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The Ontario Institute 

for Studies in Education 

Toronto, Canada 

The mB. Jackson 



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"Wbilest that the childe is young, let him be instructed 
in vertue and lytterature ". 

(Euphues, hy John Lily, about 1580.J 

In tenui labor, at tenuis non gloria ". 






To the Memory 

of my School Masters, 

The Eight Keverend Francis Jeune, D.C.L., 

late Bishop of Peterborough : 

The Right Eeverend James Prince Lee, D.D., 

late Bishop of Manchester; 

aftd To my College Tutors, 

The Reverend John Hymeks, D.D., 

now Rector of Brandsburton, Yorkshire ; 

The Very Reverend Charles Merivale, D.D., 

now Dean of Ely, 

I dedicate this little Book, 

in gratitude for the many advantages which 

I received from them 

at School and at College. 


Thomas Cox, M.A. 


The preface vii— xii. 

The List of Subscribers xiii-xiv. 

Chapter I. Grammar Schools and their Founders 1. 

„ II. The Foundation of Heath School 7. 

„ III. §1. The School Seal. §2. Inscription on the 
House. §3. Stipend of the Master of a Grammar 
School. §4. Subscriptions to the Original School. 14. 

„ IV. History of the School from 1600 to 1629. ... 18. 

„ V. §1. School Hours. §2. School House. §8. Statutes. 22. 

„ VI. The History continued to 1728 24. 

„ VII. The Confirmation of the Charter. ... 31. 

„ VIII. The History continued to the present time. 38. 

IX. The Statutes of the School 49. 

„ X. Additional information about the Masters. ... 59. 

„ XI. Lists of Masters, Ushers, and Special Examiners. 80. 
XII. §1. Celebrated Scholars to 1789. §2. Scholars 
under Mr. Wilkinson. §3. Complete List of 
Scholars from 1840 to 1879. §4. Scholars 
who have graduated since 1840. §5. Scholars 
who have passed the Oxford and Cambridge 
Local Examinations since 1861 83. 

„ XIII. The Story of Laurence Sterne. 103. 

XIV. §1. The Old School. §2. The New School. 109. 

„ XV. §1. The early Governors. §2. The Governors 
under the Charter of 1729. §3. List of 
Governors from 1584 to 1875. §4. The 
Governing Body under the New Scheme. ... 115, 

„ XVI. On some of the early Subscribers X29. 

„ XVII. Scholarships at the Universities in which the 

School has an interest 140. 

The Present Prospectus of the School 143. 

Corrections and Additions ]45. 


Several years ago I collected for my own information 
some particulars relating to the History of Heath School, 
from Watson's History of Halifax, The Parish Church 
Registers, and Documents belonging to the Governors. As 
a suitable time was come for putting these together in a 
readable form, I thought of drawing up a paper to be read 
at a public opening of the New Buildings. I soon found, 
however, additional matter to such an extent that I laid 
aside the notion of a temporary paper, and aspired to be the 
writer of a permanent book. Then I found, that, if I printed 
the important documents in full, I should produce something 
too expensive for the public, and satisfactory only to anti- 
quarians. So I thought that by digesting the information 
supplied by manuscripts and books I might write a popular 
history, suitable to the pockets and pleasure of all who cared 
for the School. But I found it a more difficult task than 
I expected. There were conclusions to be drawn from 
imperfect data ; contradictions to clear up ; and often a want 
of continuity in the history. There had been so little interest 
taken in the School that scarcely anything was known of the 
Masters beyond their existence ; and, for nearly two hundred 
years, there was nothing certain of the scholars which they 
had made. For some seventy or eighty years, even the 
names of the Governors were wanting; and yet, as they 
had property to manage, they must have signed documents, 
though I do not know of any. However, I have carefully 
gone through the Parish Church Registers, Brearcliffe's MSS, 


of his own times, the Governors' Books and Documents, and 
the Papers which under the name of " Our Local Portfolio " 
appeared in the Halifax Guardian some twenty years a.go. 
I have also gone through all the books in the Library of 
the Literary and Philosophical Society which I thought might 
possibly contribute something to the accuracy of a statement, 
or even a word or name, though not furnishing a paragraph 
or supplying a sentence. I have gone over several large 
volumes more than once, as names forced themselves on my 
notice which seemed to have no connection with my subject 
when I first read them. But I must beg pardon of my 
readers beforehand, if sometimes they find my knowledge 
inferior to theirs : for, twelve months ago, I was entirely 
ignorant of the old West Riding families, which happen to 
be mentioned in this book ; and even now I have only such 
knowledge as a temporary sojourner in their land might get. 
I must also say, that, where I have had recourse to conjecture, 
I have honestly reasoned out the matter, and suspended my 
judgment for months, until I found statements in books 
to render that conjecture probable, and I have had no one 
to help me. 

I must ask readers to bear in mind that this is a popular 
account of the School, and therefore documents are out of 
place. I have nevertheless introduced one or two, for reasons 
given where they occur. Nor have I gone into details about 
subscriptions, donations, or legacies ; for they are very 
numerous, and very small in amount in general, and seem 
as forced as charity often is for the sake of appearances. 
I have forborne too to dwell on the fact, which surprised 
me in my researches, that Halifax as a town took very little 
interest in the School, either in promoting its foundation 
or in supplying it with scholars. Even when the School 
flourished most, it seems to have owed its success to foreigners. 


not natives ; and its very locality near the town was accidental. 
Still I hope, that, if any interest in the School is aroused 
by the present publication, all the documents connected with 
it will some day be given to the world in full (either by 
private liberality or by public subscription) ; and I shall be 
glad to contribute to such a work all the other particulars 
that this History is based on. 

I may add that I have generally preserved the old way 
of speaking of people, as for instance, John Lacy, though 
we may now think it too familiar ; that I have spelled words 
as we now spell them, except there is a point in keeping 
the old form; and that P.E. means "Parish Eegisters", 
and L.P. "Our Local Portfolio". I have quoted very few 
Authorities, because they would take up too much space in 
a popular Work, so condensed as this. 

My readers must not measure the value of the book by 
the price which I have put upon it; that was fixed low to 
induce people to buy it; and though I have not got sub- 
scribers enough to pay for its publication, I print it because 
I promised to do so when a certain number of copies had 
been subscribed for. It has cost me many hundred hours 
of research, to say nothing of the trouble which I have had 
in writing over again passages, which I thought contained 
all the information that could possibly be got when I first 
wrote them. It has however given me a great deal of 
pleasure, such as no reader can possibly feel: yet I have 
endeavoured to write for his satisfaction ; and I hope he will 
not think that he has thrown his money away, nor that the 
book is smaller than he expected. 

I have especially to thank Mr. S. T. Rigge for the loan of 
several important books ; and Mr. Craven, of Clapton Lodge, 
and Mr. Lister, of Shibden Hall, for some communications 
relating to Sterne. Mr. C. J. Fox and Mr. Stopford have 
kindly prepared the drawings for the illustrations, and deserve 


thanks both from me and from the readers of the book. I 
am indebted also to the Governors of the School, and to those 
of the Waterhouse Charity, for kindly allowing me to search 
into their documents. The Architects of the New Buildings 
have also kindly contributed an account of them, and a 
Photolithograph of the Front as seen from Free School Lane. 

Now, I feel that I have an apology to make for the style 
in which the work is written. After six months research 
I thought that I had got all the information that I could 
possibly get; and I tried to put it into a readable shape. 
As far back as February I wrote the history of the School, 
and many of the other chapters, feeling a strong dissatisfaction 
with the result of my labours : but afterwards by going 
over the ground again I was enabled to glean a few more 
grains, and, even while the work was passing through the 
press, I was enabled to clear up some doubts which detracted 
from the merits of the work. The consequence was that I 
had to insert words or phrases or even whole sentences, and to 
alter others, so that in many places I find the flow of the style 
sadly obstructed. I have likened it myself to what takes 
place on a rapid stream when the ice breaks up, and huge 
lumps collect here and odd masses float there to spoil the 
even tenour of its current. Had I had a sufficient number 
of subscribers, I would have torn the book to pieces and 
re-written it ; but those who have promised me their support 
have unfortunately to suffer because so many whom I had 
hoped to attract have kept themselves aloof from a work, 
in which I nevertheless believe that they feel an interest. 

I will say but a few words in conclusion. First, this 
School may be called " The School of the three Queens ". 
Its original Charter in 1585 was signed by Elizabeth : the 
confirmation of the Charter in 1729 was signed by Caroline, 
the Queen of George II., and its recent Scheme was signed 
by Victoria. 

Secondly, I quote from the original prospectus the sources 
of this History, and a statement of what I intended to give to 
the subscribers. 

The materials made use of are collected from : — 

1. The documents in the Parish Church Eegisters; 

2. The Registers themselves in reference to births, 

marriages, and burials; 
S.^Brearcliffe's MSS. on matters connected with Halifax, 
in the early part of the 17th century; 

4. The Sterne correspondence concerning the School 

from 1725 to 1730; 

5. The various Histories of Halifax; 

6. " Our Local Portfolio," a series of papers, which 

appeared in the " Halifax Guardian " between 
1856 and 1861; 

7. The Minute Books of the Governors of the School. 

Besides these, many books relating to the History 
of Yorkshire have supplied items of importance. 

The Book will not be encumbered with documents, but 
will consist of information supplied by them, or of inferences 
drawn from them. It will be illustrated by engravings of 
the old and new buildings, and some other objects of interest. 
It will also contain Lists of the Masters and Governors from 
the earliest time, and of all the pupils since 1840, and of 
some other earlier ones. 

Thirdly, I quote a passage from the Life of a celebrated 
Critic, Gilbert Wakefield, which I have but recently seen, 
respecting the advantages of such Schools as that at Heath. 

* This compilation, which was once in the Parish Church Library, and is now 
in the keeping of the Waterhouse Charity Trustees, was made by John Brearcliffe, 
an Apothecary in Halifax, who was the son of Edmond Brearcliffe, Parish Clerk 
in Dr. Favour's time. He died December 4th, 1682, aged 63. Caution is necessary 
in the use of the work. I have found about sixteen mistakes in those parts, with 
which I have had to do. 


He says that it is in the Preface to Plutarch's Treatise on 
Education by Dr. Edwards. "I am so far from lamenting 
the years, which are usually passed in a Grammar School, 
that I consider them, if well employed, as the most important 
period of life. The peculiar exercise of the understanding, 
which is requisite to investigate and ascertain the precise 
meaning of an ancient author, is the best, if not the only 
method of training up the juvenile mind to form just 
conclusions on more momentous subjects. If, on the other 
hand, boys are permitted or encouraged to wander from one 
pursuit to another, and to remain satisfied with a superficial 
knowledge of each; we shall in vain look forward to those 
mature fruits, without which it will be impossible to establish 
a character". 


Oct. Slst, 1879. 



This Book, according to Prospectuses issued in June and 
July, is published in four forms, distinguished in the annexed 
List by the letters A., B., C, and D. 

(A.) — The original Form, consisting of the History and 

some Illustrations, price 4s. 
(B.) — A, with two Lectures attached, illustrative of the 
state of Education in England when the majority 
of our present Grammar Schools were founded, 
price 5s. 
(C.) — A, with four Photographs of Masters and some 

additional Illustrations, price 6s. 6d. 
(D.) — C, with the two Lectures attached, price 7s. 6d. 

*,* The above prices apply only to Copies subscribed for: the remaining 
Copies will be supplied at a higher price, but only in the Forms C. and D ; very 
few of the latter are left. 

List of Subscribkrs. 


Edwards, Sir H 

Hill, J. E 

Hope, Kev. J 

Longbottom, J. W 

llawson, J 

iawson, W. H 

Llotbwell, W 

Mvallow, J. H. 

\Yaterhouse, Major 

Masters and Ex-Mastert. 

irookes, Eev. W. J 

i,\ton, J 

uishaw, Eev. J. W. 

. -eh, Eev. J 

, Eev. T 

,H. C 

;bia, W. E 

A'hitehead, Eev. W. C 

Past or Present Scholars or 
their Parents. 

Unley, D 

Oexander, Dr 

^shwdrth, Eev. J. A; 

iaines, F 



























Bamford, J 

Bancroft, J 

Birtwhistle, Mrs. . . 
Blackburn, Mrs. . . 
Bonser, J. W. 
Booth, E.W. 
Brown, Eev. J. F. 
Caw, J. (Senr.) . . 


Crossley, Mrs. 
Dawes, Captain . . 

Denison, J 

Dewhirnt, W. T. . . 
Dyson, Eev. W. . . 

Edgar, D. E 

Edleston, Eev. Dr. 
Edwards, H. , . 
Farrar, T. H. 
Finch, Eev. T. 

Firth, W 

Fletcher, Eev. E. C. 

Fox, C. J 

Francis, E 

Hall, Eev. J 


Hill, A. S 

Holmes, Eev. C. R 

Holroyde, J. B 

Hoyle, G. (Senr.) 

Hoyle, G. (Junr.) 

Huntriss, E 

Jeffery, Rev. S 

Jessop, J. , 

Kenny, C. S 

Kenny, W. F 

Kirk, J. M 

Marshall, Rev. J 

Maude, W. W 

Mitchell, J 

Moflett, Rev. R 

Newman, E 

Norris, H. A 

Norris, S. P 

Parkinson, T 

Patchett, M 

Rankin, M. H 

Robinson, H. 

Robinson, R. H 

Rhodes, S 5 

Rouse, J. 1 

Rouse, Rev. W. A 1 

Salmond, D 1 

Shoesmith, J 

Smeeton, G. F 

Snow, T, G 

Stansfeld, Colonel 

Storey, W 

Swallow, R.D. 

Thomas, W. F 

Town, Rev. B 

Turner, T 

Waghorn, H. R 1 

Wainhouse, J. E 1 

Warneford, Rev. J. H 

Wbitaker, W. H 1 1 

Woodhead, D | 

Residents in Halifax or the 

Bagot, Rev. G 

Barber, W.O 

Browne, G. B 

Craven, W 

Clark, Mrs 

Greenwood, J. H 

Highley, H. H 

Hughlings, H 

Jackson, B. W 

Leeming, Messrs. 

Leyland, F. A 

Literary & Philosophical Society 

Lister, J 

McCrea, H. C , 

Mechanics' Institute 

Millson, Rev. F. E 

Perkinton, J. 

Prescott, Mrs 

Eigge, S. T 

Roberts, Dr 

Sagar, ( ) , 

Spencer, W 

Stafford, R. P 

Thackrah, A 

Thomas, J 

Walker, F 

Ward, J. W 

Wright, J. H 

Subscribers residing at a distance 
Ainsworth, T. (Blackburn) . . 
Butterton, Rev. Dr. (Rhyl) . . . . 
Brandt, Miss (Leamington) 
Brookes, Eev. T. (Wakefield) . . , 
Elborne, H. (Cambridge) . . 
Finch, Miss (Cambridge) . . 

Fisher, A. (Gosport) 

Gorst, J. E. (London) 

Heppel, G. (Weston super Mare) 
Hopkinson, G. H. (London) 
Hulbert, Rev. Canon ;(Almondbury) , 
Landon, Rev. J. T. B. (Ledsham) 

Robson, Miss (London) 

Robson, T. (Cambridge) 

Shaw, Rev. F. (Fen Drayton) . . . 
Shaw, Miss (Waltham) ..... 
Weston, Rev. W. R. (Hexthorpe) 



SHORTLY after the beginning of the reign of Henry the 
Eighth, Richard Pace"^ the King's chief Secretary, was 
present, as he tells us, at a feast where there were many 
guests, and a conversation was carried on about the best way 
of educating children. A gentleman, who was present, fell 
into a great rage at the praise bestowed on learning. "What 
nonsense !", said he, " a curse on your learning ! Your learned 
"men are all beggars. Why, Zounds, I had rather my son 
" were hanged than become a student ! Learning be left to 
" peasants' sons ! " Pace, who was unknown to him, with 
a gentle reproof told him that the King's service would 
require better men than fowlers and hunters; but fowling 
and hunting was all that many then cared for; and the 
King's service had to be carried on by ecclesiastics rather 
than laymen. But what a change had come over the country 
before that century came to an end ! Such an effect was 
produced by the establishment of Grammar Schools that 

* Eichard Pace held a Prebendal Stall ia York Minster in 1514, became 
Archdeacon of Dorset in the same year, and Dean of St. Paul's in 1519. He 
held several other preferments. He was a friend of the celebrated Erasmus. 
He wrote a work on the Advantages of Learning. It is possible that he is the 
same Eichard Pace as was Eector of Barwick-in-Elmet, the resignation of which 
living by a Eichard Pace took place in the year when Eichard Pace became Dean 
of St. Paul's. 

peasants' sons had it in their power to rise to the highest 
offices in Church and State, and men of birth were forced to 
adopt a different tone to recommend them to their Sovereign. 
By degrees laymen became educated, and, leaving the eccle- 
siastical rewards to peasants' sons, fitted themselves for civil 
employmentsf ; but the learning of Grammar Schools was still 
useful for what were called the Three learned Professions, 
Divinity, Law, and Physic ; and they did the country good 
service for many generations. At length however the supply 
exceeded the demand, and with the lack of competent scholars 
the teachers became in many instances careless, and such 
schools lost their repute. In 1562, the Speaker of the House 
of Commons in an address to the Queen took notice of the 
want of schools ; a hundred were wanting which before that 
time had been ; there was a decay of learning to the dishonour 
both of God and the commonwealth ; the people were trained 
up and led in blindness for want of instruction, and became 
obstinate; he therefore advised that this should be seen to. 
And seen to it was, and in good earnest ; but not so much 
by the Authorities as by local exertions. But there was a 
shortsightedness, though not altogether to be blamed ; it was 
due to want of experience as to what was really needed ; and 
zeal ran riot. The zealous founders of Grammar Schools 
had. thought, that, being in advance of the age, the age would 

t W, Harrison in 1577 writes of the Courtiers of Queen Elizabeth : — "There 
are very few of them, which have not the use and skill of sundry speeches, 
besides an excellent vein of writing beforctime not regarded. . . .Truly it is a rare 
thing with us now, to hoar of a courtier which hath but his own language." Sir 
Philip Sidney, writing to his brother Bobert in 1580, recommends him to read for 
practical use the Greek Historians Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, and Diodorus, 
and the Roman Historians Livy and Tacitus : and " to take delight in the 
Mathomaticals " i. e., in Matliematics, as wo should now say. Robert was at this 
time travelling in Germany witli a Tutor "Master SavoU " ; I wonder whether 
this was one of our Saviles. Sir H. Savilo, fellow of Merton, was abroad in 
1578, &c. Thomas Savile, his brother, was abroad about 1580. 

never overtake them, and what was best for the present need 
would be good for all future time. Such schools had no 
power of adapting themselves to altered circumstances, and 
in the long run thousands of pounds were wasted which might 
have been turned to good account. Even in the reign of 
James I. the celebrated Bacon thought that too many 
Grammar Schools had been founded, yet their number has 
been greatly increased since his time. Within the present 
century (though not for peasants' sons or those of limited 
means) Proprietary Schools have been established in great 
numbers and on a large scale after the fashion of the old 
Grammar Schools. This too is a disadvantage to the com- 
munity in some respects : the good leaven of gentility, which 
leavened the whole lump in days gone by, has been withdrawn, 
and the comparatively poor have no example set before them 
to lift them upwards, so that the gulf between class and 
class widens. 

Let us now look a little to the origin of Grammar Schools. 
The charter of Heath School states the object of the School 
to be "for the bringing up teaching and instructing of 
children and youth in Grammar and other good learning". 
If we refer to contemporary accounts, we find that Grammar^ 
was confined chiefly to elementary Latin and Greek, so far 
as to enable students at the University to fit themselves for 
the Trivium, or threefold course of study required for all 
Graduates, which consisted of Grammar, B-hetoric, and Logic ; 
whence these schools were often called Trivial schools. f The 

* Brinsley's Ludus Literarius, published in 1012, says " Such only should be 
sent to the Universities who. . . .in a love of learning will begin to take pains of 
themselves, having attained in some sort the former parts of learning; being 
good Grammarians at least, able to understand, write, and speak Latin in good 
sort." " Grammar " embraced a good deal, for a Candidate for the B. A. degree 
was said " to commence in Grammar." 

t " It is a trivial Grammar School Text." Bacon's Essays, XII. 


Quadriviunij or fourfold course, consisted of Arithmetic, 
Music, Geometry, and Astronomy J. Grammar Schools then 
had to fit a man especially for Speaking and Eeasoning, 
and for acquiring all knowledge that could be gained from 
a study of the best Classical Authors of Eome and Greece, 
and this was considered so essential, that Degrees in Divinity, 
Law, and Physic, were only granted to those who had 
mastered the Trivium, or had graduated in Arts, as it was 
termed. Next, the phrase "good learning" has to be 
interpreted in reference to the usage of the times. It was 
pure classical Literature as opposed to the Scholastic learning, 
which before the sixteenth century formed the basis of the 
University Course. We find such language as this used of 
the Universities : " Nothing was known there but Latin, 
and that in the most depraved style of the Schoolmen " : 
"in process of time good letters were brought in, and some 
knowledge of the Mathematics." 

In times antecedent to the Eeformation Free Grammar 
Schools had been founded, (1) in connection with Eeligious 
Establishments, as Cathedrals and Collegiate Churches ; 
(2) in combination with Chantries ; (3) by Trade-guilds ; 
and (4) by Individuals, whether Ecclesiastics or Laymen. 
After the confiscation of Ecclesiastical estates by the Crown, 
most of these schools were ruined ; but as the country suffered 
in consequence, many were after the lapse of a few years 
brought into existence again and endowed by the Crown on 
petition of the inhabitants of the parish in which there had 
formerly been a school ; others were founded by Gentlemen 
who had been successful in their trade or profession; and 
some by those whose estates had been increased by the 

{ A Poem written about 1480 says " Clerkis that the VII artez cunne," i. e., 
Clerks that know the seYeu arts. 

acquisition of Church lands. In the reigns of Edward, 
Mary, Elizabeth, a very large number of Schools received 
Charters by these means. The Report of the Schools Inquiry 
Commission mentions 63 in the reign of Henry VIII, 51 
under Edward VI, 19 from Mary, and 138 from Elizabeth. 
But the School of Heath, near Halifax, differs in its foundation 
from nearly all the others throughout the country; for on 
enquiry it will be found that it had no endowment from the 
Crown, nor any private endowment from an individual or 
individuals, when its Charter was obtained. It is charitable 
to suppose that it was started in hope by its promoters ; and 
fifteen years elapsed from the date of the Charter before a . 
Master was appointed, so little interest did the people in 
general take in its foundation. The Charter makes Queen 
Elizabeth speak of "the humble suit made unto us by the 
inhabitants of the parish and vicarage of Halifax", but that 
seems to refer only to the twelve mentioned in it as the 
Governors, who were formally the inhabitants. Of these 
twelve, three (John Lacy of Brearley ; John Savile of 
Bradley; and Brian Thornhill of Fixby;) are described as 
Esquires, one (Francis Ashburn, Vicar of Halifax) as Clerk; 
two (Henry Savile of Blaidroyd, and Henry Farrar of Ewood) 
as Gentlemen; and the remaining five (William Deane of 
Exley, Eobert Wade of Sowerby, John Deane of Deanehouse, 
Anthony Hirst of Greetland, George Firth of Firthhouse, and 
John Hanson of Woodhouse,) as Yeomen. Not one of these 
besides the Vicar resided in the Township of Halifax, and 
some of them four or five miles off; nor do we know that 
more than three were ever connected with a University, the 
Vicar and the two Saviles. It would be interesting to know 
what suggested the idea of a Grammar School to them, and 
who was the prime mover in realising it. 

But it seems to me that the origin of the School was due 
to the Sftvile family.* Several of them had been or were at 
the time members of the University of Oxford, and two at 
least distinguished themselves in learning. Several of the 
first Governors, as Lacy, Thornhill, Hanson, were connected 
with the Saviles by marriage; Ashburn, Farrer, and John 
Deane, had married into the Lacy family; three others are 
mentioned as executors in wills in connection with the Hansons 
and Saviles. The connection of the Governors then with the 
Saviles seems very clear. If we look at their places of abode, 
we find Lacy, Hanson, Thornhill, William Deane, Hirst, and 
Firth, residing in the neighbourhood of John Savile, and 
John Deane and Wade close neighbours of Farrer. These 
may be said to represent the valley of the Calder, and were 
away from the town of Halifax, Ashburn alone seeming to 
represent Halifax, and he not connected with it by birth. f 

* " Since your father's time (Sir John Savile) no man hath done so much in 
the School affairs as myself" says Dr. Favour in 1618, to Sir H. Savile. 
(L.P. No. LUX.) 

t An examination of the names of the principal subscribers in both of Dr. 
Favour's Subscription Lists points to the same conclusion. Soe Chap. XIV, §1, 
and Chap. XVI. 



AS to the time when the promoters of the School determined 
to apply for a Charter, we know nothing. John 
Savile was at Oxford in 1561, and some time after: he then 
became a barrister, residing for the most part at the Temple 
in London, and not spending much time in Yorkshire. He 
could pay but little attention to the matter. The petition 
for the Charter was probably laid before the Queen by the 
Earl of Shrewsbury, as he was closely connected with the 
Saviles, and such petitions were generally presented through 
a Nobleman at Court. It was favourably received, and a 
Charter was granted aiil signed in February, 1584-5. Henry 
Farrer paid all the expenses incurred, which was no doubt 
a pretty good sum : but he could perhaps better afford it than 
the other Governors, as he had a few years before obtained 
the manor of Midgley by his marriage with the daughter 
of John Lacy. At any rate it was a generous act on his 
part, but I wonder who thanked him for it? 

Yet all seemed in vain. The newly formed Corporation 
had no revenues or possessions to be^ Governors of, and 
nobody stirred to give effect to the Cliarter. John Savile, 
as I have said, seemed most concerned in the foundation of 
the School, but he was seldom at his house, Bradley in 

* We must remember that Governors wore so callod as Trustees of the Property', 
and not as managers of the. details of the Schools. See, for an instance, the Deed 
iu Chap. XVI. 

Stainland, being engaged in London by his official duties 
as Barrister and Judge, or with the Council of the North at 
York. John Lacy and Vicar Ashburn died within a few 
months after the Charter was signed. There seemed no 
anxiety on the part of the people that were to be benefited by 
it. Nobody came forward to urge the Governors to make the 
School a reality. It existed only in parchment. Those that 
were children and youth when the Charter was obtained 
became men before anything further was done. Farrer had 
paid his money for nothing. The hopes at first entertained 
seemed never to be realised, and Halifax sent none of her 
poor men's sons to either University. The decaying great 
families of the neighbourhood, who sought to acquire the 
means of living by positions in Church or State, when their 
estates got less by division or by sale, were however well 
represented at Oxford at the end of the 16th century and 
the beginning of the 17th. The Saviles, the Drakes, the 
Clays, the Ramsdens, the Deaues, the Waterhouses, the 
Wilkinsons of Elland, and others were distinguished at the 
Universities, principally at Oxford ; but they were able to 
support themselves during the necessary education. But 
nobody lent a helping hand in turning to a good account the 
ability which God had given the tradesman's or peasant's son. 
It was not till 1593 that an advocate raised a voice on their 
behalf, and he a stranger to the place by birth or marriage, 
the celebrated Dr. Favour, Vicar of Halifax. He had been 
educated at the then most famous School in England, 
Winchester College, and had become a Scholar and Fellow 
of New College, Oxford, which William of Wykeham had 
established for those who had profited most by bis Winchester 
foundation. Dr. Favour naturally wished that the Halifax 
boys should have an opportunity of getting a University 
education as far as they were fit for it. After he was settled 


in his Vicarage and had time to look about him, he set to the 
work with his usual energy. He found a Charter for a School 
and a few Governors without anything to govern. There was 
no property given, no Master, no School-house. Of the 
original Governors several had died, one spent his time 
principally in London, and others lived some four or five 
miles off. Some ten years had elapsed since the Charter 
had been petitioned for, and we may imagine the indifference 
which the survivors would feel, when they had seen the 
nonfulfilment of their early hopes. The places of those who had 
died had been filled up by successors to keep the Corporation 
in existence, but they had not felt the interest in the matter 
which was once felt when John Savile was an active man 
among them, so that owing to their neglect there were only 
three properly qualified Governors in existence in 1607, and 
application had to be made to the Archbishop of York to 
fill up the vacancies before any valid act could be done. For 
ten years before this Dr. Favour had bestirred himself to get 
the School established, though he does not seem to have 
been legally a Governor himself until the end of 1607. He 
seems to have considered it part of his duty as Vicar of 
Halifax : he fought hardly for the rights of " the poor School 
and the poor people," as he at a later period calls those 
who had been deprived of their dues by mismanagement both 
in this respect and in others. He had enlisted Sir John 
Savile on his side, and a great deal of correspondence passed 
between the two on the subject of the School. 

It is singular that such a state of things should have 
existed. We can only imagine that the Charter was carefully 
locked up somewhere, and the Governors were never informed 
of its terms. Else how could so many elected Governors 
have never qualified? and how was it that the defect was 
not found out for so many years? 


It was not until the beginning of 1597 that anything 
definite could be done. In February of that year the 
Governors got possession of two acres of land given by the 
Farrers of Ewood, a corporate seal* was provided, and steps 
were taken to get up a subscription for erecting a suitable 
building. Some arrangement seems to have been made for 
this purpose between Sir John Savile and Dr. Favour on a 
visit of the former to his country-house. An appeal in 
writing, t dated Halifax, July 16th, was made by a letter 
signed (not by the Governing body but) by "Your loving 
friends Jn. Savile and John Favour " to some Gentlemen 
of the neighbourhood, intimating that unless the School 
were " erected within a certain time " it would lose certain 
possessions conditionally promised, and asking them to set 
down the sum they would bestow towards so charitable an 
action, as it was intended the work should begin immediately 
after Sep. 20. An agreement was made by Dr. Favour with 
a builder of Hipperholme, named MartinJ Akroyd, a free- 
mason, and particulars were sent with a plan to Sir John 
in London. The builder was to receive £120 together with 
the materials of an old house which stood on the ground 

* I draw this inference from the date on the present seal; but see Chap. III. §1. 

t The letters to be found in L. P. Nos. CXLIX. and CL. 

j In the Parish Begisters under Nov. 8, 1591, his marriage with Sara Ramsden 
occurs and under March 20, 1617 (i. e. 1618 N. S.) his burial. 

It is curious to find his name spelled differently in the same letter. Altogether 
there are found seven different forms of it : Akroyd, Akroyed, Acroid, Acroyd, 
Acroyde, Ackeroyd, Eaycroyd. Such was the disregard of spelling in those times. 
Martin, Abraham, and John, are mentioned in various documents. Whether they 
were brothers or the Christian name of the builder was not accurately known, 
does not appear. Wm. Ackroyd who founded a Scholarship in 1517, has his name 
spelled Aikeroide, Akeroide, Akerode, Akeroyde, in one and the same document, 
and outside it Aykroyde, Aikroyde, (L. P. CLXIII) ; in another Ackroyd ; in 
another Acroyde, Acroide, Acrode. A member of the builder's family (perhaps) 
appears in the Waterhouse Charity's Accounts : " 1651 Paid Akeroyde for the 
Hospitali house 5s." 


and such timber as should be voluntarily given. Dr. Favour 
asked Sir John's advice about the means of assuring the 
money to the workmen, about making the collections, and 
for his good help in general that the work might "be done 
with reasonable beauty and comeliness." This was on Sep. 
29th, and the agreement with the builder, if satisfactory to 
Sir John, was to be concluded about the middle ot October. 
We hear nothing more of the School until the following 
summer, so that some unexpected difficulty had probably 
arisen ; indeed there was afterwards a good cause of complaint, 
for men who had promised subscriptions hung back^ as the 
Doctor says, not wishing to subscribe unless they saw others 
do so, and even expecting the liberality of "other towns" 
to make up their deficiency. He persevered, however, 
determined not to be beaten in so good a cause : he pressed 
it on his neighbours in public and in private; he wrote to 
every township with his own hand, and sent collectors round 
to make sure of the slow. At last, on Thursday in Whit- 
sun week, June 8th, 1698, after the sermon on the usual 
Lectureday, he went (as he says) "with all his clergy and 
some other neighbours, and consecrated the ground with a 

short prayer and a psalm and committed the blessing 

of the work to God." But his satisfaction on seeing the 
favourable progress of his good work was damped by the fact 
of a smaller attendance than he had expected. No doubt he 
often visited the spot afterwards, but from some cause or 
other the workmen were dilatory : he longed for the presence 
of Sir John to stir them up, but he did not come; and we 
find that the building was not finished in the time agreed on, 
so that Sir John at last refused to give the builder his full 
pay. Among the debts owing to his estate in 1617, his 
Executors mention £13 10s. as due from Sir John Savile, 
perhaps on this very account. 


But what were the other Governors doing all the while ? 
Did they appoint none of their body to look after the progress 
of the work and keep the builder to his duty ? None, alas ! 
is mentioned as feeling any interest in the work either then 
or afterwards; and the Doctor is obliged after the lapse of 
some twenty years to say in self-defence that he had himself 
procured almost all the revenues of the School, and that 
some of the Governors had never been present at the meetings 
though he had sent for them. 

But to go back to 1598. About two months after the 
foundation of the School was laid, Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury,* 
Edward Savile, Esq., and Sir George Savile, gave six acres 
of ^' weak, stony, and bruery landf " with ^' a house called 
a Schole-houseJ lately built," altogether " of the annual value 
of eightpence " (!), to the Governors of the School, which 
they obtained possession of in the following January, 1598-9. 

* In 1515 the then Eai-1 of Shrewsbury was guardian of Henry Savile of 
Thornhill. His son Edward Savile (who was supposed to be weak of intellect) 
afterwards put himself under the protection of the Talbots, and his family tried 
to get him out of their hands. Sir Henry willed the bulk of his property away 
from Edward to the Lupset branch of the family, which was represented by Sir 
George, who afterwards married Mary, the daughter of George, and sister of 
Gilbert, Earls of Shrewsbury. It was consequently through the Saviles that the 
Earl of Shrewsbury had any connection with the School, so that the land given 
probably formed part of the estate of Sir Henry Savile. 

t terra debilis lapidosce et bruerce." This is alluded to in the Inscription 
over the School-house door. Bruera, a corruption of an older form brugaria 
(French, bruyere), which was used for "heather" in the Middle Ages, is defined 
in Dictionaries of Medieval Latin as 'Mgrer sterilis, vepribus et dumetis horridus" 
i. e., barren land, horrid with brambles and thickets. I quote this, as illustrating 
the Inscription. 

J In Brearcliffe's MSS. this is called " Scale-house." It was probably a rude 
erection, a sort of permanent hut, which was very common in former times. In 
many places in the West Riding and in Lancashire there are houses still called 
" Scholes " or " Scale-house." So that we are not to suppose that the School was 
given with the land. The School in fact seems to have been built on the 
Farrere' gift. 


There seems to have been a small addition made to this 
a few years afterwards''^ ; so that on the whole there 
were about eleven acres of land for the support of the 
School. All this however required a great deal to be done 
to it before it became profitable. For several years '^ plowing 
and hacking and manureing" were gradually carried on, as 
we find it stated in an old document. And there seems to 
have been no provision for any other stipend for a Master. 
Dr. Favour found only a Charter when he began ; and now 
after the lapse of several years there is nothing further 
than a School and a few acres of stony land. But in 1600 
he got a Master, a Graduate of a local family perhaps, who 
had energy and patriotism enough to work for the good cause 
with a soul above filthy lucre. In August 1600, one Eichard 
Wilkinson, Bachelor of Arts, was elected Master, and in a 
few days was presented to the Archbishop of York for 
admission to the office, according to the provisions of the 
Charter. A copy of the formal document, which was written 
in Latin, and (no doubt) by Dr. Favour, is still preserved 
in the Parish Registers. It is dated from Bradley, the seat 
of Sir John Savile. A copy of it will be found in Chap. X, 
under "Mr. Wilkinson". 

* Brearcliffe tells us of a lease of lands granted to the Governors in lf)02 from the 
Governors of Hedbergh School, which was liberally endowed by William Harrison. 





THE School being now establislied^ we will stop for a 
few moments to consider some points of interest con- 
nected with the School before we proceed with our History. 
§1. The corporate body had a conimon seal. I had always 
thought that the present seal was the one which had been 
in use from the beginning, but Brearcliflfe gives a description 
of the only seal which he knew, thus : — " Ther is a free 
schoole scale in an ovall form with Sigil : Scholam R : Eliz : 
vicar Eav : Hallifax writt about it and in ye midst [some 
words in cipher*^ letter writt in ^t a rose at Top and 
p'cuUis at bottom." 1 append a copy of the present seal, 
so that the difference is seen at once. 
There is no record of the time when 
an alteration was made, but it was 
probably made because of the intro- 
duction of the word " Eav : " in it. 
The rose and portcullis are the badges 
of the Tudor family. The legend " Qui j 
mihi discipulus puer es cupis atque," 
consists of part of the first line of an 
exhortationt to youths in Lily's Latin 
Grammar. This is written in Latin 
Elegiac verse, and the first two lines are 

* Possibly, "form of a book ['book' is certain] or." — I cannot help thinking 
that Brearcliffe'has made some mistake. His MSS. is hurriedly and badly written 
here. Not being very well acquainted with Latin, he has written Scholam for 
Schol. and left out Gram. He also read VICAEIAT. as VICAR lAT. and then 
changed I into P. The final letter is so written that it may be taken either for 
t or V ; but F is clear and bold. The legend on the seal is sigillum liberse 
grammaticalis scholae reginae Elizabethse vicariatus HaUfaxensis, i. e., the seal of 
the free gi'ammar school of Qiteen Elizabeth, of the vicarage of Halifax. 

t This is entitled " Guilielmi Lilii ad suos discipulos mouita Psedagogica ; seu 
carmen de Moribus." 


Qui milii discipulus, Puer, es, cupis atque doceri, 

Hue ades, haec animo concipe dicta tno. 

(Thou who art my pupil, boy, and desirest to be taught, 

come here, grasp these sayings with thy mind.) 

§2. Over the entrance to the present School-house is a 

stone, which was probably removed from the old house, 

containing the following Inscription : — 

In Favorem Reipvbl. 

Terra mala et sterilis dvmetis obsita, saxis 
Horrida, que nvllis inveta est frvgib' apta, 
Sed bona gens popvlvs sact', pietatis et ardens 
Relligionis opvs tantu prodvxit, vt inde 
Terra bona et possit bona gens benedicier ec*"* 
Sic dm terra dominos non terra beavit. 
Elizabetha div vivat, qvae talia nobis 
Indvlsit monimeta. Devs sic svme secvdes 
Hoc opvs vt vigeat, perq' onia saecvla dvret. 
Sic nos Christe, tvo sic nostra dicam' honori. 

Jacta svnt Fvndam 8° Jvnii A° Dm 1598 : 
Elizab. Reginae 40. 

This may be expressed in English as follows : — 
For the Favour^ of the Country. 

The land was bad and barren all, with thickets overgrown ; 
Not fit for crops of any kind, but rough with horrid stone ; 
Then people warm with piety, and holy in their thought. 
This greatest of religious works into existence brought. 
To make the land of greatest good and bless the people too : 
. And so a blessing to the land, not to the owners grew ; 
'^P^ong tiiftc the Queen Elizabeth, who granted us such grace ; 
And prosper Thou, God, this work, that it may never cease, 
But live in vigour through all time. So, Christ, with this intent. 
We give ourselves, we give our means, unto Thine honour bent. 

The Foundations were laid June 8th, a.d. 1598, 
In the fortieth year of Queen Elizabeth. 

* I have put "Favour" when "Benefit" would better suit the sense, because 
I think that the Doctor, who composed the verses, had a love of his own name. 
It seems also to nave been on the School Seal, if Brearcliffe is right in his 
statement. In the presentation too of Kichard Wilkinson to the Abp. he goes 
out of his way to pray His Grace to admit him to the ofiSce of Schoolmaster 
"cum favore", with favour. See Chap. X. 


§3. In the latter half of the 16th century, the usual 
stipend of the Master of a School was 20 marks i. e., 
£13 6s. 8d., and that of the Usher 10 marks, besides a 
residence for each. We find these sums fixed in many 
Grammar Schools, and paid out of the Endowment. The 
liberality of the Founder of Harrow assigned 40 marks for 
the Master; and even in the reign of Henry YIII as much 
as £20 and a house was to be set apart for the Master of the 
Cathedral School at Exeter. In reducing this to the present 
standard we should have to multiply by a much larger sum 
than in the former case. If 10 or 12 were the multiplier 
in Henry's reign, it would be 6 or 8 towards the end of 
Elizabeth's. But authorities differ. The income of a Master 
then in 1600 might, if referred to the present value, be about 
£100 a year, That is small, no doubt, but we must remember 
that people then had to confine themselves to the bare 
necessaries of life. Now the poorest housekeeper has comforts 
unknown to a superior class in 1600. £40 was considered 
a good stipend for a University Professor by Henry VIII. 
Cooper in his " Annals of Cambridge " mentions an Act of 
Parliament in 1650, proposing an increase to the stipends 
of Masters of Colleges ; from which we learn that the stipend 
proposed was from £120 to £150 per annum, which was in 
many cases double the sum enjoyed before. Small as was 
the usual stipend of Masters of Schools, the poor Master 
of Heath School was to live on hope of getting something 
(and that not fixed) as subscriptions came in. In a curious 
document in No. LV. of " Our Local Portfolio," we find that 
the Master received for several years from Dr. Favour the 
sum of £3 ! It was, subsequent to 1607, considerably 
increased, so that he and the Usher got more than £20 
between them. But even in 1720 the whole income of the 
School was under £40. It was not until 1773 that the 


pupil of his, who in 1637 at 13 years''^ of age was qualified 
to enter the University of Cambridge ; and John Milner too 
(afterwards Vicar of Leeds and a celebrated writer) in 1642 
at 14 years of age entered the same University. Samuel 
Stancliffe also, of St. John's College, Cambridge, was at this 
School about the same time : he valued the School so highly 
that he bequeathed, in 1705, £100 for " improving and 
adorning" it, as a tablet still in the School testifies. The 
name of Cockman is so unusual that I should like to connect 
with our Master Thomas Cockman, who graduated M.A. at 
Oxford in 1697 and became Master of University College? 
a College with which I can find nearly Twenty Yorkshiremen 
connected in this century. If so, he would be his grandson 

The good work done by the School attracted the attention 
of the Vicar, Henry Ramsden ; and finding the endowment 
unsatisfactory, he made a collection in 1635 for the purchase 
of lands. There is a list in the Parish Registers of sums 
given (1) "by such as live out of the Vicarage," (2) "by the 
Governors of the said School," and (3) "by the various 
townships ; " these are respectively £31, £41 6s. 8d., and 
nearly £125. In the first Mr. Greenwood, Vicar of Thornhill, 
gives £20, leaving £11 for three other subscribers; Eight 
Governors make up the second list. Sixty-three subscribers 
of the Township of Halifax are required for about £36 ; 
and a corresponding number of small subscribers make up 
the remainder. There are only two of these who exceed 
£2, viz., Rev. Robert Booth of Sowerby Bridge, and Mr. 
James Gates of Southowram. 

* Edmund Spenser went to Cambridge when 16. The celebrated Lord Fairfax 
went there before he was 16. Chief-Justice Scroggs went to Oxford in 1639 at 
the age of 16, 



Out of this sum the Vicar had to pay for " rebuilding the 
School-chimney " and for " the boarding of the school where 
the boards were wanting and defective," no large sum indeed, 
but enough to shew that work was scamped even in those days. 

In 1631 the plague raged violently in Heptonstall and 
Ovenden, and alarm was felt in Skircoat, for we find in a 
letter dated 18 July, 1631, "The fear of infection hath 
driven many from School." It seems to have been written 
to some Governor asking advice, but the writer's name is 
not mentioned. However, Halifax and Skircoat fortunately 
escaped, and the work of the School was not much interfered 

According to Watson one Marsh (not mentioned at all 
by Wright) was "Master in 1649 according to a book''^ 
belonging to the Waterhouse Trustees." But he must remain 
among "the mute inglorious" ones. In the year 1651 
one Paul Greenwoodf was appointed to the Mastership. To 
what family he belonged, we do not know ; but there were 
many Greenwoods who adapted themselves to the new state 
of things. A Paul Greenwood, Gent., is on the Commission 
for Pious Uses in 1651 ; a Daniel, Principal of Brasenose 
College, Oxford, about the same time; and another Daniel, 
his nephew, transferred from Christ's College, Cambridge, 
to a cozy fellowship under his Uncle and in a few years to 
a College Living, marrying one Mary Firth of Sowerby. 
He found no difficulty in adapting himself again after the 
Restoration, and so died a Parish Priest, in 1679. Our 

* Since writing the above, I have found the book, and the entry. It is as I 
conjectured, among the payments made to the Master of the School and the 
Curates of the twelve old Chapelries. It stands thus : — 

" Paid to Mr. March the Mayster of the freskoU 2. 0. 0". It is evidently not 
Marsh. A careful scrutiny of the handwriting has convinced me that it is March. 
Under the payments of 1650, however, the name is written Marshe. 

t He receives his first payment from the Waterhouse Charity, Dec. 2J:th, 1651. 


Master seems to have been equally flexible; for he held the 
Curacy of lUingworth from 1658 to 1666, in which year he 
became Vicar of Dewsbury. From his days until the beginning 
of the next century we hear nothing of scholars : we only 
know that there were masters : even the Lists of Governors 
are wanting. 

For want of information about the School, the following 
curious documents in the Parish Registers, in which the 
Master is concerned, may open the reader's eyes to a state 
of things unknown to him. 

"Mr. Paule Greenwood clerke Mr. of ye fPreeschoole in 
Skircoate & Judith Newton of Hallifax spinster was published 
in ye publique meetinge place called Hallifax Church att 
ye close of ye mourninge Exercise upon 3 Lords dayes (to 
witt) ye 28 & 30 of Aprill & ye 7 of May 1654." 

" The marriage betweene ye above named Paule Greenwood 
aged [a hlot]^ yeare & ye said Judith Newton aged XIX was 
solempnised before Sir John Savill Knight barr* one of 
ye justices of ye peace for ye west riding in ye County of 
Yorke in ye presence of Anthony Westerman & Thomas 
Rigge, two credible witnesses according to ye form of 
ye Statute in y* case made & p'uided the eight day of 
May 1654." 

His first child, prematurely born, was buried before the 
year expired. In 1658, 1661, & 1664 he had other children 
baptised. This is all we know of him. 

He was succeeded by John Doughty, equally unknown 
to fame, who was, possibly, the same as graduated B.A., 1663, 
and M.A., 1667, at Cambridge, being a member of Cains 
College. He buried a child in 1668 within a fortnight after 
its Baptism, and his wife in a few months afterwards. He 
himself was buried on Oct. 14th, 1688. 

* Seemingly XfV (i.e., XXV.) 


His successor was Thomas Lister, M,B., of Jesus College, 
Cambridge. It is somewhat curious that a graduate in Medi- 
cine should have sought such a post, and that the Governors 
should have chosen such a graduate. There was probably 
a good deal of laxity at the time. We know for certain 
nothing about him. He held the post for nearly 40 years, 
but for several years before his death he was superannuated, 
and the School was in a deplorable condition : there was an 
Usher in 1727 of only "about 19 or 20" years of age, who 
had the sole charge of the School, but was " far from being 
capable of discharging his duty." The Master died April 
1728.'^ The Governors were recommended by the Archbishop 
"to hire a Schoolmaster by the week or month till the Charter 
was confirmedf;" but a year later they say in a letter to 
his Grace's Secretary : — " at present I question whether there 
be any [scholars] but what the Usher can learn who for two 
or three years before the old Master died took care of them." 
A letter dated March 14th, 1728, {i. e., at the end of 1728, 
or, according to our reckoning, in 1729,) was written by a 
lawyer of Halifax to one of the tenants of the School, in 
which he says : — " The country suffers basely for want of a 
good Master at the School, where there hath not been a 
Master rightly qualified for nigh 40 years last past, and if 
the Trustees and the Bishop had any concern for the public 
good since the old little good for naught fellow died, they 
have had time enough to have placed a good Master in the 
School, but there is only now a few petty scholars taught 
there by a young lad." Mr. Lister had evidently given 
little satisfaction. Now it is said that the famous Laurence 
Sterne was a pupil here from 1724 to 1730. He tells us in 

* A letter from Eichard Sterne to Vicar Burton, dated Nov. 7tli, 1727, speaka of 
the Scholars having to their great loss for many years been ue^jlected. 
t See the next Chapter. 


Lis Memoirs tliat his father fixed him at School near Halifax 
"with an able Master": he wrote these Memoirs just before 
his death ; but in his Tristram Shandy, published some ten 
years previously, he gives an account of a pedagogue such 
as his hero's father would not have for his son. As most 
of his characters seem drawn from the life either for praise 
or blame, some schoolmaster that he had known, probably sat 
for this pedagogue's portrait. If so, the original must have 
been anything but suitable for the office which he held, 
notwithstanding his ability. I refer my readers to Chapker 
XIII for fuller particulars. During Mr. Lister's Master- 
ship, in 1705, Samuel Stancliffe, an old pupil under Mr. 
Cockman, died, leaving £100 for " improving and adorning " 
the School. We do not know how it was spent. At any rate 
the Governors put up an expensive Tablet in the School to 
commemorate the Donor, but it is to be hoped that the 
expenses were not defrayed out of the bequest. It was 
probably not erected till sometime afterwards, as there was 
but one Governor for many years, and the Trust had very 
nearly come to an end. The sad state of things then in 
existence wiU require our attention for a little time, for there 
was in 1728 no Master to teach, and no one to receive the 
rents of the School, and the Charter narrowly escaped being 
forfeited. We will so far- anticipate the good that was 
evolved out of the evil, as to give a copy of the Tablet 
and its inscription, hoping that there may be yet some good 
benefactor to follow such a noble example as that afforded 
by Stancliffe^, and do for the scholars what he did for 
the School. 

* " The Stancliffes were an ancient family in Shibden-dale : they took their 
name Stank-cliffe from an ancient stank (stagnum) at the foot of a chff, probably 
that now called the Scout." " John Stanckcliffe (aged 26) married Phebe Lum 
(aged 24) iu June 1657 : she died March 1U78." L. P. XOV, Was this a brother 
ol Samuel 7 


Tlie inscription on the Tablet is : — 

In Memory of the Reverend 


descended of the Ancient Family 

of ScarclifFe (vere Standiffe 

of 8cowte) in the west Riding of 

this County of York, sometime of 

St. Johns Golledge in Cambridge 

& Minister of Stanmore Magna 

in ye County of Midd : who departed 

this life Decem: ye 12tli An: Dom : 1705 

Ag-ed 75 years.* 

By his last will bequeathed 100^^ 

for the improving and adorning 

tliTs free 8chuole where he was 


1G30-1 Feb. 23 (B) Samuell John Staucliflfe South : (P.R.) 
The hirge bell at the Parish Church has ou it the name Stauclitfe, 1091, and 
was probably the gift of this family. 

Photographed by T. iLLiNCWORTir, Halifax* 



IN the year 1719 a commission was apj)ointed to enquire 
into the mismanagement of a chartered Corporation^' 
which had existed for more than three quarters of a century 
in connection with the fielief of the Poor. The result of 
it was that the members had to pay expenses and to make 
up all deficiencies. Exception was taken to this decision, 
and a new Commission was appointed, but their decision 
also was unfavourable. Mr. Henry Gream who was the onl}^ 
surviving member in 1723 transferred his ofiice to others 
including Vicar Burtonf. In 1724 these Gentlemen exercised 
powers under the old Patent, though the commissioners had 
declared the necessity of getting a renewal of the Patent. 
Now Simon Sterne, J. P., of Woodhouse, and Samuel Lister, 
one of the Shibden Hall Listers, had been Governors of 
the old Corporation, and were of course liable for their share 
of the expenses. Richard Sterne, J.P., as his father's heir, 
and husband of the widow of Mr. Lister, had two shares to 
pay. Naturally indignant at this, and smarting under the 

* It owed its origin to Nathaniel Waterhouse's gift of a Workhouse for the poor 
in 1635, and the necessity of having magistrates to carry out the Laws for Relief 
of the Poor. 

t The Greams (name spelled Gream, Greama, Graime ; the family probably 
from Cumberland) lived at Heath, Shaw-Hill, and Exley, the latter estate being 
bought of the Deanes by Henry. — They subsequently acquired the Manor of 


loss, lie looked out for some means of gratifying a spiteful 
disposition, which was unfortunately a failing in the Sterne 
family*. He soon finds out a flaw in the proceedings of the 
new Governors ; he indicts them for illegal conduct and gets 
them arrested ; they were liberated only under heavy bail ; 
the case was removed from the West Riding to Westminster ; 
the defendants were condemned, and had to pay all the 
costs of the action. But Richard Sterne was not satisfied : 
there was still a grievance to be redressed, in which he could 
annoy the old Vicar. He found Heath School in very low 
water; all the writings connected with it were kept at the 
Vicarage, and he could not get them. We can imagine him 
working on the sole Governor of the School, Henry Greamf, 
who had had to suffer in 1719 for his connection with the 
old Corporation, and getting him to help in making further 
difficulties for the Vicar. He does not seem to know much 
of the School, or of its Government, if we may judge from 
his letters; but, with Gream on his side and some others, 
(who suspiciously have the same names as those against 
whom the original commission was issued,) he opens a com- 
munication with the Archbishop of York, who was Visitor 
of the School, and gets him interested in the case. The first 
step was to fill up the vacancies in the Governing body, 
which were so numerous that it became a question whether 
the Corporation of the School was not dissolved. For some 
time before 1713 there were but eight Governors, and as 
the other four were not elected at the proper time, the then 
Archbishop (Dr. John Sharpe) filled up the vacancies according 
to the provisions of the Charter. Mr. Burton, who became 

* Of E. Sterne, his uncle, Tboresby says " not so hot as I feared, being the 
Archbishop's son ". Diary i, p. 154. 

t He had been connected with the old Corporation since 1700, and was now 
probably advanced in years. 


Master's Income reached £50, and even then rent had to be 
paid for the House and Land. So poverty-stricken was 
the place ! 

§4. In the Parish Eegisters and the Brearchflfe MSS. 
there are Lists of the subscriptions and legacies which the 
School received during the first 50 years of its existence. 
They very numerous, but out of place in a popular work 
like this, as they would occupy many pages. There were 
about 16 oaks given by the Saviles, Thornhills, and Lacys, 
at the building of the School, about £205 collected by 
Dr. Favour, and about £195 by Dr. Henry Ramsden in 1635. 
The legacies were small, with the exception of Brian 
Crowther's, which was about £300,'^ It was very singular 
that the Saviles gave no exhibitions or scholarships for youths 
going to the University, and that Charles Greenwood, Vicar 
of Thornhill, gave only £20 to Ramsden's Collection, preferring 
to found another School at Heptonstall, and to leavB the 
bulk of his money to University College,t Oxford, for the 
benefit of Yorkshire in general. The free education at Heath 
School was consequently useless to poor men's sons, as a 
preparation for the University. 

* Hipperholme School was better off than that at Heath, for it had a Legacy 
of i500. 

+ University College was a favorite College with the South Western parts of 
Yorkshire in the beginning of the seventeenth century. It had several Fellow- 
ships and Scholarships, founded by Yorkshiremen for the benefit of natives of 
those parts. 



LET US now return to the School itself. In 1600 Richard 
Wilkinson was Master. But the land was yet unfenced, 
and the house wanted much to mahe it habitable. So the 
Doctor had to play the beggar again. At the end of the 
year he sent a letter subscribed with Sir John's name and 
his own to the Incumbents of the twelve Chapelries; they 
were requested to publish it in their Chapels, and to make a 
collection "among the richest and best able persons"; and, 
to induce people to contribute, they were to set down the 
names of the givers with the sums given, that they might 
be registered and kept in memory. (Happy thought ! and 
they are to be seen to the present day in the Parish Registers.) 
The collection was to be brought to the Eree School on a 
day to be fixed. The plan was so far successful as to bring in 
nearly £150, so that the new year 1601 — (the year then began 
March 25th) — had a joyful beginning. The fences were now 
got up, suitable out-houses were built, proper school furniture 
was obtained, and " the good work " was on the road " to 
be speedily brought to absolute perfection." We know 
nothing however of the time when the Master began his 
work, nor of the scholars who came to him. For some cause 
or other the post soon became vacant. Mr. Wilkinson passes 
away without a sign. Whether he got better preferment 
or pined away we do not know. There is no trace however 


of the latter in the Parish Eegisters ; and it is to be hoped 
that he fared better somewhere else, either as Schoolmaster 
or as Parish Priest. But in 1603 Eobert Byrron appears as 
the Schoolmaster, and not long after his appointment Dr. 
Favour " bestowed on the School a fair Couper's Dictionary, 
and a fair Greek Lexicon, and procured a fair English Bible 
in the largest volume, for reading some chapters at [the] 
ordinary prayers morning and evening." He values these 
books at £3 6s. 8d,, which would perhaps be equivalent to 
some £20 of our time. These Dictionaries (Couper's Latin, 
and Scaf ula's Greek) are still in existence at the School, 
in good condition as if very little used, except that the title- 
pages and many of the first leaves are wanting. The Bible 
is gone. In fact, being of a Translation older than the 
present, it would soon become superannuated. It might 
possibly be the one, which now graces the shelves of the 
Literary and Philosophical Library. 

Byrron had hopes of a comfortable life, for on October 
16th, 1604, he took as a helpmeet Grace Deane; and he 
continued at his post until 1629, being buried on April 28th, 
according to the Parish Register. He is there mentioned 
as "publicae scholae Gramaticalis secundus a fundatione 
magister''; language that shews also the departure of his 
Patron, who entered him, when married, as " Informator," 
as he had styled his predecessor in his presentation to the 
Archbishop. I suppose Byrron was a reading man, for he 
gave to the Parish Church Library (according to Brearcliffe) 
two books, " Aretinus Pelinus^ on the Psalms " and " Thomas 
Aquinas on the Evangelists." He and the Usher taught 
the Doctor's children ; they were paid by him " very bounti- 
fully," as he tells us, so that they were perhaps regarded as 
private pupils. This is all we know of both Master and pupils. 

* This was a name adopted by Martin Bucer. 


But an event of importance to the School and a blessing 
to him and his partner happened at the end of 1607, or 
(as we should rather say) the beginning- of 1608. Bryan 
Crowther, a wealthy Clothier of Halifax, who had been one 
of the Churchwardens in the first year of Dr. Favour's 
vicariate, and who, being childless, was probably worthy of 
the Vicar's cultivation, dies and leaves £300 for the benefi^i 
of the School.^ He was buried on Jan. 12th, 1607-8, and 
the Doctor lost no time in securing the money. Brearcliffe 
tells us that there were then only three surviving governors, 
Farrer, Firth, and Hanson, and they wrote a letter on Jan. 
15th to " my lord grace of York " about electing new 
Governors. Although vacancies, as we have seen, had been 
filled up, and Dr. Favour and several others had been reputed 
Governors, the terms of the Charter had not been complied 
with, and a difficulty was found when the Governors had to 
deal with property. There is a significant entry in the Parish 
Registers. "The 18th day of January 1607, the Governors 
met and assembled together at the said School and made 
fthen and there an election of Sir Henry Savile... Daniel 

Foxcroft Antony Wade Isaac the full 

consent and agreement of us the Governors of the said 
School, whom we nominate and appoint as Governors by 
these presents." " Signed Jo : Favour, Richard Sunderland, 
Robert Deane." It is singular that the three surviving 
Governors do not sign. The arrangement made was satis- 
factory to the Archbishop, whose confirmation is dated 
Jan. 26th, 1607. Brearcliffe also tells us that Favour, 

* John Hauson, one of the Original Governors says in a Letter to Dr. Favour 
in 1615 : — " You know that annuity is the fairest flower in that garden. . ..Brian 
Crowdr. had a good intention (partly by your direction) to further the revenues of 
the School." 

t Notice the determined character of the phrase. 


Sunderland, Wade, and Waterhouse, took their Corporal 
Oaths to do and execute their office well and truly on 
Feb. 12th, IGOT"^. Thus the legacy was secured, and could 
be legally dealt with: and its proceeds were added to the 
stipends of the Master and Usher, as Byrron tells us. 

In 1611 a demand had to be made on Thomas Thornhill 
for the arrears of a Rent-charge left by Bryan Thornhill. 
The Governors wish to make him a Fellow-Governor, but 
they want him first to pay up the arrears due and to promise 
future payment. — He promises and is elected .' but in 1624 
there were twelve years of arrears, and a Chancery suit 
had to enforce paymentf. 

In 1618 the Vicar had to defend himself against false 
statements made to Sir H. Savile by one Robert Lawe, 
respecting the way in which he had dealt with Crowther's 
bequest. He wrote a warm letter in self-defence, in which 
we hope he was successful. It is given in L. P. No. LIII. 

* He writes 1617, but that is evidently'i an [error. 

t Brearcliffe says, " 10^) spent in Mr. Tiiornliill suite 



§1 TT will not perhaps be out of place to say a few words 
i about the school hours and school subjects of our 
forefathers. In a book^ published in 1612 we find it stated 
that the school-time should begin at six o'clock, and the 
first hour be employed in making Latin exercises, and 
preparation of class-work should be carried on until nine : 
then, after a quarter of an hour's recreationf, the scholars 
should continue until eleven ; then two hours' interval ; then 
school again till three or half-past; then a quarter's relaxation, 
and so work till half-past five. The School was to end with 
reading a part of a chapter, two staves of a Psalm, and 
prayers by the Master. So it is coolly recommended that 
youth and children (some of only seven years of age) should be 
engaged in Latin for nine hours every day. This was still 
the custom at Heath School in last century. The Statutes 
of 1 730 say " The Master, Usher, and scholars shall constantly 
repair to School, and the Schoolmaster and Usher shall begin 
to teach at six o'clock in the morning, and there continue 
till five at night, saving betwixt eleven o'clock and one, 
from the 10th of March to the 10th of October, and from 
thence to the 10th of March again, from eight o'clock till 
four, saving betwixt eleven o'clock and one." According to 
some Statutes in BrearclifPe boys were under the Usher until 
they were perfect in the Grammar, both Accidence and 

* Brinsley's Book, quoted on p. 3. 

t Called at some schools bevcr time t. c, drinking time, from the old French 
bevere, Latin bibere. 


Syntax, and could " apply* their lectures " in simple books, 
one of which, Corderius' Colloquies, is especially mentioned. 
Under the Master they had to speak Latin ; and the authors 
they had to read more or less were Tully, Terence, Ovid, 
Virgil, Csesar. The Greek Testament is also mentioned, and 
Hesiod or Homer together with Hebrew Grammar. Latin 
Themes, and Greek and Latin verses had to be practiced, and 
the study of Logic was begun. No Mathematics, no English 
Literature, no Drawing, no Drill, and no ologies of any 
kind ! What barbarians our forefathers must have been ! 
yet some of them had a reputation as learned men. 

§2. We have no description of the School and School-house, 
but in 1727 a return made to the Archbishop of York says 
" There is a house of three rooms on a floor joining to the 
School, and a Garden." Li 1738 Wright describes it as "a 
stately Grammar School, whose building is fair, fine, and large, 
all of free stone, with a good school-house with handsome 
and convenient apartments for the Head -Master and his 
family to dwell in." He also says " Over the school-house 
door are [some] verses, cut in a fair stone, plain and legible." 
These I have already quoted. 

§3. In 1729 the Archbishop's Secretary speaks of the 
necessity of " drawing up a full body of Statutes for the 
future Government of the School : 'tis expressly contrary 
to the interest of the original Charter that such a body of 
Statutes has not been hitherto framed." But Brearcliffe 
gives us what he calls " Statutes or Orders to be observed 
in the Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth." These 
however were rather for the direction of the Masters and 
Scholars, and were possibly drawn up by Dr. Favour. As 
they contain many curious illustrations of the manners of 
the times, I quote them fully in Chap. IX. 

* i. e., apply or devote themselves to their readings, as we should say. 




R. Bjrron's death in April 1629, left the School for a 

Cockman was appointed his successor. A curious letter from 
Henry Hoile (of Hoyle-house ?) to R. Sunderland, dated June 
3rd, 1629, says : — " S'", I have sent this bearer Mr. Cokma 
home [i. e, whom] I latlye recommended for yo^" schole- 
master, he is willing and redy to atend y^ divine dis- 
pensation : and to abide any faire tryall for yo^^ aprobation 

and your satisfaction "As soon as he got settled in 

his house, he felt the need of a partner, and on Aug. 24th, 
1630, he finds a place in the Parish Registers as married 
to Grace Ward, and the unusual words, "per Li'am" i. e., by 
Licence, are put beside their names. Between that date 
and 1643 the baptisms of six of his children are recorded in 
that same book, but in 1645 Jan. 28th {i. e. at the end of the 
year) the burial of Francis the son of Francis Cockman of 
Southowram occurs. Whether this was the son of our 
Francis, I do not know, but he was a well-known youth, for 
Brearcliffe, speaking of the plague, says, " 27th January 1645 
yong franc. Cockman low brer^ buryed." John and Thomas 
are the only sons of Francis mentioned among the baptisms. 
There is nothing more to guide us to his death or resignation. 
He must however have been a good Master, for John Lake 
(afterwards Yicar of Leeds and a celebrated Bishop) was a 

i. e.. Low Brear in Southowram as opposed to Upper Brear. 


Vicar in 1712, was probably not elected, as in 1727 he writes 
to R. Sterne, who had asked him to take the oath before 
" Mr. Gream who is the surviving Trustee " : — " I have no 
account from mj Lord Archbishop of me being appointed 

a Governor of the Free School Considering my bad 

circumstances of health, I cannot think myself capable of 
executing the Trust and therefore desire to be excused from 
having any share in it". However, in 1726 and for some 
years previous, Henry Gream, one of the four, was the only 
surviving Governor. There must have been great neglect ; 
there was no body left qualified to receive rents, or to 
choose new Governors. The then Archbishop (Dr. Lancelot 
Blackburn), when he came to enquire into the matter, doubted 
whether it was in his power to elect new Governors, as the 
Charter seemed to require the consent of two to his pro- 
ceedings. By his advice a petition was presented to the 
King (George I) for a renewal of the Charter. His Majest}^ 
referred it on July Ist, 1726, to his Attorney and Solicitor 
General for their opinion, but through pressure of public 
business it was not until June 2nd, 1727 (the day before the 
King started for Hanover, never more to return) that they 
made their report. To save the Corporation, they recommended 
a liberal interpretation of the old Charter, which said : — 
" He shall be chosen Governor whom the Archbishop of York 
for the time being Sede Archiepiscopali plena or 8ede eadem 
vacante the Dean of the Cathedral Church of York with 
consent of two of the Governors aforesaid shall name 
shall be taken and reckoned for a Governor".^ They 
recommended that, as there was a doubt, the words "with 
consent of two of the Governors " should be taken as 

* I put the words as I find them. I have endeavoured to use as much as 
possible the language of " the Stonie Correspondence " in this Chapter, and that 
must be my excuse for many awkward expressions. 


applicable only to the Dean and not to the Archbishop. So 
narrowly did the Charter escape; and the scholars might 
defend their own disregard of stops by the benefit that once 
accrued to their school by it. 

Richard Sterne was the chief man in this business. 
A copy of the correspendence between him and the Arch- 
bishop's Secretary (Thomas Haytor) and the London Legal 
Agent is still in existence, and shews what difficulties there 
were in the way before the question was finally settled. In 
consequence of the opinion given, Mr. Sterne'^ chooses ten 
other Gentlemen " above 24 years of age, men of worth, 
and of the Established Church, and entire friends of the 
Government ", as he reports to the Archbishop. This, we 
must remember, was the time when men feared the Jacobites 
and the encroachments of Popery. The Archbishop accepts 
the nominees, confirms the election (Oct. 23rd, 1727), and 
recommends them to apply to Mr. Gream and take before 
him the oath of qualification. • Eight of them did so, but 
the Vicar refused to act, being dissatisfied with the other 
Trustees who were not willing " to act under his directions ; 

* The following extracts from two Letters now at Shibden Hall and kindly 
communicated by John Lister Esq. will confirm my statements. 

" Mr. Stern and Mr. Burttous Quarrel now I suppose is not a Lawsuit but an 
affront upon Mr. Sterne by denying him the Sacrament. The names of the 
ffeoffees as far as I can learn are Mr. Burtton Mr. Stern Mr. Booth Mr. Taylor 
Mr. Eamsbothom Mr. Stott Mr. Eamsden of Sydall Hall Mr. Eamsden of 
Wbarlehouse Mr. James and Mr. John Batley Mr. Eleaua Farrar Mr. Heuery 

Haigh I fancy they all voted for Turner however yt they are nominated 

by Mr. Sterne is unquestionable ". {Letter dated Dee. 20, 1727.) " Anything 
yts worth enquiring after, Mr. Burtton can give you an account of, as consaruing 
the method of Electing Goverurs for ffree school how far Mr. Burtton and his 
company proceeded And also what encouragemt Mr. Stern has because as I have 
heard there is occasion for laying down some money wch makes severall wch 
otherwise would be Goverurs to decline ". [Dated Dec. 25, 1727.) I find that on 
May 16th, 1729, Eichard Sterne and Eev. Thomas Burton were elected Governors 
of Hipperholme School. I wonder if they had become friendly by this time. 


and, not being able to have all the power, he would not accept 
of any share of it". So says His Grace, who also through 
his Secretary writes that "he would not be surprised at 
anything he (the Yicar) does when his intentions are dis- 
appointed ". Two others were afterwards led away by him, 
and resigned. There were difficulties also about the old 
Charter and the Deeds belonging to the Trust, which had 
been in the Vicar's keeping, but the Charter was found to 
have been sent to Bishopthorpe, and the particulars of the 
EentaF were afterwards sent by the Vicar to His Grace. 
It seems also that the Vicar had once been ^ solicitous ' about 
the affair, and money had been collected and £70 lodged in 
a London Attorney's hand. The new Governors were averse 
to having anything to do with the old Agent, and would 
not advance any money out of their own pocket, and the 
matter was brought to a standstill. His Grace's Secretary 
informed them that the "petty jealousies and suspicions of 
some of the Governors" would "make it impossible for him 
(the Archbishop) to do them any service; and he must lay 
aside all thoughts of concerning himself any further '*. This 
roused Sterne, who was determined to make the work good, 
if only to spite the Vicar. He persuaded his father-in-lawf 
(Timothy Booth), one of the Governors to join him in 
advancing sufficient money for the purpose. But money 
was not easy to find. He had repeated demands from the 
London Attorney for "money out of pocket". However, 
the originally named Governors were urged by His Grace 
to petition the Crown for the Charter, notwithstanding 

* This amounted to only £39 12s. Od. per annum. 

t E. Sterne married for his first wife, in 1703, Dorothy, relict of Samuel Lister 
and daughter of Thomas Priestley; and for his second Esther Booth, in September, 
1714. The Priestleys were connected by marriage with a family in Mixenden 
named Booth. 


the refusal of tliree to act ; and a confirmation of the Charter 
was at length obtained ; and Sterne was, no doubt, rejoiced 
to read the words : — " In witness whereof we have caused 
these our Letters to be made Patents. Witness'^ Caroline, 
Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Guardian of 
the said Realm, at Westminster, the one and thirtieth day 
of Julyt^ in the third year of our Reign (^. e. 1729). By 
writ of Privy Seal. Cocks ". 

"We will simply add to this that, Mr. Sterne sent the 
agent about £100 by 1730, and then owed about £60. As he 
expected this to be repaid, the school revenues were hampered 
for some years. He did not live long to enjoy his victory; 
he died in October 1732, and the Governors were then 
indebted to his Estate. He probably took very little part 
in the school affairs, after the appointment of a new Master, 
as he spent his last days principally at the family estate of 
Elvington, near York, though he was buried at Halifax. 
His son Timothy, to whom he bequeathed Woodhouse, seems 
to have had too great a liking for horses to have cared 
much for boys. 

On March 26th, 1730, there was to be a general meeting 
of the Governors. The Archbishop had requested through 
Mr. Sterne that they would furnish him with a particular 
account of the state of the School and its revenues; what 
money they had for defraying the expense of procuring 

* Schoolboys if thoughtful, may be surprised at this : but school-histories do 
not record this Eegency of the Queen. Larger Histories will however tell them 
that George II went to Hanover on May 17th, 1729, and did not return until 
Sep. 11th. They may feel interested in knowing that what one Queen gave, 
another Queen confirmed. 

t Wright (p. 26) dates the Charter " July 21, 1729 " ; Crabtree (p. 175.) " 7th 
July, 1730: The Schools Inquiry Commission Report, " 30 July, 1730 " A copy 
of the Statutes made in 1842 gives "the twenty-first day of July" as the date 
of the Charter, and "One thousand sevenhundred and thirteen" as that of the 
Statutes, (!) Somuch for Authorities 1 


the Charter ; how the land was leased, and what improvement 
the Estate was capable of; and he promised that he would 
then send them a complete body of Statutes"'^. We hope 
that they did so. Mr. Wilkinson, Mr. Jackson, and Mr. Sharp 
offered themselves as Candidates for the Mastership, and 
it was agreed to send them to His Grace's Chaplain for 
examination. But probably Mr. Sharp withdrew, as he had 
just obtained a nomination to Sowerby Bridge Chapel, and 
Mr. Christopher Jackson was eventually elected Master. In 
a letter of Dec. 29th 1730, Mr. Sterne writes that he had 
had a great deal of trouble about the School, but hoped 
that the Master would answer expectation. 

* The Statutes were sent, discussed by the Governors, and signed by them, 
three new Governors having been previously elected in the place of those who 
refused to act. 



WHATEVER might have been Mr. Stern's expectation, 
Mr. Jackson's was not answered, for he resigned 
some time in, 1731, and the Governors had to elect again. 
Mr. Jackson's successor was Mr. Edward Topham (B.A., 
1729; M.A., 1733.,) who became a fellow of Trinity College 
Cambridge, and probably looked down on such an humble 
post as the Mastership of Heath School, for he resigned 
in 1733. Then came the Rev. John Holdsworth, of St. John's 
College, Cambridge, who, having graduated B.A. in 1710, 
and M.A. in 1717, was a man of some experience. Why 
he should take the post at his age, we cannot tell; but 
perhaps he had it in his power to attract " foreigners ", 
as the non-foundationers were called; for in 1738 Wright 
says: — "The School is now in a very flourishing condition 
under the care and conduct of the Rev. John Holdsworth 
M.A., the present worthy and learned Master". But his 
income was increased a few pounds per annum on his 
appointment at once to the cure of Coley by Dr. Legh, the 
Vicar of Halifax. In 1740 he was presented to the Lectureship 
of Halifax, a dignity — for it was then a dignity — which he 
did not enjoy msmy years, for in 1744 death deprived him 
of all his earthly employments. 

When the Governors proceeded to elect a new Master, 
they found themselves in a difficulty again, as they had 
several times been since the foundation of the School ! In 
the place of the three who refused to act under the new 


Charter, W. Walker, James Tetlow (or Tetlay), and John 
Lodge had been elected. But before 1744 six of the twelve 
were dead and one had left the parish. The five surviving 
Governors had nominated four others, who had taken the 
oath of qualification ; but when they came to act, no record 
was found of their having been appointed within the month 
prescribed by the Charter. Fearful lest their acts might 
be disputed, they took Counsel's advice, who satisfied their 
scruples by recommending them to apply to the Archbishop 
to "establish the persons so appointed in the office of 
Governors ". They did so ; and also about the same time 
they appointed three others. Feeling confident that they 
were now fit to fill up the vacancy caused by the death of 
Mr. Holdsworth, they elected Samuel Ogden, of St. John's 
College, Cambridge, (B.A., 1737, M.A., 1741,) to the Master- 
ship, who "took his corporal oath" June 11th. Mr. Ogden"^ 
had been curate of Coley since the end of 1740, and continued 
there until 1747, when he succeeded Mr. Alderson (who had 
been promoted to the Rectory of Burghwallis) in the curacy 
of Elland. He had been elected Fellow of his College in 
1739, but he was not too proud to hold a position of usefulness 
in conjunction with one of dignity, and he continued Master 
of the School until 1753. He was one of the most learned 
Masters of Heath School, yet what was his income as such ? 
It varied between £37 and £30 a year ! for the debt incurred 
by the new Charter was not wiped off yet, and some years 
brought a less return than others. However he got tired 
at length of the School, and feeling that he was ill repaid 

* In Dr. Hallifax's brief Memoir of Ogden, prefixed to his Sermons, he is stated 
to have been elected Master in 1744 and afterwards appointed to Coley : but in the 
Parish Registers there is a copy of his Licence to Coley dated Feb. 9, 1740, i. e., 
1741. N. S. If this date is correct, he was ouly in Deacon's Orders, having been 
ordained in June 1740 at Chester. 


even by the Mastership and Curacy combined, which did 
not give him any position worthy his deserts, he resigned 
the School in 1753, though he kept the Curacy till the end 
of 1762. He retired to Cambridge and lived on his Fellowship, 
and became very popular as a preacher in the University. 
He does not seem to have resided in the School -house for 
some years before his resignation, for the Grovernors had 
in 1748 given him permission to let it and the lands belonging 
to the School. " He was an excellent classical^ scholar ", 
we are told, " a scientific divine, and a proficient in the 
oriental languages : as schoolmaster, he left a blessing behind 
him, in having communicated to some who afterwards became 
teachers themselves his own exact grammatical mode of 
institution". This however was not a judgment pronounced 
by anybody at Halifax. 

After his resignation the Usher, Mr. Richard Sutcliffe, who 
was then curate of Lightcliffe and afterwards became Master 
of Hipperholme School, (where he had the credit of educating 
Mr, Knight, subsequently Vicar of Halifax,) taught the whole 
school for several months until Thomas West^ who was 
elected April 25th and qualified Aug. 22nd, entered on his 
duties at the beginning of September. He was (probably) 
of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and graduated B.A. in 
1736; but there is no account in the List of Cambridge 

* It was the practice of the University to send congratulatory verses to the King 
on the occasion of any public event. Among the contributors in 1762, on the 
occasion of the marriage of the King, we find " Samuel Ogden, D.D., Senior 
Fellow of St. John's". We may also add the name of Joah Bates, of King's 
College, a Halifax man and son of the parish Clerk. He probably received his 
early education at the School when Mr. Ogden was Master, having been born 
in 1740. 

We may also add that Dr. Craven, who became Professor of Arabic at Cambridge 
in 1770, declined a bequest of money which Dr. Ogden had given him in a will 
made sometime before his death, and begged he would leave him instead his 
Arabic Books. 


Graduates of his having proceeded to a superior Degree. 
He seems to have been successively curate of Luddenden and 
Eipponden. For some cause or other he gave dissatisfaction 
to the Governors: he had "to quit the School-house and 
land at Candlemas and Mayday" 1770. The Master had at 
this time and long afterwards to pay rent for the house and 
land, and perhaps Mr. West was unable, like many other 
men of learning, to cultivate land and boys equally well. 
This notice to quit, no doubt, offended him, and there was 
so much ill-will displayed, that the Governors gave him a 
"New Year's gift" of £10 in 1771 on condition that he 
"quit the School". 

In 1770 we find one Eichard Hudson Lecturer of the 
Parish Church. Now Mr. Hudson was not a graminivorous 
animal, and, though he was a fellow of Queen's College, 
Cambridge, would hardly have come to the Parish Church 
for the sake of a house and garden : he must have had some 
pay besides, — but what has become of that, for there has 
been none for many years? — yet it was not enough for his 
wants, and therefore he gladly accepted the appointment 
of Master of Heath School on Jan. 11th, 1771, although the 
income was then only £35 a year. But, having a house 
as Lecturer, he does not seem to have had his mind disturbed 
by farming operations at Heath, and the house and land 
were let to the Usher. The School under his management 
flourished. In a few years we find the Governors spending 
£14 16s. Od. "for globes &c." though the wonderful things 
contained in the " &c." will never be known. The thirsty 
souls on the premises were increased, for we find about £32 
expended on boring a well and erecting a pump. Perhaps 
in Mr. Hudson's time the birch-tree was planted by the 
Master's house, as twigs were in request. But Mr. Hudson 
was not satisfied : there was not sufficient attraction at 


Heath. The Governors seemed to have tiied to please him; 
for in July, 1773, there is an entrj in the Minute-book of 
this kind: — "The present Master and Usher behaving much 
to the satisfaction of us the Governors we agree to advance 
the Master's Salary to £50 per ann: and the Usher's to 
£30 per annum to commence the 24th June last". At a 
later period, "in consideration of the great increase of 
scholars ", six pounds were given tow^ard the salary of an 
additional Usher, "the Masters to provide a person and out 
of their salaries to pay him such further sum as may be 
necessary, in proportion to the number of foreigners each 
Master hath under his care "*. There must therefore have 
been a good number of Boarders. In 1 777 " Subscriptions 
towards improvements at the School " were received to the 
amount of £240t. The Governors were now so well off that 
they presented Mr. Hudson with " 3 pair Blankets " at the 
cost of £2 12s. 6d. ! What the improvements were we must 
imagine : whether they consisted in erecting the dormitories 
over the School-room or not, we cannot tell, but certainly 
£12 Is. Od. was spent on the School Chimney, and enlarging 
the Kitchen. But there was a stir; the golden age seemed 
coming for Heath : yet Mr. Hudson was not content. He 
thought he could better himself; and he was elected, April 
25th, 1782, Master of Hipperholme School, in place of the 
Rev. Eichard SutcliflPe, who had died on March 17th. He 
seems to have entered on his duties after the Midsummer 
holidays, as the Eev. Matthew Moss, the Usher, " ofiiciated as 
School Master " for some months, the School having probably 
but few scholars. On Jan. 15th, 1788, the Rev. Gougli 
Willis Kempson was elected Master on a Salary of £80 per 
annum. Money was now borrowed by the Governors at five 

* But the rent of the School-house was at the same time advanced £5 per amium. 
t In 1777-8 Bills were paid to the amount of over £300. 


per cent, interest, in addition to subscriptions of £126 odd. 
There is entered in tlie Accounts of Mar. 12tli " Cash for 
Plans and Estimates for erecting a new School-house 
£1 Is. Od.", and June 26th "Cash for rearing Free School 
House £1 Is. Od ". So that the present house was probably- 
erected in 1783, nearly 100 years ago. The Master himself 
*'laid out several hundred pounds in the improvement of 
the School and House and Premises thereto belonging ". 
But he resigned in 1788, the cause unknown; and the 
Governors allowed him the sum of £100 ^^as a consideration" 
for the outlay. 

On the death of Mr. Sutcliffe in 1782 the Eev. Eobert 
Wilkinson became Curate of LightcliflPe, entering on his duties 
on July 7th. I have not ascertained whether he was then 
a Graduate of a University, or whether^ he was connected 
with the neighbourhood. In 1787 he subscribes one guinea 
to the new set of Bells at the Parish Churcji and is put 
down under Hipperholme, He might have been resident 
in the Township or even Assistant Masterf at -the School. 
At any rate he was looked on as a competent man to fill the 
vacancy at Heath, and on Feb. 4th, 1789, he Was elected 
Master on a salary of £75 a year, which in 1797 was raised 
to £80. The School gained a celebrity under his tuition, 
and many " foreigners " resorted to it. At one time the 
number was so great that several boarded at a house at 
Moor-bottom, which was pulled down a few years ago. I 
once heard an old pupil say that there were a hundred 
scholars at the School, but most of them were boarders. 
Houses however were wonderfully elastic in those days ! 

Mr. Wilkinson had probably entered his name on the 
books of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, which enabled him after 

* I have heard it said that he was a Cumberland man. 
t I have been told that he was Second Master. 


ten years, on satisfying the authorities that he had devoted 
himself to the study of Theology, to take the Degree of 
B.D., without going through the usual course of residence at 
the University. Having thus obtained a Degree in 1790, he 
proceeded no higher in Divinity, and devoted himself to the 
duties of his Mastership. For many years the School had a 
great notoriety in the West Riding ; and there was a rivalry 
between Heath and Hipperholme, the latter claiming a sup- 
eriority in " manners " and the former in " brains ". In 1826 
notwithstanding the age of the Master there were several 
boarders and about 35 free scholars. But for some years 
before his death, which took place at the end of 1839, there 
were very few scholars ; and one of them tells me that all 
the time was wasted for the three years he was at the School. 
Mr. Hudson had also given up Boarders at Hipperholme. 
Both Schools consequently ceased to attract any scholars 
from a distance for classical education, and became more 
or less local Schools. Mr. Hudson died in 1835 and Mr. 
Wilkinson in 1839 ; the former had been Lecturer at the Parish 
Church for 65 years, and the latter Curate of Lightclifi'e 
for 57 years. It is no wonder then that their names should 
have once been as Household Words in the Parish. Mr. 
Wilkinson continued in harness till almost the last moment 
of his life. He was able to attend a dinner given him in 
the Town by some lifty of his old pupils on Dec. 19th, 1839, 
and in ten days after he breathed his last. On Dec. 3rd 
the Governors, who had for some cause allowed him and 
his predecessor to appoint the Usher, had resolved to adhere 
to the Statutes for the future and to make the election 
themselves. This proceeding, which probably concealed some 
dissatisfaction, and the excitement of the Dinner, may have 
hastened his end. He was buried on Jan. 7tli in Lightclifl'e 
Churchyard. A tablet was erected to his memory in the 


Parish Church over the North entrance. The Latin 
Inscription on it was written by Dr. Lonsdale, Principal of 
King's College, London, and afterwards Bishop of Lichfield, 
who before he went to Eton was a pupil of Heath School. 
Dr. Lonsdale left his name behind him on a pane of the 
old windows of the School, which were removed in 1861, 
and on the old Organ Gallery of the Parish Church. 

I have about 150 names of pupils who were under him, 
which were scribbled in the old Dictionaries that I have 
mentioned, and a few of those pupils are still alive. 

The Statutes fixed a period of 6 weeks after a vacancy 
of the Mastership, within which a new Master was to be 
appointed, and in the beginning of February, 1840, the choice 
of the Governors lighted on Edward Sleap, M.A., of Brasenose 
College, Oxford. He, however, being a Bachelor and 
frightened at having to become a house-keeper, immediately 
resigned on seeing the House. In a few days after, the 
late Archdeacon Musgrave wrote to the Rev. John Henry 
Gooch, M.A., who was next best candidate ; and he accepted 
the office, and was elected on Feb. 24th. He had been a 
scholar of Trinity College, Cambridge, and was at the time 
one of the Masters at Wakefield Proprietary School, under 
the Rev. Dr. Butterton. Having commenced his duties there, 
he 'was unable to enter at once on those of Heath School ; 
but, as there were no scholars at the death of the late 
Master and the house required much to be done to it, he 
was allowed to put off residence until July. During the 
first half-year he entered 34 pupils, and gradually increased 
the number until he had in 1854 more than 70. Many of 
his pupils went to the University, and several were successful 
Candidates for the Milner Scholarship. In 1841 he had 
been appointed to the New Parochial district of Stainland, 
but for some time exchanged duties with the Lecturer of the 
Parish Church, Mr. Gilderdale, who resided at Hudderstield, 


He died in July, 1861*, and was succeeded by the Rev. 
Thomas Cox, M.A., who was formerly scholar of St. John's 
College, Cambridge. He entered on his duties in October. 
He found 27 boys in the school, which were increased to 38 
by the end of the year. Gradually the School increased 
to 68, when in 1875 the New Scheme promulgated by the 
Endowed School Commission came into operation. This has 
hitherto lessened the numbers, as the Fees were considerably 
increased and boys had to leave the School at the age of 
14, unless they were fit for the higher teaching of the Head 
Master. Several boys went to the University, among whom 
were a Senior Classic of 1870 and a successful Candidate 
for the Milner Scholarship. Mr. Cox has been Lecturer of 
the Parish Church since August 1871, having been appointed 
to the post by Archdeacon Musgrave, so that, as he said, 
some position might be given to the Master of the School. 

Prior to Mr. Gooch's time nothing seemed to have been 
taught but Latin and Greek. He however boldly introduced 
Mathematics in all their branches. To these Mr. Cox added 
a systematic study of English Literature and the French 
Language, and a more extensive acquaintance with Divinity. 
The New Scheme provides for Drawing, Drill, Science, 
Chemistry, and other subjects ; and it is to be hoped that 
when it comes fully into operation on the completion of the 
New Buildings, the School will be found inferior to none 
in the West Eiding. 

The History of the School will not be complete without 
something being said about the efforts of Mr. Cox to raise 
the position of the School in the eyes of the general jjublic. 
So little was it regarded that the Local Newspapers would 
not for several years after his appointment admit a paragraph 

* Shortly after his death a stained-glass -window was erected by former pupils 
and friends to his memory in the Holdsworth Chapel at the Paiish Church. The 
^■ubject is Christ among the doctors in the temple. 


about the proceedings on the day of delivery of the prizes, 
unless it was paid for as an advertisement ; but at last they 
yielded and even sent reporters. The examination of the 
boys was conducted at Midsummer and Christmas by the 
Masters, until 1866, when the Governors were induced to 
provide a special Examiner for the Summer Examination. 
They also out of their own pockets provided two valuable 
prizes for Classics, and Archdeacon Musgrave two of equal 
value for Divinity. The Rev. J. H. Warneford also gave 
three prizes for the encouragment of boys under thirteen 
years of age in Divinity, English Literature, and Arithmetic. 
These were in addition to those given by the Masters. But 
from circumstances, which need not be mentioned, these all 
ceased when the New Scheme was acted on; and prizes are 
now annually given from the School Funds ; though the 
Governors formerly thought that they were not allowed to 
provide them from such a source. 

Such is the uneventful history of Heath School. There 
is no record of the honest efforts of the Masters to make 
their pupils into scholars in the best sense of the word. 
It is impossible to tell the good which each produced in 
his own day. But I have no doubt that the experience of 
most was the same as my own. I have had the most com- 
plimentary letters from parents, and the most grateful letters 
from pupils. Many, whom circumstances in after life have 
brought into the neighbourhood, have called on me, and 
some have gone out of their way even 50 miles to spend an 
hour at the School. Many remarks which I have made have 
produced an effect which I never thought of at the time 
that I made them, and no examination could possibly have 
brought out their advantage; yet they have influenced for 
ever the lives of those who heard them. But I am also 
bound to say that I have received from the parents of some 
the bitterest letters that could ever have been written. 


I sliall say nothing at present abont the Report of " The 
Schools' Inqnirj Commission ", besides mentioning the in- 
sertion in it of a long letter from Mr. Cox, which was 
considered very valuable. I have taken the following 
complimentary extracts from the General Report. 

"It will be seen by reference to the Report on Halifax, 
that the interests of the majority of the scholars are not 
always sacrificed to those of the few who are going to College. 
The whole are taught together ; all share in the supervision 
of the Head Master ; and the whole teaching resources of the 
School are available for every boy. Some are far advanced 
in Classical learning ; while the rest are receiving an Education 
in all respects adapted to their wants, and more liberal in 
its character than that of a Commercial School." 

"At Halifax great attention has been devoted by the 
Head Master to English Literature ; and the result has been 
most satisfactory. The following passage occurs in the 
Report of the Rev. H. G. Robinson (the Examiner of the 
School) ; and my own observation fully bears out his 
testimony : — ' I may refer to the Papers in English Literature, 
as giving evidence of careful teaching and intelligent 
study. . . A very considerable number of boys showed a 
really good knowledge of the subjects.' " — Vol. ix. p. 120. 

"All the ordinary school lessons, the task-work, and 
written exercises, struck me as being much above the average, 
both as to the skill with which they had been devised, and 
the accuracy with which they were performed. . . . There 
is evidence of great diligence in study The dis- 
cipline of the School is excellent." — Vol. xviii. p. 103. 

" ' The old order changeth ', but the old School by no 
means fades from the memory and affection of whilom 
scholars ". — (Extract from a letter of an old pupil.) 



THE Statutes, by which for the most part the School 
was governed until 1875, are said to have been drawn 
up by Dr. Hayter, afterwards Bishop of Norwich. In 1727 
the Rev. Thomas Hayter was Secretar}'^ to the Archbishop 
of York, and carried on the correspondence on behalf of 
His Grace with R. Sterne Esq, J.P., when the Archbishop 
as Visitor of the School was prayed to nominate a new set of 
Governors. Mr. Hayter told him in 1729, after the new Charter 
was obtained, that it was for want of Statutes that the 
difficulty had arisen at Heath School, as if there had never 
been any before^, and that His Grace would send " a complete 
Body of Statutes " as soon as he was informed of certain 
particulars which he required. He did so in 1730 or 1731* 
But in BrearclifPe's MSS. there exist certain " Statutes or 
Orders to be observed in the Free Grammar School of Queen 
Elizabeth erected for the Vicarage of Halifax ". By whom 
they were drawn up is not known, but they are so curious 
that they are worth insertion. The bad spelling, the utter 
disregard paid to stops, the numerous abbreviations, and 
a peculiar kind of short-hand, make them often very difficult 
to interpret or decipher, so that I am not sure always of 
the words. I think however that I have succeeded in every 
case but one. 

1 " We the present Governors considering the necessity of statutes to be made 
without which we do adjudge, and have by experience found the School to be 

maimed and imperfect in itself do ordain and decree &o." So say the 

Statutes, as if they had emanated from the Governors. 


1. The schoolmaster must be painful in teaching his 
scholars, a man fearing God, zealous of the truth, of a godly 
conversation^, not partial, diligent to train up his scholars 
not only in other learning and moral virtue, but also in the 
principles of Christian religion and farther understanding 
of the Holy Scriptures. 

2. The Usher of the School shall be a man sound in 
religion, sober in life, able to train up the scholars in learning 
and good manners, obedient to the School-master in all things 
concerning his office for his manner of teaching and correcting, 
and shall take upon him the regiment^ of the whole School 
in the absence of the Master, and then supply his office both 
in teaching and correcting. 

3. The scholars must endeavour^ themselves to serve God, 
obey their parents and masters, and be of a sober behaviour 
toward all men, whose particular duties be all following: — 

(1). That upon the Lord's day and appointed Holydays 
they come reverently and in due time unto the Church, 
take a convenient place, hear attentively the Word of God, lay 
it up in their memories, abuse not those days in play or 
other vanities ; they meditate of the Word and practice it 
in their lives, pray and praise God publicly in the congregation 
and privately in their own habitations. 

(2). That they take not God's Name in vain by swearing 
in their ordinary communication, by forswearing, cursing 
themselves or others, lying, laughing, and vain sporting, idle 
and light use of God's titles, works, and Word. 

2 ' Conversation ', as in the Bible, always means ' conduct ', never * language ', 
which was ' Communication ' as in No. (2). 

3. i. e. regimen, or government, as Bacon calls his Essay XXX. " Of Begiment 
of Health ". 

4. This expression ' to endeavour oneself ' is very common at this time. " That 

we may daily endeavour ourselves to follow " (Coll : for 2 S. aft. Easter) ,- 

" they will evermore endeavour themselves to observe " ( Order of Confirmation) ; 
"I will endeavour myself" (The Ordering of Beacons). 


(3). That they rise early in the morning, reverence their 
parents, love and obey both father and mother, and give 
good example to the whole family. 

(4). That they come early to the School without lingering, 
play, or noise by the way, saluting those they meet, bareheaded. 

(5). When the Master or Usher or any stranger entereth 
into the School, that they salute them, rising up dutifully, 
and presently sit down again with silence and applyS their 

(6). That they wander not up and down in the School, 
but rest orderly in their appointed place, labour their morning 
task and appointed lectures with great diligence, striving 
rather for high commendations of their Master and strangers 
than for rebuke and blame. 

(7). They must join with the Master and Usher both 
morning and evening in prayer for remission of sins, accept- 
ation in Christ, direction by the Spiiit to illuminate their 
understanding, enlarge their capacities, certify their judg- 
ments, and confirm their memories ; and hear some chapters 
daily out of the Old and New Testament read publicly in 
the school with all reverence and attention, that they may 
repeat the principal contents thereof, if they be called forth by 
the Master ; and sing daily some place '^ of David in metre to 
the praise of God for all his mercies with feeling understanding 
and spiritual rejoicing, with thanks unto God for the founder 
of the School, and the good benefactors. 

5. We should now rather say " apply to their books ", In No. (8) we have 
•'apply their lecture". So in an old Book called "The Schoole of Vertue^' 
(a.d. 1557). "Thy bokes take out, thy lesson then leame, Humbly thy selfe 
Behave and governe. Therein takying payne, with all thine industrye, Learnynge 
to get, thy boke well applye ". " Apply your study earnestly ". (Sii- H. Sidney, 
A.D. 1566). 

6. i. e. passage, as in the i^hrase "Common places of a book". One of the 
books used in Schools in 1612 was "The Psalms in Metre", "because children 
will learn that book with most readiness and delight through the running of the 
metre, as it is found by experience ". (Brinsley). 


(8). The scholars under the Usher must learn perfectly the 
grounds of the Latin tongue accordmg to the Accidence^ and 
Grammar, skill to decline their nouns, know the declensions, 
case, genders, and numbers ; to join substantive and adjective 

together accordingly, to conjugate their verbs ^ all moods 

and tenses with understanding; to understand the concords 
and conjunctions of all parts of speech, and apply their 
lectures in Colo Corderius9« and the like authors perfectly 
to the Grammar rule, which being learned by long practice 
the most days have one hour given to learn to write and be 
overseen and instructed by the Usher or some at his appoint- 
ment, that when they can write a legible hand they may 
from the Usher be promoted to the Master's teaching. 

(9). The scholars under the Master must all speak the 
Latin tongue ; the lowest form learn to translate their 
lectures into English, and out of the English read them 
again in Latin; the next form be reading Tully,^^ Terence, 
and other classic authors, learn to indite epistles scholarlike, 
first in English, then in Latin, and learn to make themes 
with good phrase; the next form beside themes must read 
poetry, make verses with Ovid and Virgil, join Caesar's 
Commentaries, TuUy's Orations, and Greek Grammar; and 
the highest form beside Virgil and Ovid and Terence for 

7. That part of Grammar which relates to the outward form of words was till 
recently called " The Accidence ", as opposed to the essence of Language. In the 
Statutes of St. Olave's School, Southwark, we find " As well in Grammar as in 
Accidence and other Low Books ". 

8. Here is a word which I cannot decipher. It is certainly not "thorow" as 
" Our Local Portfolio " makes it. 

9a i. e. in " Colloquiis Corderii", a series of dialogues in Latin drawn up for 
the use of Schools. I have seen mention of an edition as late as 1706 by a 
Master of Eton School. 

96 TuUy was the name by which Cicero was generally spoken of in former dayp. 


Latin must read the Greek Testament Greek HoracelOa 
Hesiod or Homer, the Hebrew Grammar, lo^ and be entered 
into Logic, make orations, Greek verses, be able to refer 
their phrases to the places in their authors. 

(10). All the scholars under the Master (if Thursdayll be 
a play-day) must on Friday in the morning bring epistles 
with good invention, orthography, and disposition, the lowest 
form in English, the two next in Latin ; the first form every 
third Friday in verse, every second Friday in Greek prose. 

(11). No scholar or scholars of what degree so ever shall 
absent himself from School any day, especially the day 
either now or after to be appointed for exercisesl2, without 
special licence first obtained of the Master, and a true 
testimonial per the hands of his parents for his absence that 
day, and for the first and second time of absence he shall 
be corrected with a rod; if he be absent the third time he 
shall be expelled the School. [No. (12) is omitted; or else 
the following are wrongly numbered.] 

lOa Brearcliffe has here made some mistake: I think it should be " Poets ^' 
instead of " Horace ". It is singular that even in the Old Statutes of Harrow 
School, no Greek Poet but Hesiod is mentioned. 

106 Never was the Hebrew Language more cultivated than in the 17th 
century. The celebrated John Milner taught his son Hebrew at an age when 
others were only beginning Latin. 

11. In the Statutes of Sandwich School, a.d. 1580, it was appointed that every 
Thursday after dinner [which was early then, so that boys came to School after 
dinner at one o'clock], when a certain specified thing was done, the children were 
to be dismissed to play. In the Statutes of Merchant Taylors' School, a.d. 1561, 
the holiday is to be on Tuesday in the afternoon or Thursday. I mention this 
because an attempt has been made to fix these Statutes of Heath to a time 
subsequent to 1647, when the second Thursday in every month was by law set 
apart for recreation. But it was evidently the usual day at an earlier period ; for 
in a book published in 1612 it is recommended that the afternoon holiday should 
be " either the Thursday after the usual custom or according to the best oppor- 
tunity of the place ". 

12. The Exercises or Prophesyings were held on the last Wednesday in each 
month. They consisted of Sermons by one or more preachers, which were 
generally discussed by the clergy after the laity had retired. 


(13). If any scholar shall run or go out of School at any 
time into the town or fields without leave first obtained of 
the Master, upon his return he shall be severely punished 
or taxed by his Master. 

(14). If any scholar shall give, buy, sell, or change his 
books, apparel, or any other thing, or filch or steal any 
thing out of the School, he shall be severely punished : if 
he be convincedi^ of any like fault the second time, he 
shall be expelled the School. 

(15). They must ever have books, pen, paper, and ink in 
readiness, and not rent^^ or lose their books but handsomely 
carry and recarry them. 

(16). If any scholar use railing, wrangling, fighting, giving 
by-names, or offer any the like abuse to his fellows^^ or any 
stranger in the ways, he shall be severely punished, and if 
he continue thus to molest and harm others, he shall be 
expelled the School. 

(17). If any scholar brave out contempt against his Master 
or the Usher, or give out evil words, or be repugnant and 
refractory to their commandments and rebelliously withstand 
their correction, or complain of correction moderately given, 
or tell abroad who are corrected in the School ; if he do 
not presently humble himself and obey the Master and Usher, 
he shall be expelled the School. 

(18). If any scholar shall go undecently in his apparel, and 
not carry himself reverently in his gesture, words, and deeds, 
or use long hair on his head^^ undecently or come with face 

13. i.e. "Convicted" as we should now say. See John viii. 46. "Which of 
you convinceth me of sin ? " 

14. " Kent " was formerly used where we now say " Rend '". 

15. i.e. "Companions". "The virgins that be her fellows shall bear her 
company". Ps. XLV. (Prayerbook Version). 

16. In " The Book of Demeanor " a.d. 1557 we have : — 

" Thy head let that be kembd and trimd, let not thy haire be long, 
It is unseemly to the eyes, rebuked by the tongue ". 

I cannot help inserting an amusing direction at the Grammar School of 
Lewisham. The boys were not " to wear long cuiied, frizzled or powdered, or 


and hands unwashed, he shall be severely punished, and 
upon the second admonition, if he do not reform, he shall 
be expelled the School. 

(19). If any scholar upon due proof first had shall findi7 
either altogether negligent or uncapable of learning, at the 
discretion of the Master he shall be returned to his friends 
to be brought up in some other honest trade and exercise 
of life. 

(20). Finally there shall be two prepositors or monitors 
appointed weekly or longer at the Master's discretion for 
order and quietness, both in the Church on the holyday and 
daily in the School and abroad in the town and highways, 
to set down the faults committed by the scholars without 
any partiality, and to present their billsl^ to the Master and 
Usher when they call for them ; if they fail herein, they must 
be punished for the faults committed by others, and what 
scholar so ever doth not obey these monitors, he shall be 
subject to the severe censure of the Master or Usher. 

Such are the Statutes preserved by Brearcliffe : but as 
appears from note 1, p. 49, they seem to have, unknown 
in 1730. Even if they had been known, they would not 

Euffin-like hair, but shall cut their hair and wear it in such sort and manner that 
both the beauty of their foreheads may be seen, and that tlieir hair shall not grow 
longer than above one inch below the lowest tips of their ears ". The School was 
founded in 1647. 

17. So in Brearcliffe. It may be an error for " be found ", but yet " find " may 
be used as a neuter verb, though I do not remember an instance. This regulation 
often occurs in old Statutes ; for instance in those of Harrow School : — " Those 
who are unapt to learn shall after one year's pains taken with them to small profit 
be removed from the School ". " Trade " is not used as we use it now : it simply 
means " course of life '', as could be abundantly illustrated. I may mention the 
•'Trade Winds" as meaning "the regular or usual Winds", and not "Winds 
suitable for trade ". 

18 i. e. the records of the faults committed. 


have answered the requirements of the Archbishop, for it 
was through the neglect of the Governors that the School 
had nearly lost its Charter. New Statutes were consequently- 
required which should define the duties of the Governors. 
No doubt a draft copy came from His Grace which they 
discussed and altered and returned to Bishopthorpe, and 
then they received the "authentic seal" of the Archbishop, 
as allowed by him. More than two-thirds of them refer to 
the duties of the Governors, which are fully detailed. It is 
not necessary to mention any of the regulations referring to 
them; but a few particulars may be welcome concerning 
the others. The Master was to be well affected to the present 
settlement in Church and State, (^. e. in 1730), to have been 
a student at Oxford or Cambridge for five* years at least, 
and to be well skilled, especially in Grammar and the Latin 
and Greek tongues. He was to instruct his scholars in the 
grounds of religion, and to take to church such as lived in 
or near his house ; and every Saturday to examine them 
in the Church Catechism. He was to read to them, in Latin, 
Phsedrus, Nepos, Csesar, Terence, Livy, TuUy, Ovid, Virgil, 
and Horace ; in Greek, the Greek Testament, Xenophon, 
Isocrates, Demosthenes, Hesiod, Homer, and Sophocles. He 
was no longer expected to teach Logic, or Hebrew ; and 
the number of Latin and Greek writers was much enlarged. 
He was however still to "inform his youth in good nature 
and good manners ", to teach them " to reverence their 
betters in all places, to be courteous in speech to all men, 
in their apparel always cleanly, and in their whole carriage 
joining decency with modesty, and good manners with good 

* I do not understand why five years should be fixed on, for the degree of B.A. 
was conferred about tbree years and a half after entrance ; unless at the date of 
the Statutes further residence was required for the degree of M.A. 


learning". Besides the ordinary Grrammar, the Usher was 
to read to his pupils the Sententise pueriles, Cato"^, and 
-^sop's Fables. 

The Master could be absent only twenty days a year and 
the Usher sixteen; they might take those days ^^at once or 
separately", but both were not to be absent together. I 
suppose this must have been in addition to the fixed 

The School-hours were from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. between 
March 10th and October 10th, and from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. 
the remainder of the year, with a rest between 11 and 1. 

The vacations were to be for 15 days at Easter, 10 at 
Whitsuntide, and 21 at Christmas. 

There were considerable alterations made in these Statutes 
in 1842. The Greek and Latin Authors were to be such 
as were approved of by the Governors from time to time. 
The Usher was to take such part of the Education as should 
be prescribed by the Master, subject to the sanction and 
control of the Governors. The Masters were to be at liberty 
to absent themselves during the Vacations (as if the Governors 
had supposed that throughout the year one or other was 
to be present at the School). The attendance was to be 
from 9 to 12, and from 2 to 5. The number of Free Scholars 
was limited to 60. 

In 1873 new regulations were drawn up by the Endowed 
Schools' Commissioners, and are now in force. 

* ' Cato ' was the title of a Book on " Good Manners " : it consisted principally 
of some couplets in Latin Hexameter verse on various duties of the young. It 
was a favourite book with schoolmasters in the Middle Ages. Its author, and the 
time of its production, are quite unknown. Chaucer quotes it. Caxton printed a 
Translation of it. 

t This is especially provided for at some Schools, e. gr. at St. Bees, by the 
insertion of "except" hifore the fixed holidays ; at others, by stating "at such 
time as School is kept ", or similar language. 


The subjects of instruction fixed by them are, in the 
Junior Department, English Grammar, Composition, and 
Literature ; Arithmetic ; Elements of Algebra and Geometry ; 
History ; Geography ; Latin ; Some modern language other 
than English ; Natural Science ; Drawing ; Vocal Music : 
and in the Senior Department, Greek, and Mathematics, 
in addition. 



ALTHOUGH mention has already been made of the 
Masters so far as they affect the history of the School, 
it will perhaps not be amiss to collect together all that is 
known of them, partly for the sake of those who take an 
interest in the School, and partly that others may be guided 
in their search for additional information about it. Before 
Newspapers afforded facilities for advertising, the Governors 
would have to make enquiry among their friends for a suitable 
candidate; or some member of a College, hearing of the 
vacancy, would recommend a young friend to the Governors. 
Hence we see many local names among the early Masters. 
The qualification of a Master according to the Charter was, 
that he should be "a meet man learned and cunning* which 
'^hath been student in one of the Universities of this realm 
"of England the space of five years at the least and hath 
"profited in learning". As this part of Yorkshire seems 
to have preferred Oxford to Cambridge in Elizabeth's reign 
and that of James, most of the early Masters, (and the 
contemporary Vicars too,) were Oxford men. It is doubtful 
whether they had been students at either University for 

* The substantive "cunning" was a good old Englisli word, meaning " skill". 
Every body knows the phrase in the Psalms, " Let my right hand forget her 
cunning" ! i. e. skill in playing on the harp. By the Statutes of Stockport School 
the Master is required to " be a discrete man and conning in Gramer and be able 
of connyng to teche Gramer ". 


five years ; but they must so far have profited by their 
residence there, as to be fit to prepare others to become 
University students. In fact Learning was then a business, 
and no one was fit to practise it, until he had gone through 
a certain course in a manner satisfactory to the Authorities 
of the Universities. It is singular that nothing is said of 
the necessity of the Master being in Holy Orders, as was 
generally the case in Grammar Schools ; nor can we tell 
whether the early Masters were so, as it was not the practice 
then to put " Rev." before the names of clergymen. Mr. 
Greenwood in 1651 is the first, of whom we can positively 
say that he was ordained. In the Registers of the time 
Mr.*, i. e., ' Magister ' seems put only before Graduates of 
the University, whether clerical or lay, and the landed 
Gentry ; a clergyman being more especially designated by 
' clericus ' or ' clerk ', put after his name. At first, the 
Schoolmaster was called ' informator ', and his duty was 
' to inform ', i. e., to form or train his pupils to learning or 
good manners : afterwards he is called ' ludimagister ' or 
' schoolmaster ', i. e., master or head of the school. It was 
the Master's duty to read Authors tof his pupils, and call 
on them to repeat to him what he had taught them, as 
books were scarce. Hence it was that an Usher was required 
to prepare the pupils for profiting by the Master's teaching. 
I will now proceed to give some account of the Masters. 

* " He shall be called Maater, vrhich is the title that men give to esquires and 
gentlemen, and be reported ever after ". (Harrison, abt. 1577). " He could not 
be reckoned among the gentry, though he was called by the name of Mr. Lomax ". 
( Memoirs of Colonel Hutchinson). 'Esquire' was not so common then as now: 
its use in 1602 may be seen from a passage in a Comedy of that date, called " The 
Beturn from Parnassus ", in which occurs the line, 

" They purchase lands, and now Esquiers are made ". 

t The Statutes of Sandwich School are very particular in stating what books 
each " form shall have read to them ". 


I. 1600—160.. RICHARD WILKINSON, B.A. 

This Master seems to have been elected August 20th, 
1600, according to a statement of the Governors before a 
Commission of Enquiry in a chancery suit in 1627. (L. P. 
CLII.) The letter of his Presentation to the Archbishop 
is dated Aug. 29th ; a copy of it is preserved in the Parish 
Registers, which I will give for the pupils to try their 
learning on. 

Presentatio Rich : Wilkinson ad officiii M" Inform- 
atoris ScholsG Vicariat : de Halifax. 
Reverendissimo in xpo patri ac dnd, dnu Matheo Archiepo 
Eboru, Anglise Primati et Metropolitano, v'ri humiles 
filii Gubernatores possessionu revenconu et bonoru Liberse 
Gramaticalis Scholse dnse Reginse Elizabeth in p'ochia 
et vicariatu de Halyfax in com : Eboru v'rseque Eboril 
dieces : Salutem in dno sempiterna. Ad Scholam 
Gramaticale p'dictam iam vacant' Richardu Wilkinson 
in artib^ baccalauriii p' nos electu ad officiii m'ri inform- 
atoris eiusde scholse domination! v'rse p'sentams humiliter 
rogantes ut p'dictii Richardu in magistru informatore 
Scholse p'dictse admittatis, ceteraq : oia et singula p'ficere 
et p'implere quse v'ro in hac p'te incubet officio, pastorali 
velitis cu favore, dat' apud Bradley in vicariatu p'dict' 
vicesimo nono die Augusti ao p'dictse d'nse n'rse Elizabeth 
Dei gra Anglise, ffrancise et hybernise Reginse fidei 
defensor' Quadragesimo secundo. In cuis rei testimoniil 
Sigillu n'rm comune apposuims die et anno supradictis. 

I know nothing more of this Master. His name was a 
very common one. There was a family of this name at 
Brackenbed, a member of which was Vicar of Halifax, 
1438-1480. There was another at Elland, connected with 
the Saviles, One member of it was great grandmother of 


Sir John Savile, and his sister Janet also married a William 
Wilkinson. Three of the Elland family, Henry, John, and 
William, were students at Oxford. Henry was afterwards 
Incumbent of Waddesdon, Bucks., and one of the Assembly 
of Divines, and John was Principal of Magdalen Hall, and 
afterwards of Magdalen College. He was appointed Tutor 
to Henry, Prince of Wales, when he matriculated at 
Magdalen College. There was another family of the name 
at Bradford. Euphemia, a daughter of Richard Wilkinson of 
this family, was married to George son of Robert Waterhouse 
of Harthill, and seems to have lived at Siddal. Another 
daughter of this Richard seems to have married William 
Rookes of Rookes' Hall, Hipperholme : their son Jonas 
became a Fellow of University College. 

I have found the following, but do not know whether 
any of them refers to our Master : — 

1594 Married Sep. 15, Rich: Wilkinson & Grace Whitwham. (P.E.) 

1598 „ July 14, Eich : Wilkinson & Dorothy Wilkinson. (P.E.) 

1608 ,, Feb. 7, Eichardus Wilkinson et Jana Eamsden. 

(Elland Eegister.) 

II. 160.— 1629. ROBERT BYRRON*. 

His name is also spelled in the Parish Register Byron 
and Birron, in Brearcliffe Burron, as well as Byrronf. There 
is also Biron, among the disbursements of money for the 
School, in L.P. CLI. In L.P. No. LV., there is a copy of an 
account of sums of money received by him, from which it 
appears that he was Master in 1603. He there signs himself 

* He may have been of a Halifax family, as there occurs in P.E. under 7 Feb. 
1000, the burial of " Thorns : Byron Hal". 

t There was a Curate of Sowerby at the end of the century whose name is 
written Baron, Barron, Berron, Burren, Burron, and Byron in the Waterhouse 
Charity Accounts. 


Married 1604, Oct. 16. [ ^«^^- ?i^^^" Informator Schol«. Gra. 
' (. Grace Deane (P.R.) 

Buried 1629, April 28. Robt. Birron Sk. publicse Scholso 

Gramatica.lis secundus a fundatione 

mag-ister. (P.E.) 

He is said to have given two books to the Parish Church 
Library"^, viz, " Aretinus Felinus {i. e. Martin Bucer) on the 
Psalms ", and " Thomas Aquinas on the Evangelists ". 

One Daniel Foxcroft, of Weetwood near Leeds, who was 
Mayor of Leeds in 1665 and died 1691, the son of Samuel 
Foxcroft and Grace Lister, married "Abigail, daughter of 
Mr. Birronf ". She might have been a relation of our 
Master. A Daniel Foxcroft acted as one of the Attorneys 
of the School in connection with the lands given by the 
Saviles, was a Churchwarden in 1599, a Subscriber of £3 
towards the completion of the School-buildings, and a 
Governor in 1607. A Daniel Foxcroft also gave £5 in 1635 
towards the Endowment. He is described as "living out 
of the Vicarage " ; also, " late of Ealand Hall, Gent ". One 
of the Wades married a Judith Foxcroft, of New Grange, 
near Leeds. 

IlL 1629—164.. FRANCIS COCKMAN. 

This Master seems strangely to have escaped the 

notice of Watson, although he is three times in the 

Parish Registers called ' ludimagister ' or ' publicus 

ludimagister \ His marriage is thus entered : — 

1 r^O A 9.4. ^ Francis Cockman publ. ludimag. 

^* ' \ Grace Ward per Liam. Skir. 

• This Library received a large number of Books from Simon Sterne, tli9 
Father of Kichard Sterne. They seem to have been principally presentation copies 
made by their authors to Abp. Sterne, his father. 

t See The Pedigree of Foxcroft in Ducatus Leodiensis. 


Six Children are mentioned as baptised between 1631 
and 164'3, Esther, Anna, Mary, John, Grace, and Thomas. 

There was a family at Lightcliffe of that name in 1649, 
for we find a Mr. Cockman rated to LightclifFe Chapel, as 
the occupier of a seat ; and it was Mr. Henry Hoile of 
Lightcliffe, who recommended Francis Cockman to R. 
Sunderland, a Governor of the School, as a suitable Master. 
The Registers also tell us of a Francis Cockman of Southowram 
in 1645 ; and of one Elizabeth Cockman of Southowram, 
buried in 1679 : also of the burial of the Widow of Richard 
Cockman of Warley in 1669. 

In conjunction with the Governors, H. Ramsden and 
R. Sunderland, in 1629, he signs a recommendation of one 
Mr. Crag for the office of Usher; and in 1634 he is thrice 
mentioned as witness to a document concerning the transfer 
of property to the Governors. (L.P. CLV, GLVI.) 

Thomas Cockman, Master of University College (1722- 
1744) was son of a Clergyman in Kent. I have also met 
with the marriage of the daughter of a John Cockman, M.D., 
about 1725 or so. 

IV. 16..— 1651. MARSH, or MARCH. 

Watson merely says " Master in 1649, as appears from 
the book belonging to Mr. Waterhouse's Trustees". 
In this book I find the following two entries : — 

1649 "Paid to Mr. March Mayster of the ffre skoll". 

1650 " To Mr. Marshe Mr of ffreeschoole ". 

V. 1651*— 1666. PAUL GREENWOOD. 

The Greenwoods seem to have been as numerous in the 
Parish of Halifax as they are now. In the early part of 

* 1651 Dec. 24 "To Mr. Greenewood Mr of the freschoole £1 Os. Od." This 
eatry in the Waterhouse Charity Books shews that Watson was wrong iu giving 
1652 as the date of his appointment. 


the century a Charles Grreenwood, who had been fellow 
of University College, was a travelling Tutor to Thomas 
Wentworth, afterwards Earl of Strafford, and subsequently 
Rector of Thornhill from 1612 to 1644, and his friend and 
counsellor concerning his estates. He was also one of the 
trustees to whom the estates of the Earl, which had been 
lost by his attainture, were conveyed on their restoration 
by the King. He was a benefactor to University College. 
In 1635 he gave £20 to Heath School, and subsequently 
bequeathed money for a School at Heptonstall, by a will dated 
July 14th, 1642. There were also two Daniel Greenwoods 
of Sowerby, of whom I have already spoken, and others. 
But I do not find how our Master was connected with them. 
In 1654 he married one Judith Newton, and had several 
children, mentioned in P.E. There is a daughter of one 
Mr. Paul Greenwood of Methley, mentioned as buried at 
Halifax in 1670. But I do not find that our Master was 
connected with Methley at all. He is mentioned in 1658 
and 1664 as Curate of Illingworth. He resigned the Master- 
ship on being appointed to the Vicarage of Dewsbury, to 
which he was instituted May 29th, 1666'^. He died Feb. 1st, 
1667-8. The only mention I have found of him is that on 
Jan. 31st, 1659, he preached a sermon at the funeral of Jonas 
Hemingway of Mytholme, an abstract of which in shorthand 
is still presei-ved at Shibden Hall. 

VI. 1666—1688. JOHN DOUGHTY. 

There are several Doughtys mentioned in connection with 
Ovenden ; for instance Michael, whose name occurs in Dr. 
Favour's first list of subscribers to the School; and John, 

* Here again Watson is wrong in his date. He appears in the Waterhonse 
Charity Books as " maister of ye ffroeschool " under Dec. 30, 10G5, though Watson 
says he resigned in 1664. 


who is mentioned as being of the University of Oxford in 
1640. There was also a John Doughtj-, fellow of Merton 
College in 1618, which may be the same as the preceding. 
A John Doughty graduated B.A. at Cambridge in 1663, 
being of Caius College : but there is nothing to shew whether 
our Master was an Oxford or Cambridge man. The entries 
in P.R. which relate to him are : — 

Bap. 1668 Feb. 22") t tv/t,-; t -n i ^ oi • 

Buried „ Mar. 7 j Jana Mn. Jo : Doughty Skircoat 

„ 1 669 Oct. 31 Ux : [i.e. wife] Mri- Jo : Doughty Skircoat 

„ 1688 Oct. 14 Mr- Jones Doughty de Skircote Ludi 

He received his last payment from the Waterhouse Charity 

on Sep. 5th, 1688. 

In 1681 a John Doughty, perhaps a relative, became Master 

of Repton School. 

Vri. 1688—1728. THOMAS LISTER, M.B*. 

There were several families of Lister in this neighbourhood, 
but I have not been able to connect him with any. There 
was a Craven family of the name, some of whom were noted 
physicians, but our Master does not appear in their pedigree. 

Thomas Lister graduated M.B. at Cambridge in 1688, 
being of Jesus College. Among the subscribers to new 
Almshouses for the Waterhouse Charity in 1724 are 
"Timothy Booth Is. Od. 

" Mr. Lister of freeschool 10s. Od.. 

I have said so much about him in the History, and in 
the account of Laurence Sterne, that I have nothing more 
to say here. The only entry in P.R. is, "Buried 1728, 
April 25, Mr. Thos. Lister, Skircoat, Schoolmaster". 

* The qualifications of the Master in Bristol School were " Master of Arts, a 
Bachelor of Laws or Physic, of two years standing ". 


A Thomas Lister, B.A., wiiom Wright calls M.A., was 
Curate of Southowram from 1718 to 1730, perhaps a relation. 
His successor's Licence at any rate bears date August 1730. 
(P.R.) He may have been a son of the Master. The 
signatures of the two in the Waterhouse Charity Accounts 
are very much alike; and the younger one signs for the 
elder in 1727. 

*»* Since the above was in type, I have seen a memorandum book of Mr. James 
Lister, of Shibdeu Hall, for 1703, in which ho says " Paid to Coz. Lister of free 
school . . . ten shillings ". I have also seen the Ledger of the principal 
Apothecary of Halifax, in which there are numerous accounts due from Thomas 
Lister of free school, and among them " Harry Scolfeild's bill ", he being probably 
a boarder. 


There were many Jacksons who held livings at Doncaster 
and the neighbourhood, Adel, Penistone, and Sowerby, just 
before his time. Two were named Christopher, one at 
Doncaster and one at Sowerby. Perhaps he was connected 
tvith their family. 

He soon resigned his post : and nothing more is found 
about him. Even his signature does not occur in the 
Waterhouse Charity Books. 

IX. 1731—1733. EDWARD TOPHAM, B.A. 

Topham seems to have been a common clerical name 
in Yorkshire. Seven of that name held livings in Craven 
within 100 years. The most celebrated one of that name 
was Francis Topham, LL.D., 1739, Dean of the Arches in 
York in the middle of the eighteenth centuryf. There was 
a monument in old Doncaster Church to an Edward Topham, 
who was born about 1752, and had been educated at 
Trinity College, Cambridge. 

* There was no Master from April 1728 to some time in 1730. 

t He was satirised by Laurence Sterne. See Fitzgerald's Life of Sterne. 


Our Master graduated B.A. at Cambridge in 1729, being 
of Trinity College, of which he afterwards became a Fellow. 
Wright gives Matthew as the name of our Master. It is 
singular that there was a Matthew Topham of St. John's, 
who graduated B.A. in 1727, and was consequently at St. 
John's when Wright was. Perhaps he was a relation and 
assisted Edward. 

Edward Topham, according to Watson, published a sermon 
preached in Selby Church, of which I know nothing. 

X. 1733— 1744. JOHN HOLDSWORTH, M.A. 

This Master may have been a relation of Thomas 
Holds worth, who had the Cure of Southowram from 1730 
to 1746. 

He was licenced Curate of Coley in Nov., 1733, but I 
do not know whether that was before or after his appoint- 
ment to the Mastership. He vacated that Cure on being 
appointed Lecturer of the Parish Church in July 1 740, , 
apparently on the resignation of the Eev. Fraacis Parratt*, 
who had been Lecturer for 50 years. He was married, 
for shortly after his death there appears in the Governors' 
accounts an entry of a sum of money paid to " Widdow 
Holdsworth ". 

His burial is thus entered in P.R. : — 
" 1744, Apr. 27., The Eev. John Holdsworth M.A. Lecturer 
and Master of the Free School of Halifax ". 

XI. 1744—1753. SAMUEL OGDEN, M.A. 

"June 11. Mr. Samuel Ogden was on the . . . day 
of this instant duly nominated. The said (S. 0.) has took 
his Corporall Oath." (Governors' Minute Book.) 

* Spelled Parrott, Parrot, Perrott, Parratt, Parrat. Mr. Holdsworth's Licence 
is dated July 8th, 17^0, but Mr. Parratt did not die till December 23rd, 1741. 
He spells the name himself Parratt in signiug a receipt. 


From a Chalk Drawing in the Master'' s Lodge, St. John^s College, Cambridge, 
by the kind permission of the Rev. W. II. Bateson, D.D. 



He was the most celebrated of all who became Masters 
of the School, and we have a good deal of information 
about him. He was born at Manchester, July 28th, 1716, 
the son of Thomas Ogden a dyer, and the grandson of an 
old Puritan Divine. He was educated at the Grammar 
School of Manchester, Henry Brooke of Oriel College being 
then Master. He went up to Cambridge in 1733 as subsizer^ 
of King's College, but in 1736 migrated to St. John's, where 
he became Scholar, and in March 1739 Fellow. He graduated 
B.A. 1737, M.A. 1741, B.D. 1748, D.D. 1753. He was 
appointed Curate of Coley when only in Deacon's Orders, 
in Feb. 1740-1 1, and Curate of Elland in June 1747. He 
was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Chester in June 1740, 
and Priest by the Bishop of Lincoln in November 1741. 
He resigned his Mastership in March 1753, and then went 
to reside on his Fellowship at St. John's, but he continued 
to hold the Curacy of Elland until 1762. His successor 
Avas George Burnet, whose Licence is dated Jan. 19th, 1762. 
Watson puts Burnet's appointment in Nov. 1747, but he 
probably became Ogden's deputy then. In 1753 the Duke 
of Newcastle, Chancellor of the University, visited Cambridge, 
and was present at the Disputation which Mr. Ogden con- 
ducted for his Degree of D.D. His Grace was so pleased 
with his performance, that he afterwards presented him 
to the Vicarage of Damerhani in Wiltshire, an appointment 
which he could hold with his Fellowship. In 1758 he 
published two sermons which he preached before the 

* A subsizer would be one of the lowest of the sizars, or waiters on the fellows. 
This institution helped to raise many men of greater wits than means to high 
positions in the University. 

t How little we can depend on printed books ! In a Memoir prefixed to his 
sermons by Dr. Hallifax he is spoken of as being elected Master in 1744, and 
then appointed to Coley, bu.t his Licence is dated 1740, according to the copy 
in P.R. Thoresby also says that he was afterwards appointed to Coley, 


University, and prefixed to tiiera "a handsome dedication" 
to His Grace. In 1764 he was appointed to the Woodwardian 
Professorship of Geology: it shews the sad state of things 
at that time, that he had to pay 100 guineas^ for his 
appointment. In 1765 and 1776 he was an unsuccessful 
Candidate for the Mastership of the College. In 1766 he 
exchanged the living of Damerham, which was so far from 
his beloved Cambridge, for the Rectory of Stansfield in 
Suffolk ; and in the same year was presented by his College 
to the Rectory of Lawford in Essex. He had never been 
an idle man : for some time, after he went to reside on his 
Fellowship, he had the charge of St. Sepulchre's Church 
in Cambridge, where he " was constantly attended by a 
numerous audience, consisting principally of the younger 
members of the University ". It is a pity that Halifax could 
not retain him, but Schoolmasters do not find much favour 
anywhere ; and it is a wonder that he stayed here so long 
as he did, for his income, varying with the proceeds of the 
School estates, was in 1744 only £36, in 1745 £37, in 1738 
£31 10s., and 1748 £30, though in the latter year the Governors 
gave him " liberty to let the School-house and lands ", he 
probably having a house at Elland to reside in. He had 
a paralytic stroke in 1777 and died March 22nd, 1778; he 
was buried in St. Sepulchre's Church. 

I will add to this a brief description of him, derived 
from Whitaker's edition of Thoresby's Ducatus Leodiensis. 
He was stout, athletic, sallow, stern, and had vivid black 
eyes. The tone of his voice was deep and solemn. His 
manner in preaching was impressive; his sentences were 
concise and pointed ; his style was of the purest taste. 
"He was one of those gifted orators who equally attract 
the learned and the illiterate; who are heard with equal 

* So savs Nichols ia his Literary Anecdotes, 


admiration and delight in the pulpit of a University or by 
a congregation of peasants^ ". Add to this what T have 
said in Chap. YIII. I have also found in the writings of a 
contemporary the following statements, worth preserving. 
After speaking of him as "a very eccentric character ", he 
says : — " He was a man of good property ; and, although in 
many instances very penurious, yet he was remarkably fond 
of good living, and had upon one occasion characterised the 
goose as a silly bird — too much for one, and not enough for 
two. He would dine out whenever he had an opportunity, but 
pleaded his age and infirmities for asking no one in return ". 

"He was always unsaccessful in his applications for pre- 
ferment. It was only his reputed wealth that made him 
a produceahle man, for he was singularly uncouth in his 
manner, and spoke his mind very freely upon all occasions ". 
" Prom the singularity of Dr. Ogden's manner, as well of 
his matter, he was very popular in the pulpit : he preached 
at the Round Church [i. e., St. Sepulchre's], which was 
always crowded. His successor in the parish was Dr. Hallifax, 
who affected his tone and manner of delivery, but did not 
succeed in attracting so numerous a congregation ". 

Dr. Hallifax published a volume of Dr. Ogden's sermons, 
which he had prepared for the press before his death. 
They are 52 in number, and so brief, that each would take 
about ten minutes to read aloud : in fact he had adopted 
the unusual method of reducing them to the smallest possible 
compass, so that the passages of Scripture which are quoted 
seem out of all proportion to the rest of the sermon. They 
were popular enough to be reprinted : indeed the copy which 
I possess is the Fourth Edition. In the Memoir prefixed 
to them Dr. Hallifax says : — " In common life there was 
a real or apparent rusticity attending his address, which 

* " The celebrated preacher, Dr. OgJen ". Nichols' Illustrations. 


disgusted those who were strangers to his character. But 
this prejudice soon wore oS, as the intimacy with him 
increased ; and notwithstanding the sternness and even 
ferocity he would sometimes throw into his countenance, he 
was in truth one of the most humane and tender-hearted 
men I have known". 

I will conclude this account with a bon mot attributed 
to him. One day he was at a dinner given by Lord 
Hardwick to the Authorities of the University, when a butler 
drew a bottle of pale brandy by mistake for champagne. 
The Doctor emptied his glass. His Lordship at once 
expressed his surprise that he had not noticed the mistake. 
" I did not remark it to you, my Lord ", said he, " because 
I felt it my duty to take whatever you thought proper to 
offer, if not with pleasure, at least in silence". 

" He published two sermons, preached before the University 
in 1758; one from 1 Thess. v. 13, on May 29th, being the 
anniversary of the Restoration of King Charles II; the 
other from Deut. iv. 6, on June 22nd, being the anniversary 
of His Majesty King George II". "He also published 
some sermons on the efficacy of Prayer and Intercession". 

" Soon after the death of his father in 1 766, he wrote 
a Latin Epitaph to his memory, and caused it to be fixed 
at his own expense on a marble tablet in the Collegiate 
Church in Manchester". 

XII. 1753—1771. THOMAS WEST, B.A. 

He was elected in April 1753, and sworn in on August 
22nd; he entered on his duties in September. He was in 
Orders, when elected. The only Graduate of the name, that 
I can find, was of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, B.A. 1736. 

A Thomas West was Curate of Luddenden from 1761 
to 1769, and of Ripponden from 1770 to 1795. The Ripponden 
Register says "The Rev. Mr. T. West A.B. entered to the 

^.T. 86. 

From ail Engraving in the possession <?/" Rev. James Hope, 
and by his kind permission. 



curacy of Eipponden 15 July 1770". On his gravestone 
he is mentioned as having died Nov. 1st, 1795, in the 82nd 
year of his age. His wife Mary died March 27th, 1784, 
in the 74th year of her age. 

Among the marriages in 1747, in P.R., we find "July 14, 
Tho : West, Clerk, and Mary Allenson Hal. Spr. ", so that 
he was probably resident in this neighbourhood before his 
appointment to Heath School. , 

XIII. 1771—1782. RICHAED HUDSON, M.A. 

He graduated B.A. at Cambridge in 1768, being of 
Queen's College. He was the Eighth Wrangler of his year, 
and became Fellow of his College. He proceeded M.A. in 
1771. In 1770 we find him Lecturer of the Parish Church; 
and on June 11th, 1771, he was elected Master of the School, 
an ofiice which he held until his election to Hipperholme 
School, April 25th, 1782. He removed there in the following 
June. He is mentioned in 1787 under Halifax as subscribing 
£5 5s. Od. to the New Bells at the Parish Church. He 
seems to have been connected with Hipperholme by birth. 
In 1739 one Rev. Thomas Hudson is described as "late of 
Hipperholme" in a tablet to the memory of a child buried 
at Coley. He became Master of Bingley School and died 
in 1756. He had another son Thomas who became Fellow 
of Christ's College, and was, if I am not mistaken, Vicar of 
Idle, and died Master of Bingley School, in 1785. He had 
also a daughter Martha, who was the second wife of the 
Rev. Richard Hartley, Vicar of Bingley. Their son, who 
was also named Richard, was Master of the School and 
Vicar of Bingley, and married as his second wife Martha, 
the daughter of our Master. But there are earlier notices 
of the Hudsons both at Bingley and Hipperholme. Thomas 
Hudson of Bingley brings before the Pious Uses Commission 
in 1619 notice of the will of Michael Broadley. Matthew 


Broadley the founder of the School at Hipperholme, had 

lands there, and Mr. Sunderland afterwards added to the 

endowment out of lands at Bingley, A Richard Hudson had 

a seat in Lightcliffe Church in 1634 ; and a Martha Hudson's 

name also occurs in a List of Missionary Subscriptions in 

1653j preserved by Brearciiffe. Hence "we may infer that 

when Richard Hudson left Heath for Hipperholme, he went 

there for the sake of old associations, many generations of 

his family having lived in that Township. He died March 

28th, 1835, and was buried at Coley. There is a Tablet to 

his memory in the Church, on which it is recorded that 

he was "Master of Hipperholme 53 years, C5 yrs Lecturer 

of Halifax, Incumbent of Bolderstone* n'' Sheffield, and Vicar 

of Cockerham n^^- Lancaster. Integer Vitse ". 

In P.R. 1661 Oct. 16. buried, "Eich: Rich: Hudson Hipp". 

„ 1727 June 11. married "Abraham Speight Clothi' & 
Drusillah Hudson of Hipperholme ". 

In 1731, Thomas Hudson had a lease (£9 per ann :) 
from the Waterhouse Charity, as appears in the Charity's 

In 1734, Thomas Hudson is a Trustee under Grace 

Ramsden's will by which lands in Bingley were given for 

a School in Elland. 

1746. Dec. 5, married at Lightcliffe, "Mr. Josh. Garthside 

and Mrs. Unice Hudson". 

1790. Jan. 21, buried at Coley, "Elizli Wife of Rich<l Hudson, 

Clerk, Hip". 

He was of Christ Church, Oxford, B.A., 1773; M.A., 1779. 
He was in Orders : he is styled Rev. as a subscriber to 
the Parish Church Bells of £1 Is. Od. in 1787. He was 

* Called also Bolsterstone, aud Bolterstone, near Woitley. 


"nominated and elected" Jan. 15tli, 1783, Mr. Moss^ having 
carried on the School from June to December 1782. He 
was evidently of an antiquarian family, as both Gough and 
Willis were celebrated antiquarians. He resigned his 
Mastership Dec. 11th, 1788. 

XV. 1789—1839. EGBERT WILKINSGNf. 

He was 'nominated' Dec. 18th, 1788, and 'elected' 
Feb. 4th, 1789, according to the Governors' Book. In 1790 
he was appointed Vicar of Darton near Barnsley on the death 
of Mr. Fisher in August, by Col. Beaumont. His salary 
was at first £75, afterwards increased to £80. In 1826, 
the Charity Commission recommended an increase to his 
salary, the Governors having been saving up money for 
other purposes ; they say " It appears to us, regard being 
had to the amount of the revenues and to the services of 
the present Master (to whose stipend no addition appears 
to have been made for upwards of thirty years) that he has 
a fair claim to a very considerable increase of salary, and 
that however commendable it may be to provide for the 
future prosperity, in point of revenue, of the charity, that 
object has in this instance obtained too exclusive a degree 
of attention, at the expense of him who is to be considered 
principally interested in the trust property, as tenant for 
life". (Crabtree, p. 177;. In March 1827 the Governors 

* I am told that the Eev. Anthony Moss, who was afterwards Curate of 
lUingworth, was one of the Masters of the School : but the Governors speak of a 
Bev. Matthew Moss, whose widow is mentioned in 1799 in their Books. 

t He was in Orders before 1777, for he signs a marriage certificate in P.E. on 
Jan. 5th, 1777, as "Assistant Curate of Lightchffe ". He became Curate of 
Lightcliffe in 1782, entering on the Curacy on July 7th. On July 15th, 1782, he 
married Sarah Eobinson of Hipperholme at the Parish Church. He is said to 
have been a native of Cumberland, which county he visited often ; but in Coley 
Register there occurs a baptism of a daughter of llobt. Wilkinson of Hipperholme 
in 1763, and a burial of Robt. Wilkinson of Shelfe in 1789, 


resolved that " the Mr. receive the whole Income of the 
Charity, deducting the actual expenses, and also receive the 
interest on sum reserved for contingencies . . . and exercise 
his discretion in the choice and payment of an Usher ". 

There is an account of the dinner given him just before 
his death in the Halifax Guardian of Dec. 21st, 1839. 

The Tablet erected to his memory in the Parish Church 
is as follows : — 

M. S. 

Eoberti Wilkinson S. T. B. 

Scholae Pvblicae in agro Skircotiano 

Annos plvs qvam L. 

Praefecti Optvmi. 

Vixit ann. LXXXVI. Decessit A. S. MDCCCXXXIX. 

• Et Sarae vxoris eivs praestantissimae. 

Vixit ann. LXXIII. Decessit A. S. MDCCCXXXIII. 
Erat ille si qvis alivs 
In pveris institvendis 
Strenvvs Solers Sanctvs. 
Haec vero in domestica discipvlorvm cvra 
Cvstos vniee fidelis 
Patrona benignissima 
Et tantvm non mater. 
Ossibvs amborvm in eodem sepvlcro 
Provt mvtvvm amorem decebat 

Alibi conditis 

Hoc monvmentvm pietatis ergo 

Grati alvmni 

P. C. 

All his old pupils speak highly of Mrs. Wilkinson, who 
is described in the epitaph as "tantum non mater", i. e., 
"■ all but a mother ". He had a large family. I have counted 
eight in the Lightcliffe Register, sons and daughters, but 
they died young except three (?) daughters, two of whom 
were married. 


From a Pkctography by t/ie kind permission of Mrs. Smith aw^ Miss GoocH, 

Photographed by T. Illincwokth, Halifax. 


XVI*. 1840—1861. JOHN HENRY GOOCH, M.A. 

Mr. Gooch was a native of SuiTolk, and educated by 
his father, until he went up to Trinity College, Cambridge, 
where he gained several Prizes and a Scholarship. He 
graduated B.A. in 1834, when he was 14th Wrangler, and 
in the 3rd class of the Classical Tripos. He became M.A. 
1837. From 1838 to 1840 he was Assistant Master at 
Wakefield Proprietary School, under the Eev. G. A. Butterton, 
B.D. He was for two years Incumbent of Alverthorpe, near 
Wakefield. By marrying the daughter of F. Maude, Esq., 
of Alverthorpe, he brought back into the parish of Halifax 
a descendant from the old family of the Maudes who lived 
in Stainland more than 300 years ago, a member of which 
family was Vicar of Wakefield in Dr. Favour's time, and 
figures in his subscription List. 

Mr. Gooch published a Sermon on the death of Mr. 
Atkinson, Curate of EUand; an Address to "the Halifax 
Church School Teachers' Association" in 1854; and a book 
on the Church Catechism for Schools, which reached a 
second edition in 1860. 

He died July 22nd, 1861, leaving behind him a widow, 
but no children. 


Mr. Cox received his education at Birmingham Grammar 
School under the Rev. Dr. Jeune (Late Bishop of Peterborough) 
and the Eev. Mr. Lee (Late Bishop of Manchester). He 
proceeded to St. John's College, Cambridge, where he gained 
several Prizes, and became a Foundation Scholar of the 
College and Sub-sacrist. He took his degree of B.A. in 
1845 and M.A. 1848. He was 35th Sen. Opt., and 5th in 

* Mr. Sleap's name is omitted from the list, as, though elected, he never took 
the Official Oath. 


the First Class of the Classical Tripos. He was one of the 
Masters at the Preston Grammar School from 1850 to 1857, 
and Principal of Avenham House School from 1858 to 1861. 
He was elected Master of Heath School, August 28th, 1861, 
out of 45 Candidates, and qualified September 18th. 

In July 1871 he was nominated by the Ven. Archdeacon 
Musgrave, Vicar of Halifax, to the office of Afternoon 
Lecturer at the Parish Church, an appointment by which 
he also acts as Chaplain to Waterhouse's Charity. 

He has published " Two Lectures on the state of Education 
in the Sixteenth Century", 1869 : and "Six Sermons delivered 
at the Parish Church, Hahfax", 1878. 

He has also delivered in Halifax Lectures on " Education 
in the Sixteenth Century ", " Universities and Degrees ", 
"The Tale of Troy Divine, illustrated by readings from 
Homer", "The Patron Saints of England, Scotland, and 
Ireland ", " The Dark Ages ", " Influence of the Church on 
the State prior to the Reformation", "The Amenities of 
Etymology ", " Words ", " The History of the Formation of 
the Book of Common Prayer ", " The Irruption of the 
Barbarians into Europe ", and some others. He also wrote 
the Address presented to the late Archdeacon Musgrave on 
completing his eightieth year, the inscription on the Verger's 
Mace presented to the Church by the Archdeacon's sons, 
the Libretto of Dr. Roberts' "Jonah", and Verses on the 
occasion of the public thanksgiving for the recovery of the 
Prince of Wales in 1872. 

The Election of the Master had to be confirmed by the 
Archbishop of York, until the new Scheme of the Endowed 
Schools Commission. I do not know whether the Master-elect 
had to appear in person before His Grace. The only trace 
of a " Presentation ", which I have found since that of the 


Photographed 1879 

Photogkaphf.d by T. Illingworth, Hal^ax. 


Fi.'st Master, is in an entry in the Governors' Books under 
1753: — "Drawing ye Presentation 3.. 6.", a lawyer's fee, 
probably. As I have already given the first, I will now 
give the last ^^Presentation". 

To the Most Eeverend Father in God Charles Thomas 
by Divine Providence Lord Archbishop of York primate 
of England and Metropolitan or to any person or persons 
having sufficient authority in this behalf. 

We the Governors of the Free Grammar School of Queen 
Elizabeth in the Parish and Vicarage of Halifax in the 
County of York the true and undoubted Patrons of the 
Mastership of the said Grammar School send Greeting. 

We present to your Grace our well beloved in Christ 
The Reverend Thomas Cox, Clerk, Master of Arts, (who 
hath been duly nominated and elected by us Master of the 
said Grammar School in the room of the Reverend John 
Henry Gooch Clerk, Master of Arts deceased the last Master 
thereof) for your Grace's approval as Master of the said 
School. And we do humbly pray that you would be graciously 
pleased to approve of such our nomination and election. 

In witness whereof we have hereunto affixed our Common 
Seal this twenty eighth day of August in the year of 
our Lord one thousand eijjht hundred and sixty one. 




16..— 1629 



Richard Wilkinson, B.A. 
Robert Byrron 
Francis Cockman 

March, or Marshe * 

Paul Greenwood 

John Doughty, M.A. 

Thomas Lister, M.B. 

(No Master) 

Christopher Jackson, B.A. 

Edward Topham, B.A. 

John Holdsworth, M.A. 

Samuel Ogden, M.A. 

Thomas "West, M.A. 

Richard Hudson, M.A. 

Gough Willis Kempson, M.A. 

Robert Wilkinson 

John Henry Gooch, M.A. 

Thomas Cox, M.A. 

Curate of Illingworth 

f Curate of Coley 
I Lecturer of Halifax 
f Curate of Coley 
I Curate of Elland 
f Curate of Luddenden 
( Curate of Ripponden 
Lecturer of Halifax 

( Curate of Lightcliffe 
I and Vicar of Darton 
Curate of Stainland 

Lecturer of Halifax 

Died, April, 1629 


Died, Oct , 1688 

Died, Apr., 1728 



Died, Apr., 1744 





Died, Dec, 1839 

Died, July, 1861 

* Mentioned in 1649 & 1650. 

Fac-similes of Autographs. 

As many persons feel an interest in Autographs, I lay 
before them a page for their gratification. All but Mr. 
Gooch's and Mr. Cox's are to be found in the Account 
Books of the Waterhouse Charity, appended to receipts for 
a sum of money bequeathed by Nathaniel Waterhouse to 
the School. R. Sterne and E. Taylor were the Governors 
appointed in 1730 to receive the sums payable to the estate. 
Since Mr. Wilkinson's time the bequest has been paid 
directly to the Governors. 



Sf.Skn^y. ^C^^O^ 

^-^(mtoO ^^^^rS^'?^^*^ J^^T^a^^^ 


Ja.yn-: (7 9c6e^(-. J1i'^'/n^\ 


J A^Tf^^a^^-Y^ t^jt' 


Years in which 2. USHERS*. 

their names are 

160. Hubert (L.P.) 

1629 Crag, a Graduate of Cambridge. (B.) 

1632 Robert Bolton, buried May 11th, 1632. (P.R.) 

1671 (?) Thomas Preston, described in P.R. as Ludimagister. 

1727 (?) Abraham Milnerf. 

1744.Tan.ll Richard SutcUffe, Curate of LightcUffe in 1752; Master of 
Hipperholme School before 1771; died 1782. 

1757 Fish. 

1759 Bland. 

1763 George Hutchinson, resigned. 

1770 July 2 David Sutcliffe, in orders before 1775. 

1782 Houghton. 

,, Matthew Moss, died about 1799. 

1818 Sutcliflfe ; afterwards Curate of Barton, under Mr. 

Wilkinson, and Master of Barnsley School. 

181 . Joseph Edwards ; afterwards a Master in King's College 

School, London. 

N.B. — There was no Usher appointed by the Governors 
for many years, Mr. Wilkinson receiving the whole Income 
and choosing and paying Assistants at his pleasure, so that 
it is doubtful whether the two preceding were really Ushers. 
In 1840, the Governors resumed their rights, which they 
exercised until the Scheme of the Endowed Schools Commission 

* Grammar Schools were generally provided with two Masters, technically 
called ' The Master ' and ' The Usher '. The latter had half the pay of the 
former, but the tenure of office was the same in both cases. I have never been 
able to trace the latter office to its origin. It was evident^ well established at the 
time of the Reformation. The word itself is of ecclesiastical origin, but there 
seems a confusion of two words Hostiarhis (a person who provided the bread for 
the Hostia) and Ostiarius (a person who kept the Ostium or door) ; the one has 
supplied the French Huissier, the other the English Usher. In schools, it denoted 
the Master, who had the charge of the younger pupils, sometimes called the 
Fettles or Pettites, and taught them the Latin Grammar. At Heath School, the 
Usher was appointed by the Governors, who, however, had to consult the Master 
as to his fitness for the post. 

t Richard Sterne in one of his letters in 1727 says " One Mr. Abraham Milner, 

a petty Schoolmaster, was concerned in getting subscriptions " fer the new 

Charter. I find in P.R. the following : — 

•MT • A -iHAn ^ of Abrm. Milner Schoolmaster 
Married 1740, Jan. 8 { ^^^ ^^^^ -^.^^^.^^ ^^1 Sp^._ 

Buried 1748, Aug. 28 { ^^"- ^^'^'''' ^^^- bookseller 

and Mary Milner his Wife. 


came into operation, from which time the appointment and 
dismissal of all Assistant Masters rest with the Head Master. 

Date of appointment. 




William Augustus Marsh, 


Pembroke Coll. 




Eev, Joshua Waltham, 


St. John's ,, 




John Gooch, 


Caius „ 




William Henry Parr, 


Catherine Hall 




Charles Wilmot Hardy, 


Trinity Coll. 




Frederick Kussell, 


,, ,, 




William Kirby, 


Jesus ,, 




David Bellamy, 


Catherine Hall 




John William Earnshaw, 


„ ,, 




Edward Carter, 


New Coll. 





John Cox Edwards, 


Emmanuel Coll 





William Chantler Whitehead, B.A. 

St. John's ,, 




James Mayo, 


Trinity „ 





William John Brookes 

The Office of Usher ceased to exist in 1876 on the resig- 
nation of Mr. Brookes. The following Assistant Masters have 
been appointed since the New Scheme came into operation : — 

1875 Jan. 

1876 Sept. 
1878 Dec. 


William Edward Sadd, B.A. St. Catherine's Coll. Camb. 

Henry Eobert Field Canham, B.A. St. John's „ „ 

Joseph Clayton, B.A, Emmanuel „ „ 


1870 1 

1871 i 
1872 1 




1876 t 

1877 j 

Eev. Hugh George Eobinson, M.A. (Hon. Canon of York and late Principal 

of the Training College, York.) 
Eev. George Ash Butterton, D.D. (formerly Master of Uppingham and 

Giggleswick Gramr. Schools.) 
Rev. H. G. Eobinson, M.A. 
Eev. J. T. B. Landon, M.A. (formerly Fellow of Magdalen College, 

George Heppel, M.A. (St. John's Coll. Camb., late Principal of Nelson 

College, New Zealand.) 
Eev. J. T. B. Landon, M.A. 
(No special Examiner.) 

George Heppel, M.A. 

Eev. Joseph Schofield, B.A. 
R. H. Elliott, M.A. 








§1. TT is very likely that each Master would keep a private 
X record of his pupils, but no public register has ever 
been provided. We consequently do not know who were 
scholars, or whether any ever became distinguished, with 
two or three exceptions. There must, however, have been 
many such, to induce the petitioners for a renewal of the 
Charter in 1726 to say "that the School had flourished 
for a great many, years next after its foundation, to the 
great benefit of the inhabitants of the parish and vicarage ". 

Mr. Byrron, the second Master, speaks of Dr. Favour's 
children being taught by him and the Usher. These would 
be John (born Feb. 1598-9) and William (born July 1601); 
the former of whom became a Prebendary of Southwell and 
of Ripon, and Rector of Sutton-on-Derwent and Rainton. 

Mr. Cockman, the third Master, had two celebrated 
pupils, John Lake*, who became Vicar of Leeds, and Bishop 
of Man, Bristol, and Chichester in succession; and John 

* He was born on Dec. 5th, 1624, in Petticoat Lane, now Eussell St., Halifax. 
He went to St. John's College, Cambridge, when only thirteen years of age. He 
was one of the celebrated seven Bishops who resisted James H, though he after- 
wards became a Non-juror. He died Aug. 30th, 1689. His father, Thomas Lake, 
was Church-warden in 1639. His name is in Vicar Eamsden's List of subscriptions 
towards the endowment of the School in 1635, for 6s. 8d. 


Milner^, who also became Vicar of Leeds. These were 
brothers-in-law, Milner marrying a sister of Lake. There 
was also a third pupil of Mr. Cockman, Samuel Stancliffe, 
who went to St. John's College, Cambridge. His name is 
still kept in recollection by a tablet commemorating his 
bequest of £100 for adorning the Schoolf. 

Mr. Lister, the seventh Master, must have the honour of 
having found out the genius of Laurence Sterne, if tradition is 
to be depended on, though he could hardly have educated him. 

Mr. Ogden, the eleventh Master, was in of&ce, while 
Jesse RamsdenJ, one of the most celebrated makers of 
mathematical instruments that England ever produced was 
at the School. He could not, however, have received much 
benefit from it, though he was a pupil for three years, as 
he left when twelve years of age. 

It is probable that Joah Bates, who became Fellow of 
King's College, Cambridge, and M.A., and was afterwards 
a Commissioner in the Civil Service, and Henry Bates§, 
Fellow of Peterhouse and D.D., received their education in 

* He was born in Feb., 1627-8, in Skircoat. He went to Christ's College, 
Cambridge, when about fourteen years of age. He became Vicar of St. John's, 
Leeds, in 1662 ; and of the Parish Church there in 1677. Being a non-juror, he 
resigned in 1689, and resided at St. John's College, Cambridge, uutil his death in 
Feb., 1702-3, employing his time in writing learned books. 

t We might have expected Abp. Tillotson to have been at the School, as his 
father lived only about three miles off, and in 1635 subscribed 5s. towards the 
Endowment fund. He is said to havo been educated at Colne. 

I He was born at Salterhebble in September, 1734. He married the daughter 
of the celebrated Dollond, for whom he had done a great deal of work. He 
improved the Theodolite, Pyrometer, Barometer, Micrometer, &c., and invented 
the Dividing Machine. He became F.R.S. in 1786, and died Nov. 5th, 1800. 

§ These two were sons of Henry Bates, who was appointed Parish Clerk of 
Halifax in 1735. Joah was a celebrated musician, and conducted the Handel 
Commemoration in Westminster Abbey in 1784. Th^se two brothers together 
with an Oxford Graduate, and three Cambridge students, took part in the 
performance of the Messiah on the opening of the New Organ in Halifax Parish 
Church in 1766. The celebrated Herschel (father of Sir John Herschel) played 
the Organ. (L.P. CIILJ 


the School under Mr. Ogdeii, and his successor, Mr. West. 
Major Cartwright, one of the earlier advocates of Parliamentary 
Reform, is said to have been at the School about this time. 
I am told also that one Abraham Thomas was at the 
School about 1736. It shews how closely we are connected 
with the past, when Mr. John Thomas, the present Parish 
Clerk of Halifax, his great-nephew, who was born in 1804, 
has heard him speak of his times. Abraham Thomas died 
in 1822, in, the hundredth year of his age. 

Carlisle, in his "Endowed Grammar Schools", mentions 
Dr. Cyril Jackson, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, and 
Dr. William Jackson*, Bishop of Oxford, as having been 
educated at this School; but, if so, they could have been 
there only in their earliest days, as their biographers say 
that they received their education at Westminster School; 
and Carlisle himself also includes them among the celebrated 
Scholars of Manchester School. Mr. West would have been 
Master in their time, as they were born in 1746 and 1750 

Carlisle also mentions among the celebrated scholars 
"Eev. Edward Ellis, M.A., Second Master of Westminster 

School (appointed in 1814), and Rev. Sharpef, then 

Vicar of Wakefield ". These might have been under Mr. 
Kempson, or Mr. Wilkinson. 

Dr. Lonsdale, Bishop of Lichfield from 1843 to 1867, 
was at Heath School from 1794, when only six years of age, 
to 1799, and then went to Eton. 

* They were the sons of Cyril Jackson, M.D., of Stamford, who married the 
widow of William Eawson, Lord of the Manor of Shipley, who died in 1745. She 
was named Judith Prescott before marrying into the family of the Eawsons of 
Bradford, and was either a Prescott of Halifax by birth or the widow of a Prescott. 
Cyiil Jackson resided in or near Halifax, as he was nominated a Governor of the 
School in 1753, but declined the office. He was also one of the Trust for carrying 
out the Halifax Water-works Act, passed in 17(i2. The Apothecary's Ledger, 
mentioned uuder " Mr. Lister ", shews there was a Dr. Jackson in Halifax before 
1700, so that Dr. Cyril Jackson was possibly connected with Halifax by birth, 

t i. e., Samuel Shai-pi who wjis instituted Vicar, Feb. 3rd, 1810, 



I have about 150 names copied from the old School 
Dictionaries, on the pages of which they were scribbled in 
school-boy fashion, many of them having most absurd dates 
attached. I copy those which have seemingly correct dates. 

N.B. * after a name means " Graduated at a University ". 


Ben. Gott. 


J. Edwards.* 


A. Seymour. 


T. Lister. 

1810 (16) 

J. Bebb. 


Tom Robson. 


J. Bragg. 


S. Watson. 


J. Ferrand Deai-den. 


H. B. Cardwell. 

„ (12,20) T. Finch.* 


J. Dunderdale. 


W. T. Goodall. 


T. M. Gorst*. 


S. Walker. 




F. Peile. 


C. Mayer. 

1812 (13) 

G. Bentley. 


John R. Booth. 


Joshua Ingham. 


James Farrar. 


F. Ingram. 


E. Sanderson. 


James Moore. 


W. Wainhouse. 


T. F. Sutcliffe. 


R. Wainhouse. 


John Tuley. 

1823 (25,26) Matthew Hy. Greenup. 


William Graven, 


W. Sanderson. 

West House, Mancbester. 


W. Smith. 

1815 (16,18) G. Dawson. 


J. Ashworth*, EUand Bank. 


W. Hirst. 


J. Bailey. 


George Mercer. 


D. Edieston. 


Frederick Tucker. 


J. Jowett. 


Joah Crossley.* 


J. H. Tootal. 


G. Stansfeld.* 

1. (20) 

Thomas Watson. 


E. Stansfeld, Field House. 


R. H. Broadhurst. 

1817 (19,23) H. Foster. 


E. C. Hurt. 


W. A. Holroyde. 


R. Roughton. 


G. Marriott. 

.1 (29) 

R. Tucker. 


J. Bradley Mellor. 


Joshua Ingham. 


M. Mitton. 

,1 (27,28) 

F. Ingram. 

1817 (18) 

John Kawson. 


T. Parkinson. 


W. Wards.* 

.1 (28) 

J. Sanderson. 






S. stead. 


W. C. Stead. 

G. Sutcliffe. 


John Wild. 

J. Wainhouse. 


[37,38) Frank Stead. 

David Balmforth, Staiuland. 


S. (or T.) G. Booth. 

J. Broadhurst 


T. P. Eawson, 

E. Dyson. 


Alex. S. Hill. 

James Moore. 


J. E. Casson. 

B. Stocks.* 


Lewis Kenny.* 

Thomas Lambert. 


G. Peel. 

B. Milner. 


C. E. Priestlen. 

•James Hiley. 


John Rawson, Greenroyd 

In addition to the above, I have been enabled by the 
kindness of some gentlemen, who were formerly pupils of 
the School, to make np the following List. The date to 
the left of the name denotes some one year or more in 
which the pupil was at the School; '^after the name shews 
that he went to a University ; / means " Fellow ". Names 
within [ ] are also in the first List. 

1817 Abbott, John, a name perpetuated by " The Abbott Scholarships " at 
Oxford and Cambridge, and " The Abbott's Home " at Halifax. 

Alcock, (of Skipton), late of the Craven Bank. 

Ashworth*, Arthur Howard, (of Elland), afterwards Minor Canon of York. 

1832 [Ashworth*, John Ashworth], ,, late / B.N.C. Oxford, and now 

Eector of Didcot. 
Ashworth*, Philip Sidney * „ 

Ashworth, Wheelhouse „ 

1833 Atkinson*, William „ late Curate of Elland. 
(and some brothers). 

181 . Baker*, Eobert, afterwards Rector of Hargrave. 

181. Bates*, Thomas, afterwards Curate of Trinity Church, Halifax. 

1812 [Bentley, G.] 

1814 (and three others). 

1830 Two Bentleys, from neighbourhood of Huddersfield. 

1810 Birtwhistle, William, late surgeon at Skipton. 

1810 [Bragg, J.] 

181 . Bragg, Raisbeck 


1810 Broinhead*, Charles Ffrench, afterwards/ Trin : Coll: Cambridge. 

Brook, (of Huddersfield). 

Buckley, (three from Saddleworth). 
1810 Btishby*, Edward, formerly / St. John's Coll : Cambridge. 

Candler, (of York). 

1823 Cartwiight*, John, late of Durham. 
1818 Charlesworth*, Beedam. 

1818 Chamock*, Thomas Brooksbank. 

1808 Crabtree*, , formerly / University Coll:, Oxford. 

1815 Crabtree*, James, (a younger brother). 

1818 Crossley, James, late President of the Cheetham Society, Manchester. 

1828 Crossley*, Joah 

182 . Crossley, John, late of Manor Heath, Halifax. 

1818 Dearden*, James (of Eochdale). 
181. Duffin, (of Edinburgh). 

1819 Dyson, John Daniel, late Colonel 3rd Dragoon Guards. 
[Dyson, Edwards] 

Dyson, George, late Coroner. 

Dyson, Thomas 

(and one other at least) 

1824 [Edleston, D.] 

1834 Edleston*, Joseph, D.D. late / Trin: Coll: Cambridge, and now Vicar 
of Gainford. 

182 . Edleston, T. H. 

1810 Edwards, Henry, afterwards a Solicitor in London. 

1809 Edwards*, Joseph, late a Master in King's Coll : School, London. 

1811 Edwards, Eichard 

1808—20 Finch*, Thomas, now of Morpeth. 

1816 Foster, John (of Heptonstall). 

1810 Franks*, James Clarke (of Sowerby Bridge), late Vicar of Hudderfield. 

He gained the Norrisian Prize, the Members' Prize, and three times the 
Hulsean Prize at Cambridge. 
1830 GarHck, 

nooA /n T 1 , not brothers. 

1830 Garhck, 

Gillmor, William (of Illingworth), son of the late Vicar. 

1820 Gorst, Edward Chadock, afterwards a soUcitor at Preston. 

1819 [Gorst*, Thomas Mee] 

1813 Greenwood*, William, / Corpus Christi Coll : Cambridge. 

181 . Hall*, Edward 

1815 Hall*, Bobert, late M.P. for Leeds, and Recorder of Hull. 

181 . Hall, Stephen, afterwards a solicitor at Skipton. 

181 . HarrisoH, J., now a surgeon at Chester 


183 . Hebden, W. H. 

1828 Hiley, John 

1839 Hiley*, Simoon (of Elland), late/ St. John's Coll : Cambridge. 

1837 [Hill, Alexander Staveley] , now M.P. for Coventry. 

1817 [Holroyde, W. A.] 
(and two others). 

1810 Hopper, 

1816 Horsfall, Timothy 

1816 Huntriss, WiUiam, (now of Westfield, Halifax). 

1829 Ikin, , late Town-clerk of Leeds (?) 

1818 Ingham*, James Taylor, (of Mirfield), now Sir James, a London Police 

1821 Kellett, Henry 

1838 [Konny*, Lewis Stanhope, now Rector of Kirkby-Knowle.] 
183 . Kenny, William Fenton, afterwards a solicitor at Halifax. 
1810 Lambert, John (of Eilaud). 

1818 Lambert, Eobert (of Eliand). 

183)) Lewthwaite*, Samuel, late/ Magdalene Coll : Cambridge. 

1794 — 99 Lonsdale*, John, late/ King's Coll : Cambridge, and Bishop of Lichfield. 

18U Mc.Bean, William 

1829—183.") Mallinson*, Wuiteley, now Vicar of Cross-stone, late / Magdalene 

Coll : Cambridge. 
1818 Maude*, Daniel, late /' of Caius Coll : Cambridge, and a London Police 

1818 Maude*, Frank, late Vicar of Hoyland. 
1818 Maude*, Ralph, late Vicar of Mirfield. 

1820 Milnes, 

1814 Mitchell, John Herbert 

1823 Moore, William 

1810 Newall, Noel, (of Littleborough). 

1818 Newman, Edward, now a Solicitor at Barnsley. 

1803 Newman, William, late of Darley Hall. 

1814 Norris, Charles 

1814 Norris*, James 

1814 Norris, Sidney 

1832 Nussey*, (fr. Derbyshire). 

181 . Oxley, R., late M.D. at Pontefract. 

179 . Pollard, George 

1818 Pollard, James (of Manchester) 

181 . Priestley, Charles (of White Windows, near Halifax), 

181 . Priestley, George 

181 . Priestley, Heniy 


182 . Ramsden, 

182 . Eamsden, 

1813 Rawson, Edward (of the Shay) 

1813 Eawson, John (of the Shay). 

179 . Rhodes, J. A. 

1813 Rhodes, William 

182 . Richardson, (of Sonthowram), 

181 . Rishworth, , afterwards a Banker at Wakefield. 

Rothwell, John 

1825 Roughton, John 

Royds, Albert 

1816 Royds*, Charles 

1816 Scot, , afterwards M.D. at Liverpool. 

1816 Scot, , (one of these was named Roger). 

1815 Serjeantsou, Charles (of York), 

Settle, Robert, afterwards an attorney at Halifax. 

1810 Shaw*, Edward Butterworth 

181 . Shaw, George, afterwards M.D. at Leicester. 

1880 Slater, Joseph (of Elland). 

183 . Slater, (brother of Joseph) 

1834 Smith*, William Ramsden, late Vicar of Christ Church, Bradford. 

183 . Sowden*, Sutcliffe 

1818 [Stansfeld*, George] 

1818 Stansfeld*, John 

1816 [Stansfeld, Robert], Hony. Col. 6th West York Militia. 
1810 Staveley, Henry (?) 

1810 Staveley, James 

1810 Staveley, John 

179 . Stead, John 

1827 [Stocks*, Benjamin] 

1813 Stocks, George, afterwards a surgeon in Blackburn 

Stocks, Joseph 

18l6 Stocks, Michael 

181 . Sunderland*, Thomas 

181 . Tennant, Philip 

1818 Tennant*, Sanderson 

(and three others). 

1818 Tong, W. 

1815 Turner, Benjamin (from India). 

1810 Turney, John, late of Leek Wotton near Warwick. 
1823—30 [Wainhouse, John Edward] 


1817 Walsh, Thomas Selby, afterwards Mayor of Halifax. 

1817 [Warde*, William], afterwards Vicar of Witton-le-wear. 

1818 Watson*, Charles 
Watson*, T. C. 

Watson, Shipley, afterwards M.D. at York. 

1819 Whiteley, Thomas 

1817 Wilson*, (of York) 

1818 Wright, Edward 


Mr. Gooch and Mr. Cox have both kept private Eegisters, 
from which the following names are taken in the order 
of their admission. 

Admitted by MB. GOOGH. 

1840 Aug. Gooch, Charles 

Holroyd, John Bailey 
Norris, Henry Alexander 
Norris, William Arthur 
Barker, Frederic 
Priestley, William 
Smith, Eobert Harman 
Dew, John Wormald 
Dew, Croft Worgan 
Akers, Edward 
Holds worth, Tom 
Holdsworth. John 
Beck, William 
Speight, Thomas 
Speight, John 
Eastwood, John William 
Eastwood, Thomas 
Eastwood, Charles James 
Peel, Lawrence 
Mercer, Isaac 
Gauki'oger, Joseph 

1840 Aug. Kenny, Lewis Stanhope 

Casson, William John 
Foster, William Mitchell 
Jellicorse, Edward John 

Ewing, Alexander 
Hirst, Henry Alexander 
Dowson, Edward Withers 
Barlow, John 
Catley, Edwin 
Alexander, Henry Hamerton 
Sept. Wolstenholme, Edward 

Oct. McNeill, Malcolm 
Nov. Hague, William Drake 

1841 Feb. Haigh, William 

Haigh, George Henry 
Whiteley, Eobert 
Ogden, William 
Kiley, George 
Thornton, John Varley 


1841 Mar. Ambler, James Pearson 
April Sowdeii, George 

July Ogdeu, John 
Beck, Robert 

Beaumont, Thomas George 
Jackson, Thomas Eiley 
Priestley, Charles Edwards 
Hirst, Samuel Henry 
Hirst, Edward Smith 
Stansfield. Samuel 
Stansfield, Thomas 
Stansfield, Joseph Hudson 
Hanson, Joseph 
Foster, Henry 

Sept. Stead, Joseph 

Stead, Richard WiUiaui 
Stead, James 
Crowther, John Brown 

Oct. Roberts, John 

Drake, George Vandyke 

1842 Jan. Emmet, Cliarles 

Garnet, Henry Eli 
Barstow, William 
Lewthwaite, Joseph 
Norris, Charles Musgrave 
Wrigley, Watts Henry 
Norris, Francis John 
Stead, William Charles 
Kenny, Alfred John 
Sugden, ( ) 

Oldfield, James 
Wood, Charles 
Royston, Thomas 
Midgley, Francis 
Ward, William Maun 
Baker, Robert Sibley 

1843 Jan. Rouse, John 
Mar. Hirst, James 

July Turney, Thomas Henry 
Turney, Benjamin 
Hurat, John 



1843 July 

Turner, Joseph 

Smith, Walter 


Dew, George Piatt 

1844 Jan. 

Crossley, Edward 


Cash, John 


Emmet, William Henry 

1846 Jan. 

Baiues, George 

Beaumont, Butterworth 


Rogers, Thomas Henry 

Brierly, Alfred 


Whittaker, Charles 


Davis, John Edward 

Goodall, William Tatham 

Cormick, Richard 

1840 Jan. 

Hill, John Edwards 


Gates, James Daniel 


Ingham, Samuel 


Good, James 


Norris, Sidney Perfect 

Stocks, Joseph Halliday 

Hammerton, Stephen 

Edward Nelson 


Hamerton, Ernest 

Hamerton, Joseph 

1847 Feb. 

Crossley, John Edward 

Booth, John Robinson 

Booth, Thomas George 


Taylor, Alfred 

Fox, Joseph 

Baiues, Simpson 


Walker, Richard Henry 


Rouse, Edward Peake 

1848 Jan. 

Pitchforth, Aquila 

Garlick, John William 


Wood, Henry 

Wood, William 

Wood, Richard S. 


Bairstow, Thomas 


Riley, Edwin 


Swallow, John Henry 

Swallow, Thomas DawBoa 


1848 Hammerton, Eobert 

July Walker, Samuel 

Smith, Charles Henry 

Dyson, John Charles 
Aug. Nelson, Tom 

Binns, Wildon 

Binns, Cornehus 

Outram, Edmund 
Oct. Law, Joseph Henry 

1849 Jan. Wright, Alfred William 

Holroyde, Walter James 
April Bayldon, Joe Wood 

Lees, Thomas Lister 
Aug. Fox, Charles James 
Balmford, David 
Highley, Thomas Sutcliffe 
Turner, ( ) 

Garlick, Henry Grainger 
Earnshaw, John William 
Pickles, Jonas 
Eastwood, Henry 
Nicholson, Thomas 
leaner, Thomas Henry 
Hobson, George 
Macaulay, Francis Edwin 
Oct. Gardiner, Henry Walter 

1850 Jan. Edgar, Donald 

Ingham, Richard 
Orange, Wm. Alexander 

Stainburn, George 
Swallow, George Edward 
Ellam, Ralph Bate 

Feb. Remington, Frederick Hardy 
Gar side, Joseph 

April Brown, James Laurie 
Wilson, Alfred Henry 
Shaw, Benjamin Walker 
Macaulay, Charles 
Stansfield, William Farrar 

1850 July Clegg, Wesley 

Aug. Wright, John Armstrong 
Highley, Oliver 
Highley, Arthur 
Walton, Keighley 
Winstanley, Calvin 

Camm, John Brooke Maher 
Adamson, Charles 
Knowles, George 
Slater, Joseph Henry 
Sidebottom, Cuthbert Gerald 

Sep. Holroyd, George Gomersall 
Highley, Charles 

Oct. Hirst, WiUiam 

Holroyd, Sutcliffe 

1851 Feb. Dearden, Frederick 

Dearden, Thomas 
Bottomley, Lawrence 

Crowther, Frederick 
Dearden, William 

Mar. Caw, John 

April Hindson, John Sanderson 
Rawson, Thomas Preston 

Aug. Bottomley, Wilham Henry 

Sep. Tillotson, Arthur 

Oct. Fell, Joseph 

Crapper, Foster 
Simpson, John William 
Simpson, Frederick 
Rouse, William Archibald 
18.'i2 Jan. Storey, Walter 
Maude, William 
Davies, James Heywood 
Swallow, Joseph 
Stott, Thomas Dean 

Feb. Busfeild, William 
Busfeild, John 


1852 Feb. 

Busfeild, Currer Fothergill 

1854 Feb. 

Gresley, Charles 

Bedford, Eobert Thomas 

Taylor, Charles 


Booth, John Whitley 

Walker, John William 


Foster, Alfred 

Bairstow, James Oatea 

Campbell, James Thomas 

Foster, Alfred 

Goodall, Alfred 

Blagbrough, Walter 

Smith, Solomon Charles 

Walker, Samuel 

Smith, Edward James 

Eobinson, Frederick William 

Orange, John Edward 

Hey, David 


Fleming, Walter 

Thwaite, Christopher 


Eawnsley, Albert 

Thwaite, Edward Hall 


Scott, William 

Frobisher, Frederick 

Scott, John 


Skelton, Matthew Henry 

1853 Feb. 

Hoadley, Eobert 

Aspinall, George Edward 

Fox, William 

Emmet, George Edward 

Boddy, John William 

Pitts, Thomas 

Burton, Charles Harryfred 


Cockroft, Herbert 

Helliwell, Thomas WilUam 


Hirst, Thomas Henry 

Eastwood, Joseph 

Franklin, Harry 

Dyson, Eowland 

Sutcliffe, Thomas 

Hadfield, Wilham 

Hitchen, Charles Whiteley 

Green, Thomas Foulds 

Prescott, John Barrow 

1 ' 


Prescott, Cyril Jackson 

Briggs, William Eawdon 


Shaw, William 

Smith, Charles Frederick 

Eawson, Charles CoUinson 

Dyer, Francis WiUiam 

Higham, Joseph 


Prest, John Cooper 


Steele, Alexander Denton 


Mallinson, John Ealph 


Woodhouse, Eandal 

Ehodes, Christopher Tate 

Eobinson, Eichard Henry 

Crossley, Joseph 


Charnock, James Hanson 


Emmet, Charles Edward 

Crapper, Walter 

1855 Jan. 

Kershaw, John Edward 

Smallwood, George 

Mellor, WiUiam Wood 

Smallwood, John Casson 


Walker, Thomas Ibbetson 

Laycock, George Diggs 

Smith, Jonathan 

Laycock, William 

Eastwood, Henry 

Laycock, Samuel F. 

Eastwood, Samuel 

Sutcliffe, Charles 

Tomlin, Ottiwell 


Blackburn, Henry 


Hawkyard, Benjamin 

Barstow, Charles, 

Kenny, Courtney Stanhope 

Baines, Joseph Mellor 


Staveley, Arkyl John Arthur 


1855 April 

Kershaw, William 

1858 Aug. 

Shaw, John Edward 

Child, William Hall 

Bean. Alexander Heniy 

Norris, Charles Edwin 

Bennett, Edward Eobinson 

Norris, Wallace Lea 

Rhodes, Arthur 

Emmet, Joseph Alfred 

Ehodes, Godfrey 

Walker, Charles John 

Warren, Edward Walpole 


Lambert, John 

Coates, George 


Hudson, Charles 

1859 Feb. 

Morris, Thomas Henry 

Mitchell, John Herbert 

Sutcliffe, John 

1856 Jan. 

Alexander, Arthur William 

Broadbent, John Henry 


Turner, Thomas 

Dunderdale, William James 


Mc. Clure, John 

Dunderdale, Thomas 


Barrowby, John 


Norris, Priestley 

Bowman, Henry Hearder 


Caw, Arthur Worgau 

Greenwood, Sidney 

Caw, Herbert Kenyon 

Mitchell, William Henry 

Claybrough, John Fletcher 

Highley, Joe 

Henrey, Joseph 

Smith, Samuel Vincent 

Henrey, William M. 


Elliott, James 

1860 Feb. 

Hill, Walter 

1857 Jan. 

Illingworth, John Blow 

Jennings, Walter Milton 

Patchett, John 

Swallow, James Edward 

Patchett, Frank 


Kershaw, Henry Walter 

Eobinson, Henry 


Town, Robert Samuel 

Sutcliffe, John 

PoUit, Charles Thomas 


Alexander, Eeginald (lervase 

Masheder, Thomas 

Barraclough, Arthur 

Nuttall, Lawrence 

Parsons, John M. 


Smithies, John Fox 

Parsons, Edwin 

Norris, Henry Percy 

Holyday, Charles William 

Rawson, Benjamin Currer 


Smith, Sidney 

Coates, William Charles 


Foster, William 

Lepper, Charles Harper 

Sutcliffe, Thomas 


Stephenson, Thomas 

Parsons, Oswald 


Kitchen, Martin Mauley 


Mallinson, William 


Thomas, Joseph 

1861 Jan. 

Buxton, George 


Mallinson, Benjamin 


Ingram, Richard Francis 

1858 Feb. 

Clemesha, Robert John 

Ingram, James Hughes 

Fox, John 



Pitts, Bernard 


Empsall, Samuel 


Hall, John William 

Huntriss, William James 


Huntriss, William 

Huutriss, Frederick George 

Huntriss, Edward 

Smithies, William Edward 

Swallow, Eichard Dawson 

Snow, Thomas Collins 


Admitted hy MR. COX. 

18f51 Oct. 

Fletcher, Robert Crompton 
Irvin, John Spendlove 
Seed, Thomas 

1863 Jan. 

Seed, .John 


Barnes, Francis Joshua 

Pritt, Thomas Evan 



Kirby, Cltristopher John 
Walsh, Alfred Ramsden 
Wright, Robert Hood 
Kirk, Joseph Moxon 



Whitworth, Joseph Whitely 

1862 Jan. 

Sandford, Edward Armitage 
Sandford, Henry Rossall 

Common, James 


Cliif, Arthur Foster 

Mallinson, William Crowther 

Farrar, Edward 

Hebhlethwaite, Samuel 

1864 Jan. 

Common, Arthur Welsh 

Dempster, Robert 

Sutcliffe, Francis Edgar 

Bull. Henry Beach 


Maud, William Wade 

Hebhlethwaite, George 

Farrar, Walter 



Atkinson, Nelson Aaron 
Aspinall, John 


Robinson, Herbert 
Whitworth, William 
Mitchell, John 

Jeffery, Samuel 



De Tivoli, Giuseppe 


Slingsby, Frederick William 

Maude, John 

1865 Jan. 

1863 Jan. 

Price, Charles 


Price, William 


Alexander, John Barrow 

Murray, Archiebald Stavert 


Patchett, James 
Patchett, Riley 
Smith, Arthur William 
Nicklin, John William 
Dow, Andrew Munro 
Newton, George Alfred 
Garside, Herbert 
Duncan, Robert Leyland 
Farnell, James 
Stansfeld, Raywood 

Stansfeld, George 
Palethorpe, Henry John 
Seed, William Henrj- 
Bonser, John Winfield 
Gaukroger, Frederic 

Tasker, John William 
Taylor, Alfred Henry Smith 
Gates, Walter Holroyd 
Brown, John Fisher 
Priestley, Frederick 
Sutcliffe, Tom 
Gaukroger, George William 
Fawcett, Joseph 
Crowther, Allen 
Mallinson, Arthur 
Kershaw, Frederick W^illiam 
Robinson, Herbert 
Mathias, Bennett Seymour 
Lewthwaite, Joseph 
Macdonald, James Alexander 

Donald John 
Fleming, George 
Nuttall, Fred 
Granger, Henry Thomas 
Granger, Thomas Colpotts 
Robinson, George William 


18G5 May Bland, William Edward 
Wynn, Frederick Arthur 
Swallow, Frederick 
Firth, Henry Williams 
Bailey, William 
Parker, Thomas Henry 
Fleming, Albert 
1866 Jun. Livy, Frederic Young 

Salmond, David Norman 
Brierley, Frederick William 
Feb. Whitworth. Robert 

Lupton, John Edward 
Aug. Watson, Andrew 

Cammack, Thomas William 
Walsh, Alfred 
Haigh, John William 
Hoyle, George 
Fleming, Edward 
llobinsou, Richard 
Oct. Spencer, William Isaac 

Robinson, James Frederick 
Cheadle, Alfred Stanley 
Middlebrook, Joseph 
1867 Jan. Stott, Charles Thomas 
Schofield, Simeon 
Rankin, Henry Francis 
Wilkinson, Henry Newstead 
Ison, Henry William 
Miller, Thomas James 
Boothman, Edward 
Feb. Smith, Charles Edwin 
Groodall, Arthur Alfred 
April Holroyde, John 
Willey, John 
Hey, Thomas 
Macdonald, Edward William 

Macdonald, Roderick John 

Barker, Ralph Atkinson 

1867 Aug. Cox, Thomas Buchanan 

Hunt, John Frank 
Eudd, Harold 
Wightman, Charles 
Scholefield, John 
Oct. Tate, WiUiam 
Tate, Charles 
Bancroft, James 
Shoesmith, Louis William 

1868 Jan. Jackson, Lawrence Hartley 

Gray, William 
Robert shaw, James 
Rhodes, Herbert Rothwell 
Swallow, Herbert 
Cox, Robert Stavert 
Morrison, William Beamish 

Parkinson, Thomas 
Baines, Frederick Horace 
Baines, James Arthur 
Berry, John William 
Feb. Booth, Charles Oldfield 
Coates, Richard 
Shoesmith, Denton 
Aug. Norris, Moraston Ormerod 
Haigh, Charles 
Keriihaw, Richard 
Firth, Thomas Williams 
Stritch, Michael Chute 
Ostler, Frederick William 
Ostler, John 
Ostler, William Henry 
1869 Jan. Mitchell, Thomas 

Lupton, Harold Edgar 
Edleston, Alfred Blakey 
Heal, James Hardy 
Feb. Hodgson, Edward 

Ackroyd, James Edward 
Greenwood, Abraham 
Hebblethwaite, James 


1869 April Sowerby, John Francis 

Nettleton, Arthur 
Thomson, George Thomas 
Coton, Frederick 
Kershaw, Arthur Noble 
Loskett, Charles Alfred 
Mitchell, John Holroyde 

Aug. Pickles, Walter 
Whiteley, George 
Frobisher, John 
Frobisher, William 
Ellison, Ernest Henry 
Womersley, William Henry 
Fletcher, Wilfred William 

Thompson, Frederic William 

Se\j. Waithman, Charles Anthony 
Waithmau, James Clarkson 

Oct. Charlton, Hairy Irlam 

Haigh, Frederick Wilham 

1870 Jan. HiU, Ernest Hatton 

Kippax, Smith 

Palethorpe, Arthur Shackles 

Warneford, Harry Launcelot 

Henry, George 

Wood, Frederick 

Whiteley, Tom Harry 
Feb. Turner, Benjamin 
April Wood, John Edward 

Ostler, Arthur 

Taylor, William Dearnley 
Aug. Jessop, Eichard Henry 

Naylor, Arthur 

Waddington, Eli Wilkiu?on 

Waddington, Henry 
Sep. Culpan,! Eichard 

Cousin, Albert 
Oct. Hill, John Edwards 

Hope, John Basil 
Nov. Grime, Edward Hatton 

1871 Jan. Nicholl, Joseph 

Whiteley, John Alfred 
Parsons, Alfred 
Clayton, Harry 
Eastwood, Sam 
Blackburn, Charles Henry 
Blackburn, Herbert 
Oxley, Frederick James 
Kenny, Charles Willliam 

Snepp, John 
Naylor, Jamcr Herbert 
Swaine, William 
Fielding, Albert 

Feb. Cousin, Gaston 
Dixon, Fred 

Mar. Shaw, John Arthur 
Eamskill, Thomas 

April Whittell, Alfred 
Edwards, Alfred 
Wih'on, Thomas 
Wood, Henry Lees 
Greenwood, Artliur 

Aug. Crabtree, Wallace 
Crabtree, Fred 
Mitchell, Joseph Harger 
Stott, John Henry 
Dixon, Fred 
Hill, Walter William 
Hope, George Wilfiid 
Chapman, Arthur Frederic 
Booth, Edward Whitley 
Ainley, G orge Henry 
Patchett, Percy 
Old field, Louis 
C Lay tor, Eeginald Clervaux 

Oct. Longbottom, Louis Henry 

1872 Jan. Bamford, Earnest Walton 

Lupton, Clement Harold 
Lupton, Clifford John 
Mooney, Thomas Bankin 


1872 Aug. Child, Harold Edward Akroyd 

Cox, Edward Samuel 
Wood, Arthur James 
Haiusworth, Eobinson 
Mellor, Wilfrid Arnold 
Stott, Alfred 
Falkingbridge, John Andrew 

Pohlmann, Arthur 
Pohlmann, George 
Oct. Thomas, William Fletcher 
Moore, William Thomas 

1873 Jan. Swaine, Henry John 

Armstrong, Henry 
Turner, John 
Wilson, Frederic William 
Lewthwaito, Alfred John 

Mar. Marshall, Eobert 
Crowther, John 
Town, Wilham Edward 
Town, Arthur Henry 
Francis, Albert Edward 

April Lees, James Arthm- 

Aug. Snepp, Alfred Neville 
Snepp, Eowau Lee 
Smeeton, William Mills 
Smeeton, Charles Henry 
' Jessop, John William 
Fox, John William 
Thomson, Charles Henry 
Lees, Albert Ernest 
Pickles, Harry 
Tuley, Frank 
Haslam, Arthur Stuart 
Hope, James Arthur 

Sep. Jackson, Arthur Glenn 

1874 Jan. Holmes, Ernest Percival 

Holmes, Cyril Lake 
Longbottom, Arthur 

Shoesmitb, Edward Ernest 

1874 Jan. Swift, George 

Clegg, John Henry 
Pohlmann, Fred 
Pohlmann, Edward 

Mar. Crossley, James 

Eiley, Thomas Herbert 

April Jones, Thomas WiUiam 
Pickard, Edwin Walter 
Holmes, Howard Arthur 
Moffett, John Eitchie 
Hill, Charles Marshal 
Street, Samuel 
Street, Ashton 

Aug. Ingham, WilUam Crossley 
Blackburn, Arthur 
Fox, Charles Edward 
Patchett, John 
Shoesmith, John William 

Oct. Town, Theodore 

1875 Jan. Chambers, Thomas 

Mitnes, Eobert 
Bottomley, Francis Edgar 
Hope, Clement Armitage 
Farrar, Samuel Arthur 
Collier, Harry 
Collier, John Ernest 
Vickerman, James Edward 

Feb. Kershaw, John Herbert 

Sep. Hoyle, Samuel 
Hoyle, John 
Midgley, Arthur Walter 
Parker, Thomas James ■ 
Holmes, Walter Herbert 

1876 Jan. Pilcher, Arthur 

Holmes, Fred 
Hill, Harold 
Cox, WilUam Francis 
Davis, John Henry Grant 
Eeid, Thomas Bernard 
April Appleyard, Scott 


1876 April Appleyard, John 

Earby, Thomas 


Davis, Francis Henry 

Kershaw, Brunei 

Kershaw, John Buckley 


Whitaker, Sidney Morgan 

1877 Jau. 

Wilms, Louis Armiu 


Hirst, Charles 

Storey, Louis 


Brierley, James 

Hatton, William Douglas 


Hooson, Evan 

Hope, Charles Stuart 

Firth, Sidney 

Longbottom, Eigby Sharp 


Taylor, George 


Dawes, Francis Spearman 

1878 Jan. 

Woodhead, Arthur 

Clegg, Charles 

Wright, Sam Ayrton 

Stott, Frauk Charles 

1878 Jan. Craven, Fred Morris 

Dawes, George Douglas 
Feb. Stansfield.Frederick William 
April Dyson, Frank Watson 
May Horsfall, James Herbert 
Sep. Eouse, Charles Herbert 

Cox, Richard 

1879 Jan. Dewhirst, Joseph Brook 

Waghorn, Christopher 

Brook, Edgar Deighton 
April Denisou, William Ernest 

Stott, Ernest Herbert 

Fox, Samuel 

Holmes, Charles Gerard 
de Gorham 
Sep. Marshall, John 

Ingham, Wilfrid 

Lockwood, James 

Eamsden, Harry Walton 

Eawnsley, Leonard 

Eiley, John 



N.B. — ' Cambridge ' is meant except otherwise stated. 


1845 Sow den, George 

1846 Baker, Robert 

1847 Gooch, Charles 
1847 Koberts, John 

1847 Wolstenholme, 

Edward Parker 

1850 Kenny. Lewis 

1852 Dew, Croft Worgan 

1852 Garnet, Henry Eli 

1853 Ogden, WilHam 
1855 Winstanley, Calvert 


1855 Beaumont, Thomas 


1856 Smith,Robert Harman 
1856 Stainburn, George 

1856 Wood, WiUiam 

1857 Earnshaw, John 


1858 Eouse, Edward Peake 
1858 Bayldon, Joe Wood 
1860 Remington, Frederic 


1860 Barrowby, John 

1861 Rouse, WiUiam 

1861 Warren, Edward 

1865 Pitts, Thomas 
1870 Bonser, John Winfield 
1870 1 Swallow, Richard 

1872 ISwallow, James 

1874 *2Snow, Thomas 


1874 »Mitchell, John 

1875 iJeffery, Samuel 



Trinity, Oxfd. 


Trinity, Dublin 
St. John's 




St. Catherine's 


St. John's 






Corpus, Oxfd. 

University, Oxfd 

Milner Scholar 

40th Wrangler 
, and Fellow f 39th Sen. Opt. 
( 5th in Class I. 
I 30th Wrangler 
\ 13th in Class IH. 

S holar 

Milner Scholar 


Scholar, and Fellow 

Milner Scholar 


Milner Scholar 

Scholar, and Fellow 
Scholar, and Fellow 


Scholar of Corpus ; 
Fellow of St. John's. 

Milner Scholar 

11th Jim. Opt. 
Class I (in Law) 

(18th Jun. Opt. 
t Class III. 

18th Sen. Opt. 
10th Wrangler 

24th Wrangler 

Itith Wrangler 
Senior Classic 

Brd in Class II. 

First Class 

Second Class in 

20th in Class U. 

* Snow and Mitchell did not proceed to the University directly from this 
School, but were pupils of it for 4^ years and 3 years respectively. 

1. R. D. Swallow, J. E. Swallow, and S. Jeffery obtained also a Goldsmith's 
Company's Exhibition in competitive examinations. 

2, Snow was also Craven University Scholar. 



1864 Swallow, Eichard Dawson 

1805 * Smith, Arthur William 

1867 tJeffery, Samuel 

1868 do. do, 

1869 Hoyle, George 

1809 Bobiuson, George William 

1872 Parkinson, Thomas 

1873 Cox, Thomas Buchanan 

1873 Hey, Thomas 

1874 Cox, Thomas Buchanan 
1874 Hey, Thomas 

1876 Hill, Ernest Hatton 

1877 Hoyle, John 

1877 Chambers, Thomas 

1877 Holmes, Howard Arthur 

1877 Hoyle, John 

1878 Stott, Alfred 

1878 Cox, Edward Samuel 

1878 Francis, Albert Edward 

1878 Fox, Charles Edward 

Oxford (Senior) 






Class I. 
Class I. 

Mark of distinction 
in Latin. 

Class III. 
Class in. 
Class II. 
Class m. 
Class III. 

I Class I. with a 
mark of 
distinction in both 
Latin & Greek. 

* A. W. Smith also obtained tho First Prize at Guy's Hospital in Classics. 
t Jeffery was not in the School for a year preceding this, but had been a 
pupil for four years previous. 

George Coates obtained by Examination in 1865 a Commission without purchase, 
Henry Thomas Granger was very high in Examination for a Commission iu 1868. 



SHOETLY before his deatli in 1768, Sterne wrote a short 
Memoir of himself, in which he says : — " The autumn 
"of that year [1723] or the spring afterward my father 
" got leave of his colonel to fix me at school, which he did 
*' near Halifax, with an able master ; with whom I staid 
" some time, till my cousin Sterne^ of Elvington [near York] 
" became a father to me, and sent me to the University, 
"&c. &c. " "My poor father died March 1731. I remained 
" at Halifax till about the latter end of the year, and cannot 
" omit mentioning this anecdote of myself, and schoolmaster. 
" He had the cieling of the schoolroom new whitewash'd : 
"the ladder remained there. I one unlucky day mounted 
"it, and wrote with a brush, in large capital letters, LAU. 
" STEENE, for which the usher severely whipped me. My 
" master was very much hurt at this, and said, before me, 
"that never should that name be eflPaced, for I was a boy 
" of genius, and he was sure I should come to preferment : 
"this expression made me forget the stripes I had received. 
" In the year thirty -twof my cousin sent me to the university, 
"where I staid some time". 

* i. e., the son of Bicharcl Sterne of Woodhouse, who was the brother of 
Laurence's father, Eoger. 

t He was admitted of Jesus College, July (ith, 1733, as sizer under the tuition 
of Mr. Cannon. He graduated B.A. January, 1736 ; M.A. July, 1740. 


It has always been believed that Heath School was the 
place where Sterne received his education and displayed 
his genius; but who first mentioned Heath in print, I have 
not been able to find out. Wright and Watson in their 
histories say nothing of Sterne's school or of his freak, 
though the former was curate of Halifax in 1732, and the 
latter succeeded him in 1750. The latter indeed says, when 
speaking of Woodhouse in Copley, where Sterne's uncle, 
Eichard Sterne, lived : — " The Eev. Mr. Sterne, author of 
Tristram Shandy &c. was of this family ". Crabtree mentions 
Heath School, but gives no authority for his statement. 
In a copy of Sterne's works in the Library of Mr. John 
Turney^, of Leek Wotton in Warwickshire, at the foot of 
the page where the anecdote is told, there occurs this note 
in manuscript : — " These Letters were as Sterne wrote them 
"when I was at Heath School in the Year 1809-10, since 
" which time they have been effaced by a stupid Whitewasher 
"who washed them out as little known to the Master of his 
"day as Sterne wrote them. John Turney". — The White- 
washing seems confirmed by the Governors' account books, 
which in 1811 have this entry "Jno. Edwards, Plaistering 
at the School £12 3s. 6d." In a letter to Wm. Craven, Esq.,t 
of Clapton Lodge, Mr. Turney writes — " The name of Sterne 
" was marked on the cieling of the School Room in irregular 
"Characters, as if done by some one who knew he was doing 
"wrongly & was fearful of being detected in the Act. They 
" were large Letters, say (I speak from memory of course) about 
"4^ inches high all Capitals. They were black as if, as I 
" thought, burnt in with a Candle, the smoke from the Candle 

"causing them to be black Lau Sterne was inscribed 

" about 3 yards from the Head Master's desk. It ran obliquely 

* This gentleman died Sep. 20th, 1879. 

t I am iudehted to Mr. Craven for a kind commuDication of these particiUars. 


"from S. W. with rather a turn to the East*". In one of the 
old Dictionaries (see p. 19) there is written " L. Stearn ", which 
may or may not be his writing, but some branches of his 
family spelled the name with 'a' in it. Edward Newman, 
Esq., Solicitor, of Barnsley, writes me thus : — " The place 
" where Sterne wrote his name on the Ceiling of your School 
"was pointed out to me when I was there in 1813. My 
"Brother was there too, 10 years earlier, but I never heard 
"him say that he saw it". The Rev. Thomas Finch, of 
Morpeth, who was a pupil from 1808 to 1820, says in a letter 
to me, "The legend during the time that I was at Heath 
"respecting Sterne was that he was a scholar there, and the 
"panel on the ceiling was pointed out, on which he was said 
" to have daubed Lau : Sterne ", as if it was not there in 
his time. 

One would think that the' tradition was satisfactorily 
confirmed. If the act was done, it must have been done 
before 1727, for in the latter part of that year the Master 
was superannuated, and therefore before Sterne was 14 
years of age, or after March 1730-1, when he was in his 
eighteenth year. It does not seem likely that he would 
then have been whipped by an Usher. There is however a 
serious contradiction between Sterne's statement and the 
facts which we have mentioned in a former Chapter. Sterne 
speaks of an "able Master". Now Mr. Lister had in 1723 
been already Master 35 years, and a contemporary says, on 
his death in 1728, that there had not been a rightly-qualified 
Master for nearly 40 years, and describes the Master as a 
good-for-naught fellow. In seems singular also that" in 1727 
Sterne's Uncle with his newly appointed fellow-governors 
"proceeded (as he says) to examine into the School" and 

* The ceiling was carefully washed and examined when the old building was 
taken down in 1879, but no trace of the inscription was found. 


found among other things " the present Master to be super- 
annuated, the Usher about 19 or 20, and, no doubt, a person 
far from bemg capable of discharging his duty ". This 
to the Archbishop, but a few days before in a letter to the 
Vicar he says, that the scholars to their great loss had for 
many years been neglected. How then could any one who had 
been a pupil at the time say that he had been under an able 
Master? Lavirence was perhaps acquainted with Mr. Lister, 
and had him in mind when describing the pedagogue which 
Mr. Shandy would not have for his son. At any rate we 
know that the persons of his tale were most, if not all, 
persons whom he had met with during his life. The reader 
will feel that the writer satirises somebody when he thus 
writes : — " The governor I make choice of shall neither lisp 
*' or squint or talk loud or look fierce or foolish ; or bite 
" his lips or grind his teeth or speak through his nose or 
" pick it, or blow it with his fingers ". 

" He shall neither walk fast, or slow, or fold his arms, 
"for that is laziness; or hang them down, for that is folly; 
" or hide them in his pocket, for that is nonsense. He 
" shall neither strike or pinch or tickle, or bite or cut his 
" nails or hawk or spit or snift or drum with his feet or 
"fingers in company. I will have him cheerful facete jovial; 
" at the same time prudent attentive to business, vigilant, 
" acute argute inventive quick in resolving doubts and 
"speculative questions; he shall be wise and judicious and 
" learned ". (Tristram Shandy, c. 48.) Verily Sterne must 
have met with some queer Schoolmasters ! 

Sterne evidently had a poor memory for dates at any 
rate. He did not remember whether he went to school in 
the autumn of 1723 or the following spring; he misdated 
his entrance into the University ; nor would anyone from 
his own statement think that he stayed there long enough 


to take a degree. Whether he learned anything under his 
able Master, is uncertain. At any rate it is said that "he 
would learn when he pleased and not oftener than once a 
fortnight". {Fitzgerald's Life of Sterne, p. 87.) 

I should never have questioned the tradition relating to 
his school, had it not been said that he was fixed at 
Hipperholme and not at Heath. Mr. Lister, of Shibden 
Hall, tells me that Miss Lister, who is now alive and about 
80 years of age, says she distinctly remembers her father 
telling her that Laurence Sterne used to walk to Hipperholme 
School from his uncle's house along an ancient footpath 
which formerly ran through the yard of Shibden Hall. She 
also states that Sterne was a frequent visitor at Shibden 
Hall when her grandfather was a boy ; and ht^ was born 
in the same year as Sterne. 

Is there however anything to confirm this ? The Listers 
and Sternes were well acquainted, as Richard Sterne had 
married for his first wife the widow of Samuel Lister, by 
birth a Priestley. The Master of Hipperholme School was 
the Rev. Nathan Sharpe from 1703 to 1733; and he was 
connected with the Priestleys, for the Priestleys' arms were 
quartered with those of the Sharpest. R. Sterne also speaks 
of his cousin Abraham Sharpe, who was appointed in 1727 
to the Curacy of Sowerby Bridge ; and one Abraham Sharpe 
of Hipperholme, Clerk, was married at Coley in 1727 to 
Ann Walker. R. Sterne, too, after his marriage, lived for 
six years at Shibden Hall. His daughter, Mary, is mentioned 
in P.R., under 1 704, as being " baptised by Mr. Sharp ", 
it being most unusual at that time to insert the name of 
the officiating clergyman : and it is somewhat singular that 
he should have been elected a Govern®r of Hipperholme 

* Sbarpe's arms are the same as those of the Sharpes of Hortou, to which 
family Archbishop Sharpe belonged. 


School in May, 1729. R. Sterne's family leanings then 
must have been towards Hipperholme School. Nathan Sharpe 
was in the prime of life in 1723, when Laurence was first 
"fixed at school", being then under fifty years of age, 
wliile Mr. Lister of Heath would be over sixty. I may add 
to this, that a Gentleman wrote to me from London in 1877, 
enquiring whether there were any registers belonging to 
the School, which contained the name of his Grandfather. 
He was in the habit, he said, of mentioning the anecdote 
of Laurence Sterne, as if the event which it records took 
place at the school, where he was educated about 1 745. 
But the writer could not say whether he was at or 
Hipperholme, and wished to know whether there was anything 
which would decide it. 

It may be said, that Laurence was sent to Jesus College, 
because his master Mr. Lister was of that College; but, 
to say nothing of the fact that a goodly number from the 
West Riding happened to be members of that College about 
that time, Laurence's grandfather, the Archbishop, had been 
Master of the College, and had left money for four Scholarships 
in it ; and one of the fellows, a Mr. Sty an Thirlby, had got 
R. Sterne in 1729 to promise a subscription to a work in 
which he was interested, thus showing that there was still 
some sort of connection between the family and that College. 

I must leave the matter unsettled. It is possible that 
Laurence was fixed at Heath and wrote his name there, 
but was afterwards removed to Hipperholme, when the 
infirmities of the Master at Heath caused the School to be 
neglected. The writing which was in existence in 1810 
might have been a recent invention, a forgery in fact. The 
real writing must at that time have been faint, as 80 years 
had elapsed since Sterne's time : besides, the School-room 
had often been whitewashed, as the Governors allowed the 
Master annualy a guinea for that purpose. 



§1. T HAVE said in Cliap. V. §2 that we have no description 
X of the School-buildings, except that Wright in 1738 
spoke of a stately Grammar School whose building was fair, 
fine, and large. The Schools Inquiry Commission is content 
with saying that " the premises are old and have a reverend 
and quasi-ecclesiastical aspect". To help the memory of 
old pupils, I propose giving in this Chapter a brief description 
of the building with which they have so many associations. 
It was as they remember, obscured from the road by several 
insignificant and private buildings, and was approached 
through an uneven and almost private yard. One of the 
Lithographs in this work shews it as it would appear when 
divested of its external incumbrances. When examined 
carefully, it would seem as if it consisted of a long room 
with three Elizabethan Windows in the side, over which 
had been erected at a later period a series of dormitories, 
with four windows of a very cottage-like nature. It is 
probable that the school-room had originally a high-pitched 
roof, and it was found when the building was pulled down, 
that the old oak timbers had been used as far as they served, 
and the deficiencies were supplied by new deal. At the 
west end of the north side there was an entrance, screened 
from the north winds by a low porch. On entering, the 
pupil beheld a room which was fifty feet six inches long, 
twenty-one feet ten inches broad, and fourteen feet six 


inches high'^. His eye would perhaps light first on the 
Master's awful desk at the east end, masking a door, by 
which he would afterwards frequently see a pleasant or 
frowning face emerge from the School-house : he would at 
first however become more familiar with the Usher's desk, 
which was placed near the entrance at the west end, exactly 
facing the Master's throne. As time went on, and he had 
opportunities of looking about him, he would observe three 
mullioned windows on the north side, each with two uprights 
and a transom, and three similiar windows on the south 
side, but each having three uprights and a transom. A few 
observant boys would discover that these windows were a 
foot broader than the northern onesf, and would account for 
it by the north side having to give room to a large fire-place 
as well as the entrance. But the most attractive sight to 
the new pupil would be a circular windowj at the west end, 

* This room ran so truly east and west that the rays of the setting sun on the 
day of the Autumnal Equinox shone straight through the west window. The 
house crossed the east end, due north and south, and projected beyond the school- 
room, so that the whole formed a Latin Cross with the eastern apex mutilated. 

t I had several times set " The School-room" as a subject for a Theme, but I 
do not recollect any notice being taken of the difference of the windows, unless 
attention was previously called to it. 

+ This window was always very attractive : it is the only piece of the old 
building that now exists, and it is inserted in the north end of the drill shed, 
looking towards Free-school Lane. I have never seen any account of this window. 
According to the statements of persons connected with the New Buildings, it was 
an insertion in the old room after it had been completed, the stones round it not 
fitting in well, but having to be packed with clay and odd pieces of stone. There 
is a similar window over the porch of Elland New-hall, a building which was 
refronted by one of the Saviles about the same time as the School-room was built. 
Whether it was a design furnished by a local mason or copied from one at a 
distance, there is nothing to shew. In Dr. Favour's Subscription List, there is an 
item in Latin, of which the translation is "Will: Savile of Wakefield one glass 
window", but there is nothing to prove its connection with the window in question, 
beyond the fact that a window was given by a Savile, and a window like ours was 
adopted in another Savile's residence about the same time. The only mention of 
our window that I have met with is in the Governors' Account Book : — " 1775 
Feb. 18 . Harper for Round Window £1. 1. 0". This would be for glazing, as 
tiie next account paid to Wm. & Jas. Harper is for ' new glazing '. 


which he would soon learn to distinguish as the apple-and- 
pear window, though he might at first imagine it to contain 
a representation in glass of a series of sections of snail shells 
revolving round a central circle. If he was inquisitive enough, 
he might learn that it was a Catherine-wheel window, or 
perhaps a rose window, or even be told that it was an oriel. 
But it would ever be a puzzle, how or why it got there. 
Some of his communicative school-fellows would soon be 
asking him if he had ever heard of old Laury, and would 
point out a partition of the ceiling where he was said to have 
painted his name : and he would look at the 28 partitions 
into which the ceiling was divided by the beams that supported 
the dormitories, and wonder if he could not himself do some- 
thing of the kind in future days ; but he would soon find an 
easier way of transmitting his name to after days as he looked 
at the wainscoting that surrounded the room, ancient and 
venerable in his eyes, but in reality of so late a date as 1816. 
If his position allowed him, his eyes would often be taken 
from his book, by the Stancliffe Tablet on the north side, and 
he would gaze and gaze again at the awful head on its top, 
which he would irreverently style " the Nigger ", though 
he might be emboldened some day with school-boy wit to 
put a pipe in its mouth. And if transferred, as he might 
be, to the opposite side of the room, he might (if he was a 
pupil in the last days) have gazed wistfully at the Tablet 
which told the Scholarships and the Honour of Senior Classic 
gained by a former pupil, J. W. Bonser, between 1866 and 
1870, dreaming perhaps that such things were often done, 
but not knowing that few schools except the greatest ever 
gain such a distinction as Senior Classic. There would be 
nothing else to engage his attention : he would not care to 
know that the sash windows'^ went out, and diamond panes 

' There might have been some names of interest scratched on these, hut none 
attracted my utteutiou, as I had then but recently come to Hahfax, except 
"John Lonsdale 170U". 


came in, with tlie New Year 1862, and that the desk at 
which he sat, consisting of a sloping slab of wood on an 
iron frame that was screwed down to the floor, was no older 
than the diamond panes. Often however did he feel annoyed 
by the stone floor on which he had to stand, though there 
was wood where he sat, and at the distance which lay between 
him and the fire, a distance so severely felt on a cold day, 
especially if he was in one of the upper classes. 

§2. (Contributed by the Architects themselves.) The New 
School Buildings are adjacent to the site of the old School 
and are designed in the Elizabethan style of Architecture, 
a feeling having been expressed by some of the Governors 
for the style of Architecture prevalent in the district at the 
time the old Building was erected. It having been thought 
judicious that some relic of the Old School should be per- 
petuated, the " Apple and Pear " window is placed in the 
North Gable of the Covered Drill Shed, and a replica of 
the same window introduced into the Centre Gable of the 
New Building. 

The Plan of the School Building is somewhat in the form 
of the letter E, the long side of which is towards Pree School 
Lane, and set back 50 feet from the road. The Centre Arm 
is formed by the Assembly Hall, which is placed longitudinally. 

Referring to the Ground Ploor, a corridor eight feet wide 
runs the whole length of the Building, and from it, to the right 
of the entrance Hall, access is obtained to the following 
rooms : — Cloak Eoom, with ingress and egress doors, Lavatory, 
Library 18 feet by 12 feet 6 inches, and two Class Rooms, 
each 20 feet by 18 feet. To the left of the Hall there are 
four rooms, one being the Masters' Room 18 feet by 14 feet, 
and the other Class Rooms each 20 feet by 18 feet. Opening 
out of the Vestibule is the Porter's Room, while directly 
opposite the entrance is the Assembly Room 60 feet by 30 


feet. This, the principal department in the Building, has a 
Queen Post open timbered roof ornamented with the character- 
istics of the style. In addition to the Main Entrance doors 
this room has two side doors for the use of the Masters. 
The first floor is reached from the entrance Hall by an 
open stone staircase, with oak balustrade, newels, etc., and 
together with the Vestibule doors, arching, etc., forms a 
characteristic feature of the interior of the Building. The 
main staircase is lighted from the recessed portion shewn 
in the front view, which, while fully answering the desired 
end, assists in breaking up what would otherwise be a long 
and perhaps monotonous frontage. 

The rooms on the first floor are disposed somewhat 
similarly to those on the ground floor, and comprise a Museum 
28 feet by 18 feet, Science Eoom 27 feet by 20 feet, Laboratory 
20 feet by 18 feet, and private Laboratory (for the use of 
the instructor in science) 18 feet by 12 feet. These Eooms 
are en suite. To the left of the Staircase there is a Class 
Room 20 feet by 18 feet, then the School of Art Department 
consisting of three Rooms somewhat similar to the Science 

In the sub-ground floor is located the Dining Room 35 
feet by 18 feet, easily accessible from the entrance Hall. A 
Cooking Kitchen, China Closet, Lavatory, etc., are connected 
with the Dining Room, while to the back are situated the 
apartments of the caretaker. 

To the south-west of the School Building are situated the 
Covered Drill Ground (50 feet by 33 feet) and the Gymnasium 
(50 feet by 24 feet), the latter having attached to it two small 
rooms, also a Gallery for visitors with access from the covered 
Drill Ground. 

The warming and ventilation to the School Building are 
upon the most approved methods. The rooms, etc., have 
rows of hot water pipes upon the low pressure system which 


is considered the most healthful. The Masters' Room and 
Dining Room have fireplaces in them, in addition to being 
warmed by hot water pipes. The Ventilation is effected b}^ 
Boyle's patent outlets, and Shillito & Shoreland's patent 
Vertical pipe inlets. 

The work has been executed by the following Contractors 
who are all local men : — Masonry by Messrs. Chas. Bolton 
& Co. ; Joinery, by Messrs. S. Wadsworth & Son ; Sla.ting 
and Plastering, by Mr. Alf, S. Blackburn ; Plumbing, Glazing, 
and Heating Apparatus, by Mr. John Naylor ; Painting, 
Mr. Jonas Binns ; Iron Railing and Gates, by Messrs. Hirst 
Bros. ; the Locks and Ironmongery were supplied by Mr. 
R. W. Parkin, of Sowerby Bridge. 

The Architects are Messrs. Leeming & Leeming, of 
Northgate Chambers, Halifax, and Mr. R. J. Bryan has 
acted as Clerk of the Works. 

Operations were commenced by the Contractors in August 
1877. The Old School was vacated in April 1879, and with 
many inconveniences the New Buildings were first used on 
April 17th, but as new furniture was required, and the 
approaches and play-ground were unfinished, there was no 
formal opening. The old buildings have been removed, and 
some alterations in the Master's house are still in progress 
(October, 1879), but some time will yet elapse before all is 
complete. But when finished, the building, with school 
furniture of the newest design, will be well worthy of 
inspection ; and then, " Open, Sesame ! " 




1581- TO 1875. §4. THE GOVERNING BODY 


§1. TT7E have three lists of the first Governors of the 
V V School ; one in the Charter itself, another (in the 
Parish Registers) with their residences annexed, and a third 
in Brearcliffe's MS. together with their successors. There 
is also in P.R. a list of those who were elected on the death 
of the first " before the School was built " in 1598. It is 
difficult to make out the exact succession ; even Brearcliffe 
differs from the P.R., and we have no record at all of the 
election of some. The date on the left of the names in the 
accompanying Table is that of election, except when in a 
parenthesis ; then, it denotes merely some year in which their 
names happen to be mentioned : the date on the right is that 
of death or resignation. The line just before 1607 shews that 
there was a break in the line of succession. There is also 
no account of Governors in the latter part of the seventeenth 
century and the beginning of the eighteenth. 

As the first Governors belonged to the most important 
families of the neighbourhood, some notice of them may be 
interesting, as the families to which they belonged have 
altogether passed away. 

(1.) John Lacy was the eldest son of Hugh Lacy of 
Cromwell-bottom, and belonged to a family which once 
possessed the largest estates in the West Riding. He lived 
at Brearley in Midgley, not far from Mytholmroyd. His 
mother was a Savile, one of his sisters married John Deane, 



another Governor, and Vicar Asliburne married Elizabeth 
Lacy, probably another sister. He died in 15S5, shortly 
after the Charter of the School was signed. His son John 
was elected Governor in his place : he sold Brearley. The 
Ashburnes were on very good terms with the Lacys, as one 
of them lent the little bell of the Parish Church to Brearley, 
where there was probably a private chapel, which was not 
returned until the latter end of 1626, when it was '-fetched 
back again", as the Register says. 

(2.) John Savile was the eldest son of Henry Savile, of 
Bradley in Stainland, and Ellen Ramsden. He was born 
in 1545, and sent to Brasenose College, Oxford, in 1561. 
He left it without taking a Degree, going to the Inner Temple 
in London to study the Law. He became Sergeant of Law 
in 1594, was made a member of the Council of the North, 
which had its Head quarters at York, and was appointed 
Baron of the Exchequer in 1598. Though interested more 
than others in the foundation of our School, he was taken 
away from the neighbourhood so much by his public duties, 
without having any one to feel the interest in the School 
which he himself felt, that his laudable desires were on the 
point of failure ; and all the efforts made and the expense 
incurred would have been in vain, had it not been for the 
zealous co-operation of Dr. Favour, in whom he seems to 
have placed the greatest confidence. He had collected 
together a most influential body of Governors, his neighbours 
and friends, but, for some cause or other, they were incapable 
of joint action. 

(3.) Brian Thornhill lived at Fixby Hall, which his 
ancestors had occupied for 200 years. His grandmother was 
Janet Savile of Newhall. He belonged to a younger branch 
of the family, the eldest having ended in Elizabeth Thornhill, 
who married Henry Savile and lived at Thornhill, near 


Wakefield. Brian died without issue, and his brother John 
succeeded him in the estates, and was elected a Governor 
on his death. 

(4.; Francis Ashburne became Yicar of Halifax on the 
resignation of his father in 1573. He married Elizabeth 
Lacy, and died in 1585. 

(5.) Henry Savile lived at Blaidroyd in Southowram, 
sometimes called 'The Bank'. His mother was a Savile, of 
Copley, and his great-grandmother a Lacy. He afterwards 
came to live at Shaw-hill, and died in London in 1617. 

(6.) Henry Farrar lived at Ewood, not far from Brearley 
in Midgley, a manor which came to him on his marriage 
with Mary, the daughter of John Lacy. He paid the expense 
incurred in obtaining the Charter of the School. 

(7.) William Dean of Exley married into the family of 
John Hanson, who was another Governor, and was connected 
also with the Wades. His brother's grand-daughter was 
the wife of the celebrated Bishop Lake. The estate of Exley 
was subsequently sold to the Greames. 

(8.) Eobert Wade lived at Fieldhouse in Sowerby, which 
he had bought of Henry Farrar. His family became connected 
by marriage with the Hansons, the Deanes, and the Ramsdens. 

(9.) John Deane was of Deane-house in Midgley, and so 
was close neighbour to the Lacys and the Farrars. His 
wife was a sister of John Lacy. He had "departed with 
his family out of the Vicarage and Parish of Halifax " before 
January 1607, as the Parish Register tell us. 

(10.) Anthony Hyrst or Hurst belonged to Greetland. I 
have found nothing whatever about him, except that his 
son Henry was Governor in his stead before 1598. 

(11.) George Firthe lived at Firthhouse, which was at 
the extremity of Barkisland most remote from Halifax. His 
house subsequently came by purchase into the possession of 
the Hortons, who pulled it down and built a new house on 


the site. He is mentioned in a will in 1588 with George 
and John Savile. 

(12.) John Hanson of Woodhouse, Junior. He lived at 
Woodhouse in Rastrick. His family was connected with 
the Saviles by marriage, and also with the Wades. Some 
of the Hansons were the great lawyers of the neighbourhood, 
and great antiquarians. Nicholas, the brother of John, 
describes himself in his will as "one of the servants and 
clerks of Sir John Savile". 

The brief account which I have given of the original 
Governors will serve to shew that they were very closely 
connected together by marriage or neighbourhood. They 
lived for the most part at a distance from the town of Halifax, 
and grouped themselves round the Saviles at Bradley, or the 
Lacys at Brearley, and so represented the Parish rather than 
the Town of Halifax; and, as I said before, the School was 
accidentally situated near the Town, because the Saviles 
and Farrars had some waste land that they could afford to 
part with in the neighbourhood. 

The twelve Governors, whom I have mentioned, are 
specified by name in tlie Original Charter. It is also there 
stated that "there shall be for ever within the said Parish 
"and Vicarage of Halifax twelve of the discreetest and 
" honestest men dwelling within the same Parish and Vicarage 
"for the time being which shall be called the Governors of 
"the possessions revenues and goods of the Free Grammar 
" School .... during their lives so that they use themselves 
" well and faithfully towards the said School .... Whensoever 
" any one or more die or otherwise dwell out of the said 
" Parish and Vicarage of Halifax and with their family depart 
" thence the 'other Governors .... [shall] choose and nominate 
"any other meet person or persons .... being above the 
"age of twenty-four years &c. " The election wss to be 


made within a month of the vacancy, and if "it was not 
made in form ", the Archbishop of York was to elect. The 
Governor elect was to take an oath, and could not act until 
he had done so. 

N.B. — There was no ex-ofl&cio Governor, as used to be 
supposed. No Vicar of Halifax seems to have been Governor 
between 1712 and 1779. 

§2. I have in Chap. VII. given an account of the con- 
firmation of the Charter in 1729. There is very little 
necessity for going into detail respecting the new Governors. 
The reader will remember Mr. Lister's letter, in which their 
nomination is atttributed solely to Mr. Sterne. But he seems 
to have had some difficulty in getting a suitable body to 
act with him. Mr. Lister speaks of himself as having been 
applied to, and also of a Mr. Turner (about whom I find 
no further mention) ; he puts in his list a Mr. Ramsbothom 
also, and leaves out the old Governor, Mr. Greame, as if 
he had been at first unwilling to continue in office, though 
Mr. Sterne had two months before sent only eleven names 
to the Archbishop. He was probably gained over by Mr. 
Sterne, as no one would have been left to administer the 
oath of qualification. At any rate Mr. Lister's letter shews 
that there were doubts even after Mr. Sterne's nomination 
of eleven. Many hung back, having taken fright probably 
at the pecuniary difficulties which Trustees had recently 
encountered. The nucleus of the new body was Mr. Sterne; 
he first gained' over his father-in-law, Mr. Booth ; there 
would not be much difficulty in persuading John and James 
Batley, Mr. Farrar, and Mr. Ramsbothom, who had suffered 
directly or indirectly from the decision of the Commission, 
mentioned in Chap. VII. Mr. Burton's name was perhaps 
added out of compliment. I do not find any mention of 


the four others. He would probably have a difficulty on 
Mr. Eamsbothom's refusal to serve, as he certainly had when 
Mr. Burton, Mr. Stot, and Mr. Ramsden declined : but he 
eventually got over all obstacles, and was able to fill up the 
vacancies. One of the three Governors elected after the 
receipt of the Charter, W. Walker, was perhaps a relation 
of R. Walker, whose estate had felt the Commission's heavy 
hand. Mr. Sterne's success did good service to the School, 
though his plan had had its origin in a discreditable state 
of things, to say the least. He had evidently to pay for it ; 
but it was to his special perseverance that the School at 
length became useful to the community, and was more closely 
connected with the Town and its immediate neighbourhood. 
From his time there has never been wanting a succession 
of faithful and conscientious Governors, to whose able discharge 
of their duties special testimony was borne in the Report 
of the Schools Inquiry Commission. Thus was good evolved 
out of evil, and selfishness used as an instrument to promote 
the general welfare. 





1581 John Lacy Aug. 



John SaTile Feh. 160f 

John Lacy (son) 


1607 Anthony Wade 



Henry Savile (son) Sep. 1632 

Jo : Fourness 

(1624) Eichard Dearden Jun. 


(1629) Thomas Whitley 

(1635) John Whitley 


John Savile 

(1714) Henry Greame Nov 





Eichard Sterne Oct. 1732 

(1744) Christopher Eawson 

John Eamsden (resd.) 
(of Well-head) 

William Grimshaw 

1780 John Eawson 



Josh. Priestley 1819 

(of Stoney Royd) 


1816 John Eawson 

(of the Shay ) 

George Priestley (resd.) 

1820 WilUam John Norris 


John Eawson 

1837 Charles Norris 


William Henry Eawson 

1838 John Eawson 

(of Brockwell) 






Brian Tliornhill 

Oct. 1598 


Francis Ashburne 

Jul. 1585 

John Tbornhill (brot 


Henry Ledsham 

(resd.) 1593 

Johu Thoriihill {son. 

John Favour 

Mar. 162f 


Thomas Thornhill (I 

iro titer) 


Kobert Clay 
Hugh Eamsden 
Henry Eamsden 
Bichard Marsh 

Apr. 1828 

Jul. 1629 

Mar. 16:)f 

(resd.) 1662 


Timothy Booth 

Dec. 1736 


Thomas Bui-ton 


1729(?)James Tetlay (Tetl 


!)\V t 


Samuel Lister 


Cyril Jackson 


Wilham Haigh 


Lulce Hoyle 

■ (declined) 


Thomas Dyson 


Eev. John Lister 


Samuel Lees 


Valentine Stead 


George Greenup 


Joseph Bramley 


Mason Stanhope Kenny (resd.) 


John Bramley 


Thomas William Eawson 


Stansfeld Eawson 



John Edward Wainhonse (resd.) 


George Pollard 

May 1866 


Thomas Turlay 

Sep. 1871 


John Staveley 
Joshua Appleyard 

Jan. 1870 



5. " 



Henry Savile 


Henry Farrar 


Anthony Foxcroft 


John Brigge 




William Han'ison 



(1629) Humphres Drake 


John Drake 




James Batley 


Robrrt Eamsden 
{of Siddal Hall) 




James Wetherherd 


John Waterhouse 


William Newby 


Samuel Lees 


William Eawson 


Luke Hoyle 


Eiward Wainhouse 



George Smith 


John Staveley 



Thomas Preston 




Edward Akroyd 


Thomas Preston (Junr.) 


Edward Eawson 






William Deane 

1584 Eobert Wade Dec. 


Eobert Deane (son) 

Gilbert Saltenstall Dec. 


Eichard Sunderland Jun. 


(1635) Abraham Sunderland 



Henry Haigh 

1727 Elkanah Farrar 


John Baldwin 

1760 William Greame 


Henry Wood (Vicar) Oct. 1790 

17(i6 John Edwards 


Henry Wm.CoulthurstDec.l817 

(1792) John Edwards ( 



Samuel Knight Jan. 1827 

1814 Henry Lees Edwards 


Charles Musgrave Apr. 1875 

1848 Henry Edwards 




1584 John Deane 

(resd.) (?) 

1007 Isaak Waterhouse Feb. 160t% 
Anthony Waterhonse Mar. 1C2^ 
John Clough 


1584 Anthony Hyrst 

Henry Hyrst ( son) 

(1624) John Cooper 
(1635) James Murgatroyd 


John Stot (dc 



John Batley 


W. Walker 


John Waterhouse 


William Smith 


John Waterhouse 


John Priestley 


John Waterhouse 



Josh. Lister 


John Dearden 


John Dearden (Junr.) 


John Edwards Dyson 


William Haigh 


George Haigh 



William Rothwell 




1584 George Firth 

(1611) Eobert Hemingway Mar. 161f 
(lf524:) Jasper Blythman 
(1629) Samuel Lister 

Thomas Lister Jan. 167J 


1584 John Hanson 


John Thorp 
(1627) Nathaniel Wateihouse Jun.1645 


Eobert Eamsden 



Eichard Taylor 

(of Wliarleliouse) 


John Lodge 


Thomas Eamsden 


John Winn 



Eobert Parker 


John Eoyds 


Charles Hudson 


Eichard Eoyds 


John Dyson 

[of Willoio Field) 


John Haigh 


Eobert Paley, M.D. (resd.) 


Thomas Eamsden 
[of Heath Hall) 


Jeremiah Eawson 


Thomas Eobson 




Samuel Waterhouse 
Samuel Waterhouse (Junr.) 



Some of the regulations made by the Endowed Schools 
Commission concerning the Governors are stated in their 
Scheme as follows : — 

"The Governing Body shall ultimately consist of fifteen 
persons, of whom two shall be ex officio Governors, nine 
representative or elective, and four co -optative. 

" The ex officio Governors shall be The Mayor of Halifax, 
and The Chairman of the School Board of Halifax, if they 
will respectively undertake to act. 

"• The Eepresentative Governors shall be elected, Four 
by the Municipal Corporation of Halifax ; Two by the School 
Board of Halifax ; One by the Governing Body of the 
Hipperholme Grammar School ; One by the Governing Bodies 
of the Endowed School at Boothtown, founded by Jeremiah 
Hall, and of the Endowed School at Elland, founded by Joseph 
Brooksbank, alternately ; One by the Governing Bodies of 
the Endowed School at Rastrick, founded by Mary Law, 
and of the Endowed School at Sowerby, founded by Paul 
Bairstow, alternately. 

"The Representative Governors shall be elected to office 
for the term of five years, and at the expiry of such term 
shall be re-eligible. 

" The Co-optative Governors shall be appointed to the office 
for the term of eight years, and be capable of re- appointment. 
The first Co-optative Governors (1873) shall be appointed to 
office for life, being the eleven present Governors. 

" Women may be Governors. 


The first Members of tlie new Governing Body were : — 

" f 

Eh ] 

Thomas Wayman 
John Henry Swallow 


Chairman of School Board. 

John Dyson Hutchinson* "^ 
Samuel Thomas Midgley 

John William Longbottom 
a -i' Nathan Whitley 

James Hope 

John Edwards Hill 

y Elected by the Toicn Council, 1874. 


|. Elected by the School Board, 1874. 

Charles Musgrave 
John Waterhouse 
Edward Kawson 
Henry Edwards 
Thomas Eobson 
Samuel Waterhouse 
William Henry Eawsou 
Edward Akroyd 
WilUam Eothwell 
Joshua Appleyard 
John Eawson 

{died 1875.) 
{died 1879.) 

(died 1877.) 

* Oct., 1879, Mr. Alderman Hutchinson not seeking re-election, Mr. Councillor 
Hall was chosen in his stead ; the other Members of the Council were re-elected. 

t Oct., 1879, The Eev. James Hope being no longer a member of the School 
Board, Mr. Alfred Eamsden was elected in his stead. Mr. Hill was re-elected. 

I Mrs. Judd was subsequently elected as representative of the Endowed School 
at Eastrick. 

N.B. — Mr. Edward Crossley also acted as Governor, during his Mayoralty, 
from November 1874 to November 1876. 



A COPY of the Deed by which, the Saviles conveyed their 
gift of land is in the Parish Register. As it is not 
only in Latin, but also has many contractions, I will present 
it to the reader in an English dress. 

Let present and future know that we the Honourable 

Lord Gilbert Earl of Shrewsbury of the noble Order of the 

Garter Knight, Edward Saville Esquire son and heir of 

Henry Savile Knight deceased lately Lord of the Manor of 

Skircot in the county of York and George Savile Knight, 

have enfeoffed delivered granted and of love towards our 

country and good learning have confirmed to the Governors 

of the possessions revenues and goods of the Free Grammar 

School of Queen Elizabeth in the parish, of Halifax in the 

county of York commonly named " The Free Gramer schole 

of Queen Elizabeth " by virtue of a royal licence under the 

great seal of England bearing date at Westminster the 

fifteenth day of February in the twenty-seventh year of the 

reign of the said Lady the Queen one messuage or house 

called " a Schole-howse " lately built and six acres of land, 

weak stony and bruery [debilis lapidosse et bruer'] by 

estimation now [modo] of the annual value of eight pence 

lying contiguous, about the said messuage with the pertinences 

[cum p'tinen'] in Skircot aforesaid lying and existing- on 


the south side of the messuage and land in the same place 
now [modo] in the tenure of Michael Smyth and abutting 
on the land of the same Michael on the north side, on the 
waste or common of Skircot on the west and south sides 
and on the same common and the land of Abraham Milner 
on the east side. To have and to hold the aforesaid messuage 
or house called " a Schole-howse " and the aforesaid six acres 
of land weak, stony and bruery with the aforesaid pertinences 
to the forementioned governors and their successors, to hold 
of the chief lords of that fee by the services thence due 
and of right accustomed. And we indeed the forementioned 
Earl Edward Savile, and George Savile Knight and our heirs 
the aforesaid messuage or house called "a Schole-howse" 
and the aforesaid six acres of land weak, stony and bruery 
with the pertinences to the forementioned Governors and 
their Successors against us and our heirs will guarantee 
and for ever defend by [these] presents. . . . 

In testimony of which we have put to this present 
document of ours our seals. Dated the fourteenth day of 
August in the fortieth year of the reign of our aforesaid 
Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queen of England France 
and Ireland defender of the faith, in the year of the Lord 1598. 

Gilb : Shrewsbery. Edward Savill : George Savill. Sealed 
and delivered on the 4th day of October in the year below 
written at " Sheffield Lodge* ", with the grant of the below 
written George Savill Knight of four oaks in " Eland p'ke " 
[park] for building the School below specified. George 
Savile. Jo : Savile. Jo : Lacy. Hen : Savile, Randale 
Catherall, nicol. Hanson. 1598. 

* SheflQeld Lodge or Manor was built as a country-house in Sheffield Park 
some two miles from Sheffield about the beginning of the sixteenth century by 
George, the fourth Earl. Hunter in his " Hallamshire " gives a view of what was 
left when he wrote his work. 


I propose now to lay before my readers some of the 
early Subscription-lists which are to be found in the Parish 
Registers. Brearcliffe has them also in his MSS., though 
occasionally a difference occurs. On consideration I give 
them in their original Latin, because misinterpretations have 
been given of them or false deductions drawn from them, 
and will append a few notes. 


Nomina' benefactoru p' edificatione scholse de Halifax, 
habitatiii ext. p'och de Hal. 

1. Eich. Saltestall miles Maior Londo iii^^ 6s 8<l 

2. Gibts comes Salop : et eius comitissa impetratu 

Geor. Savile dono dedenit 4oi' querc' 

3. Henries Savile p'pos : coUegij Eton et cust^ 

colleg. Mertonesis in Oxon. [Provost of Eton 
College and Warden of Merton College in Oxford] xls 

4. Will. Thornhill canonicss Wigor. [Canon of Worcestor] xls 
6. Robt*^ Kaye de Woodsame armig. xx^ 

6. Guil. Ramsden de Longley armig. xx^ 

7. Jo : Jackson de Etherthorpe armig. xx^ 

8. Edw. Mawde vie' de Wakfeelde xs 

9. Bilsbye ostiari^ scaccarij [Usher of the Exchequer] x^ 

10. Tho. Crosland de Northcrosland xs 

11. Nicol. Feney, quod, schol. Hal. xs 

12. Tho. Norcliffe nats in Barksland x^ 
13.+ Jo: Nalson de Meathley in Lyme xiis+ 
14. Michael Doughty gen: nats in Oved xls 
16. David Wat'house cle. coronse bac : reg."^ xl^ 

16. Jo : Milner gen. qudd schol : Hal xs 

17. Jo: Preestley ar. nat^ in Soarby x^ 

* "Clerk of the Crown of the Queen's Bench". 


18. Jacobs Stansfeeld armig. xs 

19. Tho : Pilkington armig. xx" 

20. Will. Ashton de Clegg -xs 

21. Rich. Cole armig xs 

22. Jo : Lister Aldermanus de Hull iijft 

23. Jaspar Blythman armig. xl^ 

24. Edw. Ashton Rector de Middleto xxs 

25. Shuttleworth et Jo : Preestlej supa noTats \ 
executores MicheF Rect: de Oxhill in L iiijUj 
comit. Warw. I 

26. Gnil. Savile de Wakfeeld vitri. una fenestr 

27. Rich : Bewmont de Wh. armig. xx« 

28. Jo : Ramsden Gen. xx^ 

29. Samuel Saltestall de Huswick ge. xx^ 

30. Robts Waterhouse de Harthill xs 

31. Josuali Smith vie' hudd'feld x^ 

32. Jo : Armitage ar. x^ 

33. Robts Nettleton de Almubery xs 

34. Edwards Copley de Batley, arm : xxs 

35. Alexandr Stocke Rector de Heaton. xx^ 
36.tA Doct. Benet Cancel. Eborac' p' p'te psenit: | 

xpoph»" Oldfeeld adulterij crimine covicti. j ^^^ 

37. Henry Foxcroft de Batley gen. x^ 

38. Marmaduke Eland gen. xs 

Su xllb. vjs 8d: 

* Henry Michell was Eector of Oxhill near Kineton in Boiith Warwickshire 
from 20 Jan., 1558, to 1597. It is worth noting that from this Church (a 
remarkable Norman building) the clerk followed by the congregation turned out 
on Sunday, Oct. 23rd, 1G42, to witness the battle at Edgehill. I think that the 
Eector belonged to the Mitchells of Scowt in Sbibden. 

t It is singular tbat Doctor Benet L.L.D. was in 1616 Chancellor of Canterbuiy, 
when the will of Gilbert Earl of Shrewsbury, mentioned at the beginning of this 
List, was proved before him. 

I In this. sum the writer has left out the value of the lime 12s., which will 
account for 4- . . + in that item. B. has also read + as if it were 4, and so made 
£40 19 0. 



Nola benefactoru in p'ochia de Halifax inhabitatiii p' 
edificat : scholse et Inmratione eiusde et terraru eidem 
contigue adiacetiii 

39. Henries Farrar Ar. charta incorporationis snis siiptib^ et 

labore procuravit et obtinuit. 

40. Joan. Savile serviens ad lege 

(serjeant at law) 

41. Bria: Thornhill cu Jo: fratre 

42. Joan. Favour 11, Doctor in pecu: 

Dictio : Anglicolat : Lexi. grsecolat 

43. Joan. Lacy de Briarley ar. 

44. Jacob : Kinge de Sk. testa'^ : leg : 
46. Tho : Hopkinson de Eland test : leg : 

46. Jo : Hanson Senior de Woodhouse 

47. Jo : Longbotha de North, test : leg : 

48. Rich: Townend p' testam. iij 

49. Antony Hurst de greetl. p' test. 

50. Tho: Haworth de Hal p' test. 

Daniel Foxcrofte xls et xxs 

Robt Greenefeeld xls et xx^ 

Robt Lawe xls 

Brian Crowther 
Edward Broadley 
John Waterhouse 
Willm Harison 

Yid. Will. Baerstow {Vid. is Widow) 
Rich. Lawe 

Joa: Baerstowe cu ux. fil. (i.e. with his wife's son) 
Tho: Warde 


6 querc^ 

4 querc^ 



lb vjs 8d 









• test., testa : , testam : , mean will, and leg : Jegavit or bequeathed : p' is for 
per i.e. by. 


Robt. Greenwoode xxs 

Robt Exley xx« 

Henry Hojle xx^ 

Jolin Mawde xx^ 

Rich. Maye xx^ 

Josephe Wormale xiii's 4'i 

Jolin Wilson xiijs 4d 

xxv* xvis viiid 

a reliquis inhabitatibs ] 

M - • I xv^''' is ixd 

in mmoribs sumis ) — 

Su 40ll> xviijs yd 

Isaake Waterhouse de Woodhouse iijib Qs gd 

Anton. Wade de Kingcross iijib vis gd 

Jacob : Kinge sup* noiat" xl^ 

Rich : Waterhouse Mertleb. (?) xx^ 

Edward Whitakers cii fil. Edw xxvis 8<i 

John Lockwood xx^ 

a reliquis ijlb xiiijs iiijd 

Su 14 .. 14 .. 4 


It would be too tedious to put down all the minor sums 
added to the Subscription from the various Townships : it 
will be sufficient to give the sum total collected in each. 





8. d. 


.. 13 



Stainland 1 

11 6 


. 7 





.. 6 


Toothill ... ] 

2 10 


. 10 




14 6 


. 6 

.. 8 




Heptonstall... ... 2 

Stansfeild 2 

2 6 

Midgley ... . 

; 3 
. 1 




Waddesworth ... 3 

4 8 

18 2 



17 6 

Greetland . 

. 5 



John Hogg of Shelf 5 

13 4 

Barkisland ... 

. 1 



(hy will) 


.. 2 



John Northend of") 
Folde in North- [■ 1 
owram j (b 


y will) 




5 2 


]6 9 


1 11 




s. d. 

I. Subscriptions outside tl 

le Parish 40 

6 8 


in the Ps 

Irish 23 

1 8 


in Halifax 

c 25 

16 8 



(in small sums)... 16 

1 9 


in Skirco 

te 14 

14 4 


in other ^ 

Downships 87 

1 11 




I think that anyone will be able to make out the above 
list, if he knows that ' comes ' means Earl, ' miles ' Jcnight, 
ar. arm. armig. esquire, and gen. (for generosus) gentleman. 
He must also know that (-) over a letter denotes the omission 
of m or n, and that s at the end of the word is for us, and 
that Su is for Summa, i.e, Sum Total. The heading of the 
first list is, in English, "Names of the benefactors for (jpro) 
the building of the School of Halifax, dwelling outside the 
parish of Halifax ", and that of the second is ." Names of 
benefactors dwelling in the parish of Halifax for the building 
of the School and the walling of the same and of the lands 
contiguously adjacent to the same". I have found out a 
great deal of information with respect to all the subscribers 
except Bilsbye, Crosland, Cole, and Lockwood ; but it would 
only encumber this work to give it. If any one will look 
at a Map of the West Riding, he will see that most of the 
subscribers lived in the country extending between Stainland 
and Wakefield, a country in which the Savile influence was 
very great at the time. It is necessary to state what is 
meant by some places. Etherthorpe or Edderthorpe, i. e., 
Edric-thorpe, was in Darfield, and was held by a son-in-law 
of Sir J. Savile ; Huntswick or Huntwick was between 
Wakefield and Pontefract; Clegg was in Rochdale parisb, 
but the Ashtons both of that and of Middleton were connected 
with the West Riding families; Harthill was near Shefiield, 
but its owner was connected with the Waterhouses of Shibden ; 
and Eland (38) lived at Carlinghow near Batley. There is a 
difficulty in one or two points. I do not know why Feney 
(11) and Milner (16) are spoken of as quondam, schol. 
(scholars?), as the School was not yet built. A Nicholas 
Feney died in Almondbury in 1616, aged 78, and it is said 
that the family then became extinct. Bilsbye, Cole, and 
Benet (who was LL.D. and a civilian) were probably con- 


nected with the courts, which Sir John Savile had to do with, 
either at York or Westminster. It is singular that the will 
of the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is at the head of the List, 
was proved in 1616 before Dr. Benet, whose name is at the 
end. There is something curious about (13). There were 
Nalsons"^ at Methley in Henry the Eighth's reign, but it was 
a pretty good distance for twelve shillings- worth of lime to 
travel. This is the only instance of an English Word in 
the lists, which are in Latin, and also of the value of material 
being given. But it was evidently an after-thought, for it is 
not reckoned in the sum total. 

Almost every one in the Halifax List bore office, either 
as Churchwarden or Constable, and so came under the 
influence of Dr. Favour. Edward Whitakers was Rector of 
Thornhill, and therefore a dependent of the Saviles. It seems 
clear then that Sir John Savile, or his agent Dr. Favour, 
got most of the subscriptions. But the principal ones were 
got outside the parish, and very little credit is due to what 
we now call the Town of Halifax, except as regards Brian 
Crowther's Legacy. 

As regards (42), we may say that what Dr. Favour gave 
in money he kept secret to himself; but it was well known 
that the School owed to him a Latin-English Dictionary 
and a Greek-Latin Lexicon, and also a large Bible. (See 
p. 19.) He also mentions in one of his letters (L.P.CL.) 
that he and Sir John Savile had been "enforced to enlarge 
their benevolence above that that they had before given". 
The lists in P.R. were probably drawn up after his death. 

* In 1635 a "Mr. Nelson" of Hipperholme subscribes 10s. Od. There were 
Nelsons or Nalsons in possession of Dove House near there. I have thought it 
possible that ' in Lyme ' may be some corruption of Mytholme written badly, just 
as Mertlob : is of Hear dough Bottom. 



We also find the following in the Parish Register : — 
December 3 Anno Dni 1635. 
A particular of such moneyes as have been given towards 
the purchase of lands for the free grammar schoole of Queene 
Elizabeth neare Hallifax this last yeare and collected by 
Henry Ramsden vicar of Hallifax. The summe to be collected 
was one hundred four score and tenne pounds. 

Given by such as live out of the Vicaredge. 
Imprimis (55) Mr.Charles Greenwood parson of Thornhill£20 

Itm (56) Mr. Beniamen Wade of New Grange 
Itm (57) Mr. Okewell vicar of Bradford 
Itm (58) Mr. NicoU minister of Thometon 

Given by the governors of the said schoole 
Imprimis (59) Mr. John Savile of Methley, esquier 

Item out of moneyes left by (60) Mr. Richard \ 
Sunderland of Coley Hall Esquier deceased to 
be disposed of by his sons to good uses 
Itm (61) Mr. Abraham Sunderland esquier 
Itm (62) Mr. John ffarrer esquier 
Itm (63) Mr. James Murgetroid 
Itm (64) Mr. Daniell ffoxcroft 
Itm (65) Mr. John Drake, Horley Green 
Itm {66) Mr. John Whitley of Wheatley 



3 68 
5 00 

72 6 8 

Summary of small Subscriptions. 


... £41 5 8 

Sowerby ... 

.. £10 




... 14 16 4 

Warley ... . 

.. 7 



... 17 16 8 





Midgley . . . 

... 1 13 4 


. 3 

Skircoat . . . 

... 5 11 8 

Norland ... . 

. 4 


Ovenden . . . 

... 10 1 8 




£122 11 4 


I have given an account of (55) in Chap. X. p. 65. (56) was 
son of Anthony VV^ade of King" Cross, who had married Judith 
Foxcroft of New Grange, near Leeds. (57) was Vicar of 
Bradford from 1615 to 1639. His name is generally spelled 
Okell ; he was uncle to Daniel Barraclough of Halifax, whose 
will is given in L.P.LIX. (58) was probably one of the "four 
learned preachers " sons of Richard Nichol of Southowram 
(P.R. under 1603). There are three additional subscriptions 
mentioned besides the above, amounting to £1 16 8, so that 
the sum total is £196 14 8, which exceeds the statement in 
the paragraph preceding the Lists. The Lists are signed 
by Jo: Parrer, Antony Foxcroft, Nathaniell Waterhouse, 
Thos : Lister, Edw. Hanson, John Drake. 



IT is of great advantage to a provincial school to have 
exhibitions or scholarships attached to it. The schools 
of York, Shrewsbury, Manchester, and Birmingham, for 
instance, have be6n able to send many scholars to the 
Universities, who have gained great honour for their schools, 
and have obtained by their ability high positions in the 
world. Fifty pounds per annum will not of course pay the 
expenses incurred at the Universities, but will be a considerable 
assistance to parents who are desirous of sending their sons 
there. Scholarships supply a stimulus to the scholars, and 
very few who gain them fail in obtaining additional pecuniary 
advantages, which enable them to go through the University 
Course without much burden to their parents. Birmingham 
School for instance has not only produced many men who 
took high degrees and are occupying useful positions in the 
world, but can reckon among its alumni the Bishops of 
Durham and Truro, and Canon Westcott, who were its 
exhibitioners. And many have left their mark on the history 
of the country, who owed their all to similar support. But 
at Heath School there is nothing of the kind. It has certainly 
an interest in some scholarships, but it has to compete with 
other schools, so that a parent can never reckon on any 
help as certain, however able his son may be, and those 
who have contributed any honour to the School by taking 
University Honours have done so without its assistance. 
Learning with an empty pocket cannot expect to succeed. 


and there is here no encouragement to men of slender means 
to send their sons, however talented, to a University. It is 
worth notice that the exhibitions at the schools which I 
have mentioned are due to the liberality of men who lived 
two or three centuries ago, and the present generation which 
feels a pride in the successes of those schools does so without 
having itself contributed anything towards them. 

I have said that Heath School has some interest in 
exhibitions or scholarships, and I will now give some account 
of them; but I may say, Has no one any wish to raise the 
status of the School by adding to them? It should always 
be borne in mind that the School was not made for itself, 
but to prepare its scholars for something that was beyond 
it. Its education at the best was not intended to be final, 
but only preparatory for a higher stage. 

Let us see what has been done with a view to this. 
John Milner, a native of Skircoat, and a scholar of Heath 
School, successively Vicar of St. John's Church in Leeds, 
and of the Parish Church there, had an only son, Thomas, 
who became Vicar of Bexhill in Suffolk. This son bequeathed 
in 1721 a sum of money to Magdalene College at Cambridge, 
to provide Scholarships for scholars from Heversham School 
in Westmorland, and from the schools of Leeds and Halifax. 
I am informed that these are now of the value of £80 a 
year. They are given, as they become vacant, to such 
candidates as successfully pass a prescribed examination 
which takes place every year in April. The Tutor of the 
College tells me that the subjects are : — " Euclid, Algebra, 
Trigonometry, Conic Sections, Passages from Greek and Latin 
Authors for Translation, and Composition in Greek and 
Latin Prose and Verse ". He also says : — " Preference will 
in general be given to excellence in one line of study ; but 
no one will be elected who does not satisfy the Examiners 
in the elementary parts of both Classics and Mathematics ". 


There is another chance for the School. Some land was 
bequeathed in 1518* by William Akroyd, Eector of Long 
Marston, a priest of the pre-reformation Church, for the 
support of a scholar at Oxford or Cambridge. In consequence 
of an increase in its value there are now two open Scholar- 
ships, each of the annual value of £75, tenable at either 
University. There is an examination for these, when vacant, 
" in Classics, Mathematics, History, Geography, and one 
modern foreign language ". Candidates are admitted " from 
any Endowed Schools in the County of York " ; and con- 
sequently Heath School can send candidates. 

In the spring of the present year, the Provost of Queen's 
College, Oxford, informed me that some of the twelve schools 
of Yorkshire, which had the privilege of sending candidates 
for Lady Betty Hastings' Exhibitions at that College, worth 
£90 a year, had forfeited their privilege, and he enquired 
what prospect there was of Heath School being able to send 
candidates. As there were no pupils sufficiently advanced 
at the time, he finally wrote : — " It will probably be your 
best plan to postpone your application to have the Heath 
SchQol added to the Hastings Schools till your candidate 
is ready to offer himself. The Schools have only twenty 
years probation, and in case he should for any reason fail 
to appear, you might perhaps waste four or five years out 
of the twenty without having a candidate to send up ". 

With these three possibilities, the School requires only 
the support of those who wish to give their sons a University 
education ; for if it has been able to train under the present 
management a Senior Classic, a Milner Scholar, and at least 
two others who have gained Scholarships in their respective 
Colleges, it is within its power to add to those Honours. 
But a good result cannot be expected, unless good material 
is supplied. 
. * An English translation of the Will is given in L.P. CLXII. 


The Present Prospectus of the School. 

Head Master - - Rev. THOMAS COX, M.A., Camb*. 

Master of Junior Department Mr. J. CLAYTON, B.A., Cauib. 

Mathematical Master - Mr. W. E. SADD, B.A., Camb. 

French ----- MONSIEUE POIRE. 

Drawing - Mr. W. H. STOPFORD, of the School of Art. 

Drill - - Mr. T. MORLEY, late Sergeant-Major in the 

Royal Artillery. 

This School is managed under the Scheme drawn up by 
the Endowed Schools Commissioners, and is divided into a 
Senior and a Junior Department. No boy is admitted until 
he is eight years old. He cannot remain in the Junior 
Department beyond the end of the Term in which he attains 
the age of fourteen years; nor in the Senior Department 
beyond the end of the Term in which he attains the age 


No boy can be admitted without undergoing an examination 
by the Head Master, which in the Junior Department is 
never to fall below the following standard : — Reading easy 
narrative : Writing small text-hand : Simple sums in the first 
four rules of Arithmetic. The Examination for admission to 
the Senior Department is never to fall below the following 
standard : — Reading ordinary narrative : Writing simple prose 
from dictation : Sums in the four simple and compound rules 
of Arithmetic : English Grammar, Geography, Outlines of English 
History : Latin Grammar, Translation and Parsing of simple 
Latin sentences. 

In the Senior Department the education is more professional 
than in the Junior, and includes Greek and the higher 
branches of Mathematics. 

All boys must learn French, except those in the lowest 
class who are under twelve years of age. All must learn 
Drawing in the Junior Department, except in the lowest 


class, wliere it is optional. It is also optional at present in 
the Senior Department. 

The religious education consists of the Bible History. 
Boys also receive instruction in the Book of Common Prayer, 
or the Psalms and Proverbs, at the option of their Parent 
or Guardian. 

The Fees are (at present) £8 per annum for the Junior 
Department, and £12 per annum for the Senior. They are 
payable before the beginning of each Term to the Governors' 
Clerks, Messrs. Emmet & Walker, Harrison Eoad. Notice of 
removal of a hoy is to be given to the Head Master one month before 
the end of a Term, or the Fee will be charged for the next Term. 

There are three Terms in the year, the Lent Term 
beginning about January 14th ; the Midsummer Term about 
April 14th ; and the Michaelmas Term about September 14th. 

The fixed holidays are four weeks at Christmas, four 
DATS at Easter, two weeks at Whitsuntide, and six weeks 
at the end of the Midsummer Term. 

There is an annual examination in July, conducted by a 
Graduate of one of the Universities. 

The School hours are from 9 to 12, and from 2 to 5, except 
on Wednesday and Saturday, when there is a half-holiday. 
Every boy must be punctual and regular in attendance ; 
and after absence he must bring a note signed by his Parent 
or Guardian, stating the cause. It is necessary for the welfare 
of the School that these points should be attended to. Every 
boy is expected to make up all deficiencies in school-work 
occasioned by such absence. 

For convenience sake the books in use can be obtained 
from the Head Master. 

• Mr. Cox took Honours both in Classics and Mathematics, being in the First 
Class in the former, and in the Second in the latter. Mr. Clayton and Mr. Sadd 
took Mathematical Honours, both being high in the Second Class. All three were 
Scholars or Exhibitioners of their respective Colleges. M. Poir6 was specially 
trained as a teacher of English at the Training School of Cluny (Saone et Loire). 

Corrections and Additions. 

_p. 3, note^. Brinsley was Master of the Asliby-de-la-Zouch 
Grammar School from 1601 to 1618. There is a good 
Article in Eraser's Magazine for JSTovember 1879, on 
what was taught in Grammar Schools in his day. 
The Article is an Enquiry into what Shakespeare 
learned at School. 

p, 5. I. 21. I have generally left names spelled as I found 
them in documents. But here I should have written 
Ashhurne, as I have done later on, when I lighted on 
his marriage register, in which it is spelled with e. 
Farrar sometimes has a, sometimes e, in the last 
syllable; and I have been in doubt which to adopt. 

jf). 10, note f. After letters insert are. 

p. 14, note *. For ' MSS.' read ' MS.' 

p. 15, I. 29. For time read live. 

p. 22, I. 5. In 1765 Gilbert Wakefield went at nine years 
of age to Wilfbrd School near Nottingham. In his 
" Life ", p. 29, he says : — " We came into the school 
at five in the summer, and, with the deduction of less 
than two hours intermission at breakfast and dinner, 
continued there till six at night". 

jp. 24, I. 21. Here is one of Brearcliffe's mistakes. He has 
copied P.R. wrongly. 

p. 28, I. 20. Insert a comma after School, 

p. 29, I. 7. Erase the comma after Tcnown. 

p. 30, note, ■i.e., "Samuel son of John Stancliffe, Southowram". 

p. 31 J note t For d read e. 

p. 32, note* E. Sterne's brother Eoger, father of Laurence, 
is said to have been "somewhat rapid and hasty" 
in temper. 


jp. 34, I. 7. For Haytor read Hayter. I was long puzzled 
by the statement that Dr. Hayter, afterwards Bishop 
of Norwich, had drawn up the Statutes, until I found 
that he was at the time Secretary of the Archbishop 
of York. 

„ note* I. 7. It is in the letter Eleana, a clerical error 

for Elkanah. 
p. 38, I. 2. For Stern read Sterne. 
p. 46, I. 23. Chemistry is not mentioned in the Scheme : 

but rooms have been provided for it in the New 

Building. The Governors have also outstripped the 

Scheme in building a Gymnasium. 
p. 52, note 8. I had interpreted the cipher as " aprove," i.e., 

" approve ", but I did not know that the word was 

ever so applied. I have since found "prove" used 

technically in a similar way, and I would now read 

it as "approve". 
p. 53, note 10a. It is also provided in the Statutes of 

Rotherham (1584), that Hesiod should be taught. I 

suppose it to be owing to the moral teaching of his 

principal poem. 
„ note 11. The "book published in 1612" is Brinsley's 

Ludus to which I have referred before. 
p. 55, I. 20. After have insert been. 
p. 69, note'*. Add " cunning in knowledge, and understanding 

science. Daniel i, 4". There are many other instances 

in the Bible. 
p. 61, I. 11. xpo i.e., Christo, X in Greek being represented 

by Ch, and the character for r being almost like p. 

„ I. 20. for u in Richardu read ii i.e., um. 
p. 66, I. 25. Timothy Booth was the father of E. Sterne's 
second wife. 


p. 71, I. 29. The celebrated Dr. Johnson thought highly of 
Dr. Ogden's Sermons, especially those on prayer, as 
Boswell tells ns, in describing his visit to Scotland, 
to which the Sermons had found their way. 

jp. 76, I. 5. The chair was taken by Col. Norcliffe of Langton 
Hall, near Malton : about 50 old pupils were present, 
as well as the Governors of the School. 
„ I. 29. P.O. stand for " ponendum curaverunt ". 
„ I. 35. There are many anecdotes afloat respecting 
Mr. Wilkinson, but they are all too trifling to be 
given in this work. 

p, 82, Z. 16. I have found in Mr. Gooch's register the 
following names of Assistant Masters : — 1854 Mr. 
Cranmer ; 1855 Mr. Hiron, and Mr. Hadath ; 1856 
• Mr. Morgan; 1858 Mr. Thwaite; 1859 Mr. Bissell, 
and Mr. James; 1860 Mr. T. Pitts. Since that date 
there have been 1861 Mr. J. C. Cammack; 1863 Mr. 
W. J. Brookes; 1865 Mr. Mead; 1869 Mr. H. J. Geare; 
and Mr. S. Jeffery; 1871 Mr. A. H. Chesshire; 1872 
Mr. H. Sayers; 1874 Mr. F. H. Weston; and 1875 
Mr. G. P. Blatch. 

jp. 84, I. 12. After ^produced insert a comma. 

„ I. IQ. On reference to the Cambridge Calendar, I find 
in 1760 "Joah Bates, Christ's" elected to the Craven 
Scholarship, the highest Classical Prize in the University- 
A note says, "Afterwards Fellow of King's, and 
conductor of the Commemoration of Handel in West- 
minster Abbey". Henry Bates was fourth Wrangler 
in 1759, and Members' Prizeman in 1761. 

JO. 90, I, 25. Late Lieutenant Colonel. 


p. 91. I liave also received the following names of pupils 
of Mr. Wilkinson : — 

1815 Crossley, David 

„ Frobislier, — 

1817 Bowerbank, — 

,, Fawthrop*, — 

1819 Dyson, Frank 

(?) Wright, Joe 

1821 Crossley, Harry 

„ Jessop, — 

182 . Eamsden, John 

,, ,, William 

„ ,, George 

183 . Slater, Abraham 

,, ,, William 

1832 Ashworth*, George Wheelhouse 

1833 Atkinson, Christopher 
,, ,, Henry 

p. 99, I. 1. Child, H. E. A. entered in January 1872. 

p. 100. After the names add : — " Mr. Gooch admitted 349 
boys, an average of 18 per annum ; Mr. Cox admitted 
360, an average of 19 per annum ". It is singular 
that the Commissioners in 1827 give the average 
number of boys not boarders as 35, and the Governors 
in 1861 give the same average. My average up to 
1875 was 42, and during the last 5 years has been 
about the same. I have not taken account of boarders 
or of my own sons. 

2>. 103, I. 21. Add the remarks of W. Bagehot on this : — 
" But ' genius ' is rarely popular in places of education ; 
and it is, to say the least, remarkable that so 
sentimental a man as Sterne should have chanced 
upon so sentimental an instructor. It is wise to be 
suspicious of aged reminiscents ; they are like persons 
entrusted with ' untold gold ' ; there is no check on 
what they tell us. Literary Studies, ii. 108. 

p. 109, I. 10. After was put a comma. 

p. 110, I. 10. For similiar read similar. 

p. Ill, I. 25. This Tablet was presented by Mr. Cox in 1870. 
„ note For ^706' read '1796'. 

p. 115, I. 8. For MS. read MSS. 



(drawn up since the hodij of the work was printed). 

O I 




Matthew Smith (Alderinan) 
John Henry Swallow 

Samuel Thomas Midgley (Alderman) "^ 
John William Longbottom (Alderman) 
Nathan Whitley 
John Hall (Councillor) , 

John Edwards Hill 
Alfred Eamsden (Councillor) 
William Morris 
John Farrar 


Chairman of School Board. 

Elected by Town Council, 1879. 

Elected hy School Board, 1879. 

Bairstow's Charity, Sowerhy. 
Brookshank's Charity, Elland. 


r Edward Eawson 
Henry Edwards (Bart) 
Samuel Waterhouse (Major) 
William Henry Eawson (President Governor). 
Edward Akroyd (Col.) 
William Roth well 
Joshua Appleyard 
John Eawson 

p. 131, I. 17. For 'Worcestor' read 'Worcester', 
p. 132, wo/ef For ' L.L.D ' read ' LL.D ' . 

P. 8. — The writer of this worh is sorrj/ that there has been 
so long a delay in publication. He could have brought it out 
some months ago, had it not been for the Illustrations, which 
have taJcen a longer time than was expected. 

Jan. 31, 1880. 

373.42H H437 C878 c.1 

Cox # A popular history 
of the grammar school of 

3 0005 02028322 5 


A popular history of the gram- 
mar school of Queen Elizabeth 

at Heath, near Halifax 


373. 42H 



A popular history of the grammar 
school of Queen Elizabeth, at Heath, 
near Halifax